Medical Genetics
1. Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 4G/5G Polymorphism Contributes to Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head Susceptibility: Evidence from a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Mohammad R. Sobhan; Masoud Mahdinezhad-Yazdi; Mansour Moghimi; Kazem Aghili; Mohammadali Jafari; Masoud Zare-Shehneh; Hossein Neamatzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 468-477

Abstract
  Background: The Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 gene 4G/5G (PAI-1 4G/5G) polymorphism has been suggestedto be associated with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) susceptibility; however, the results are conflicting andinconclusive. We have carried out a comprehensive meta-analysis to derive a ...  Read More

Hand
2. Comparison of Custom-made Versus Prefabricated Thumb Splinting for Carpometacarpal Arthrosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Aslan Baradaran; Ashkan Baradaran; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Amir R. Kachooei; Michael Rivlin; Pedro Beredjiklian

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 478-485

Abstract
  Background: The goal of this study was to compare the two types of orthoses, prefabricated soft splints versus shortthermoplastic custom-made splints, that are the most commonly used for the management of first carpometacarpal(CMC) osteoarthritis (OA).Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
3. Increased Risk of Heterotopic Ossification Following Revision Hip Arthroplasty for Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Jorge Manrique; Pouya Alijanipour; Snir Heller; Michael Dove; Javad Parvizi

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 486-491

Abstract
  Purpose: To investigate whether surgery for PJI of the hip, the number of procedures and their duration contribute to risk of HO formation. Methods: 56 patients with hip PJI undergoing one-stage (10) or two-stage (46) exchange arthroplasty were matched to 112 patients undergoing revision arthroplasty ...  Read More

Trauma
4. Longer Length of Stay Increases 1-year Readmission Rate in Patients Undergoing Hip Fracture Surgery

Tom J. Crijns; Tyler Caton; Teun Teunis; Jacob T. Davis; Kindra McWilliam-Ross; David Ring; Hugo B. Sanchez

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 492-500

Abstract
  Background: Proximal femur fractures are prevalent among the elderly and associated with substantial morbidity,mortality, and early readmission. Early readmission is gaining popularity as a measure of quality of hospital care and canlower reimbursement. A better understanding of the patient and treatment ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
5. Total Hip Replacement Revision in a Single Brand Small Cementless Stem – Our Experience after the Findings of the National Joint Registry

Robert Pearse Piggott; Rebecca Lyons; Colin Gerard Murphy; William Curtin

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 501-507

Abstract
  Background: Cementless total hip replacement is the common THR performed in England, Wales, Northern Irelandand the Isle of Man. The Corail stem is the most popular cementless implant and has a ODEP 10A rating. Review ofits performance in the registry identified an increase rate of revision amongst the ...  Read More

Trauma
6. Functional Outcome and Incidence of Osteoarthritis in Operated Tibial Plateau Fractures

Saranjeet Singh Jagdev; Subodh Pathak; Himanshu Kanani; Abhijeet Salunke

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 508-516

Abstract
  Background: In the challenging tibial condyle fractures despite anatomical joint reconstruction, development ofosteoarthritis may still occur secondary to the initial articular cartilage and meniscal injury. The aim of the study wasto know incidence of osteoarthritis in our operated cases of tibial plateau ...  Read More

Hip
7. Lower Bone Mineral Density is Associated with Intertrochanteric Hip Fracture

David N. Bernstein; Jacob T. Davis; Carson Fairbanks; Kindra McWilliam-Ross; David Ring; Hugo B. Sanchez

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 517-522

Abstract
  Background: A better understanding of how bone mineral density and vitamin D levels are associated with femoralneck and intertrochanteric hip fractures may help inform healthcare providers. We asked: 1) In patients age ≥ 55 years,is there a difference in quantitative ultrasound of the heel (QUS) t-score ...  Read More

Physiotherapy
8. Early Regain of Function and Proprioceptive Improvement Following Knee Arthroplasty

Wolfgang Fitz; Pinak Shukla; Ling Li; Richard D. Scott

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 523-531

Abstract
  Background: Techniques that allow early muscle activation, such as closed kinetic chain (CKC) and open kineticchain (OKC) exercises, may play a beneficial role in the early rehabilitation of the reconstructed knee. However,current rehabilitation regimens have not been shown to reverse post-operative ...  Read More

Shoulder
9. The Midterm Results of the Delta Xtend Reverse Shoulder System: A Five-Year Outcome Study

John G. Horneff; Thema A. Nicholson; Surena Namdari; Gerald R. Williams; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 532-538

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the mid-term functional outcomes, radiographic results,and revision rates of patients treated with the Delta Xtend Reverse Shoulder System for both primary and revisionarthroplasty indications.Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of records ...  Read More

Elbow
10. Bedside Ultrasonography for Early Diagnosis of Occult Radial Head Fractures in Emergency Room: A CTComparative Diagnostic Study

Michael-Alexander Malahias; Philip-Panagiotis Manolopoulos; Vikram Kadu; Omid Shahpari; Dimitrios Fagkrezos; Maria-Kyriaki Kaseta

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 539-546

Abstract
  Background: Some of the Mason type I fractures cannot be detected on early radiographic images. These occultfractures are considered as a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Our aim was to determine the value of bedsideultrasonography for the detection of Mason I radial head fractures that are non-visible ...  Read More

Hip
11. Effects of Zoledronic Acid and Vitamin E on Surgical– Induced Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head in Rabbit

Kaveh Gharanizadeh; Sina Aminizadeh; Nima Molavi; Amir Darbandi; Shabnam Nadjafi; Mahsa Fadavighaffari; Tina Shooshtarizadeh

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 547-553

Abstract
  Background: Femoral head osteonecrosis is a progressive disease with disabling outcomes in hip joint if not treated.This study was designed to compare the effects of zoledronic acid plus vitamin E versus zoledronic acid alone insurgical induced femoral head osteonecrosis in rabbits.Methods: 26 Japanese ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
12. Staphylococcus aureus Colonization in Patients Undergoing Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty and Costeffectiveness of Decolonization Programme

Hosseinali Hadi; Mahmood Jabalamoli; Abolfazl BagheriFard; Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad; Ahmadreza Behrouzi; Ali Joorabchi; Amir Azimi

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 554-559

Abstract
  Background: Periprosthetic joint infection is a devastating complication of total joint arthroplasty. It seems that thepatient’s skin, nose, throat, and urine are important sites for microbial colonization. Colonization with staphylococcusaureus, especially methicillin resistant increases the risk ...  Read More

Spine
13. The Ratio of Lumbar to Hip Motion during the Trunk Flexion in Patients with Mechanical Chronic Low Back Pain According to O’Sullivan Classification System: A Cross-sectional Study

Majid Shahbazi Moheb Seraj; javad Sarrafzadeh; Nader Maroufi; Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani; Amir Ahmadi; Hossein Negahban

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 560-569

Abstract
  Background: Static and dynamic postures of lumbopelvic in low back pain (LBP) are considered as two importantaspects of clinical assessment and management of LBP. Thus, the focus of the current study was to compare theposture and compensatory strategy of hip and lumbar region during trunk flexion between ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
14. It’s Not About The Biceps

Job N. Doornberg; Jetske Viveen; David Ring; Annechien Beumer; Denise Eygendaal; Bertram The

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 570-576

Abstract
  In the biomedical paradigm all symptoms and limitations are ascribed to discrete pathophysiology. However, abiopsychosocial health model that accounts for the important influence of mind-set and circumstances on illness maybe preferable in the vast majority of cases. Some of the shortcomings of the biomedical ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
15. Knee and Hip Joint Replacement Surgery in a Patient with Ochronotic Arthropathy: Surgical Tips

Hamed Mazoochy; Mohammad Razi

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, Pages 577-581

Abstract
  Ochronosis or black joints disorder is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of homogentisic acidoxidase. Orthopaedic manifestations are common and mostly involve spine and large joints such as knee and hip.Arthropathy is progressive and will eventually leads to arthroplasty. Not being ...  Read More