1. ISKAST; the Way We Have Made and Upfront

Mohammad Razi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Japanese orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Masaki Watanabe, established himself as the “father of modern and interventional arthroscopy” by developing sophisticated endoscopic instruments, using electronics and optics, which became popular in Japan in the post–World War II ...  Read More

Knee
2. Medial Collateral Ligament Injury; A New Classification Based on MRI and Clinical Findings. A Guide for Patient Selection and Early Surgical Intervention

Hadi Makhmalbaf; Omid Shahpari

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 3-7

Abstract
  Medial collateral ligament (MCL)injury, is one of the most common ligament injuries of the knee,mostly results from a valgus force.Restoration of function and going back to the pre-injury level of function is the aim of treatment in ligament injuries of the knee. There are multiple soft tissue structures ...  Read More

Knee
3. Posterior Cruciate Ligament: Current Concepts Review

Santiago Pache; Zachary S. Aman; Mitchel Kennedy; Gilberto Nakama; Gilbert Moatshe; Connor Ziegler; Robert F. LaPrade

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 8-18

Abstract
  The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the largest and strongest ligament in the human knee, and the primary posteriorstabilizer. Recent anatomy and biomechanical studies have provided an improved understanding of PCL function. PCLinjuries are typically combined with other ligamentous, meniscal and ...  Read More

4. Does a Previous High Tibial Osteotomy (HTO) Influence the Long-term Function or Survival of a Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA)?

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 19-22

Abstract
   High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well established technique for the treatment of medial osteoarthritis ofthe knee with varus malalignment. The outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after HTO remains uncertain.The aim of this paper is to revise the literature with the aim of answering the following ...  Read More

Knee
5. Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients with Retention of Prior Hardware Material: What is the Outcome?

Jorge Manrique; Mohammad Rasouli; Camilo Restrepo; Mitchell G. Maltenfort; Jonathan Beri; Jeffrey Oliver; Raj Patel; Javad Parvizi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 23-26

Abstract
  Background: There is an information gap in literature regarding postoperative outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA)in patients with hardware in-situ from the previous knee surgery. The present study aims to evaluate impact of retainedhardware on short-term outcome of TKA patients.Methods: Perioperative ...  Read More

Hip
6. A Single Femoral Component for All Total Hip Replacements Performed by a Trust? Does This Affect Early Clinical and Radiological Outcomes?

James Ricketts; Paul Sherry

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 27-33

Abstract
  Background: Hospitals may be under pressure to implement cost saving strategies regarding prosthesis choice. Thismay involve the use of components which are not the first preference of individual surgeons, or those they have littleexperience with. We aim to examine the effect of standardizing the type ...  Read More

Shoulder
7. Preoperative Sterilization Preparation of the Shoulder: A Comparative Study Evaluating Gauze Sponge and Commercially Available Applicator Prep Stick

Usman Syed; Adam J. Seidl; Ryan A. Hoffman; Justin Bianchini; Pedro Beredjiklian; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a concern in shoulder surgery, especially during arthroplasty. Whilemany studies have explored the characteristics and efficacy of different sterilizing solutions, no study has evaluated themethod of application. The purpose of this study was to compare ...  Read More

Pediatric
8. Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Fracture-Experience in 48 Children

Rajesh Govindasamy; Ramkumar Gnanasundaram; Saravanan kasirajan; Syed Ibrahim; Jimmy Mellepuram

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 39-46

Abstract
  Background: Femoral shaft fractures are an incapacitating pediatric injury accounting for 1.6% of all pediatric bonyinjuries. Management of these fractures is largely directed by age, fracture pattern, associated injuries, built of the childand socioeconomic status of the family. We retrospectively evaluated ...  Read More

Knee
9. A Comparison of the Postoperative Complications between Two Drainage Methods after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Fardin Mirzatolooei; Ali Tabrizi; Maryamsadat Mokaram Gargari

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 47-51

Abstract
  Background: The role of wound drainage after total knee arthroplasty is still considered controversial as althoughclosed drainage systems have been believed to be effective in decreasing the post-operative complications, they couldalso facilitate the bleeding and increase the rate of transfusion and ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
10. Injury to the Infrapatellar Branch of the Saphenous Nerve during ACL Reconstruction with Hamstring Tendon Autograft: A Comparison between Oblique and Vertical Incisions

Hamid Mousavi; Mohammad Mohammadi; Hossein Akbari Aghdam

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 52-56

Abstract
  Background: Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) is common after arthroscopic ACLreconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft, as reported in up to 88% of the cases. Due to close relationshipbetween the IPBSN with pes anserine tendons insertion skin incision may sever IPBSN ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
11. Evaluation of Bone Mineral Density in Perimenopausal Period

Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi; Hamid Etemad Rezaie; Nasrin Milani; Farnaz Etemadrezaee; Ali Etemad Rezaie

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 57-62

Abstract
  Background: The menopausal transition called perimenopause, happens after the reproductive years, and isspecified with irregular menstrual cycles, perimenopause symptoms and hormonal changes. Women going throughperi menopausal period are vulnerable to bone loss.Osteoporosis is one of the most common ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
12. A Comparison between Single and Double Tourniquet Technique in Distal Upper Limb Orthopedic Surgeries with Intravenous Regional Anesthesia

Mohammad Haghighi; Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran; Nasim Ashouri Saheli; Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh; Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 63-70

Abstract
  Background: Several studies have put an effort to minimize the tourniquet pain and complications after conventionaldouble tourniquet intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). We expressed in our hypothesis that an upper arm singlewide tourniquet (ST) may serve a better clinical efficacy rather than the ...  Read More

Hand
13. Translation and Validation of the Persian Version the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire

Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani; Ali Moradi; Ali Birjandinejad; Ehsan Vahedi; Amir Reza Kachooei; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 71-77

Abstract
  Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is recognized as the most common type of neuropathies. Questionnairesare the method of choice for evaluating patients with CTS. Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (BCTS) is one of the mostfamous questionnaires that evaluate the functional and symptomatic aspects of ...  Read More

Hand
14. Topiramate-induced Neuropathy Mimicking Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Case Report

Jigar S. Gandhi; Michael Rivlin

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 78-81

Abstract
  Carpel tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition in which median nerve compression results in paresthesias and pain in thewrist and hand. We are going to report a rare case of topiramate-induced neuropathy which clinically resembles CTS.Discontinuation of topiramate resulted in spontaneous resolution of numbness, ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
15. Modified Internal Fixation Technique for Acromio-Clavicular (AC) joint dislocation: The “Hidden Knot Technique”

Hamidreza Aslani; Fateme Mirzaee; Zohreh Zafarani; Shahin Salehi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, Pages 81-84

Abstract
  Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries are common and often seen in contact athletes, resulting from a fall on the shouldertip with adducted arm. This joint is stabilized by both static and dynamic structures including the coracoclavicular (CC)ligament. Most reconstruction techniques focus on CC ligament ...  Read More