Knee
1. Preoperative Aspiration Culture (PAC) for the Diagnosis of Infection in a Prosthetic Knee Joint

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 342-345

Abstract
  Background: Periprosthetic infection is the most serious joint replacement complication, occurring in 0.8-1.9% of totalknee arthroplasties (TKAs).This review aims to define the role of preoperative aspiration culture (PAC) for diagnosis of TKA infection.Methods: A PubMed (MEDLINE) search related to TKA ...  Read More

Hip
2. A challenge on Orthopedic Sciences: The Influence of Spinal Disease and Deformities on Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Review on Literature

Ali Yeganeh; Mehdi Moghtadaei; Mohsen Motalebi

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 346-352

Abstract
  Background: Adult degenerative disorders of hip and spine are common. The recent studies inconsistently havediscussed about the influence of spinal disorders on total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this review, we discussed clearlyabout these relationships and their effects on the most appropriate position ...  Read More

Shoulder
3. Short-Term Results of the DePuy Global Unite Platform Shoulder System: A Two-Year Outcome Study

Gary F. Updegrove; Thema A. Nicholson; Surena Namdari; Gerald R. Williams; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 353-358

Abstract
  Background: The Global Unite Shoulder System is the next generation of implant from the Depuy Global Shoulderline. The primary feature of the Global Unite is adaptability through the interchangeable modular bodies, modular suturecollars, and stems. Short-term functional and radiographic outcomes of the ...  Read More

Shoulder
4. Significance of Perioperative Tests to Diagnose the Infection in Revision Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

Shahryar Ahmadi; Thomas M. Lawrence; Shawn Sahota; Cathy D. Schleck; William S. Harmsen; Robert H. Cofield; John W. Sperling

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 359-364

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of perioperative tests for the diagnosis of infectionin revision shoulder arthroplasty.Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 537 shoulder arthroplasties (429 patients) that underwent revisionshoulder arthroplasty at our institution. ...  Read More

Hand
5. The Best Option in Treatment of Modified Mason Type III Radial Head Fractures: Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Versus Radial Head Excision

Ahmadreza Zarifian; Hassan Rahimi Shoorin; Mohammad Hallaj Moghaddam; Meysam Fathi Vavsari; Mohammad Gharedaghi; Ali Moradi

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 365-370

Abstract
  Background: Radial head fractures commonly occur during elbow traumas. Among those, treatment of Mason type IIIfractures is still under controversy. Common treatment methods for these fractures include open reduction and internalfixation (ORIF) as well as radial head excision. In this study, we compared ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
6. Economic Analysis of the Cost of Implants Used for Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures

Suneel Bhat; Frederick Liss; Pedro K. Beredjiklian

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 371-375

Abstract
  Background: There are a number of different implant choices for surgical treatment of distal radius fractures, oftendetermined by surgeon preference or availability. Although no one volar plate demonstrates superior outcomes, thereare significant cost differences absorbed by hospitals and surgical centers. ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
7. Long- Stem Total Knee Arthroplasty for Proximal Tibial Stress Fractures in the Elderly Patients

Mahmoud Jabalameli; Hosseinali A. Hadi; Abolfazl Bagherifard; Mohammad Rahbar; Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 376-380

Abstract
  Background: Presentation of proximal tibia stress fracture is not infrequent among elderly patients due to their poorbone stock. Optimal management of patients with severe gonarthrosis of the knee and concurrent tibial stress fracture isnot known yet. In this study we report the outcome of primary total ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
8. How Much Bone Cement Is Utilized for Component Fixation in Primary Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Bhava R.J. Satish; Mohan Thadi; Subbiahgounder Thirumalaisamy; Apsingi Sunil; Praveen L. Basanagoudar; Bernard Leo

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 381-389

Abstract
  Background: No scientific evidence exists regarding the amount of bone cement used and discarded in primarycemented Total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to identify the exact amount of bone cement utilizedfor component fixation in primary TKA.Methods: In a prospective study carried ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
9. Does Adding Lidocaine to Intrathecal Bupivacaine Affect Hemodynamic Parameters during Hip Fracture Surgery?

Abbas Sedighinejad; Bahram Nadei Nabi; Hossein Ettehad; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Zahra Atrkarroushan; Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran; Gelareh Biazar; Mohammad Haghighi

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 390-396

Abstract
  Background: Hip fracture is one of the most common problems in elderly that needs surgical repair. As, the majority ofthese patients have chronic diseases, they are at increased risk of peri-operative mortality and morbidity. The purposeof this study was to evaluate spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine ...  Read More

Spine
10. Clinical Outcomes after Microdiscectomy for Recurrent Lumbar Disk Herniation: A Single-Center Study

Hosein Mashhadinejad; Ebrahim Sarabi; Sara Mashhadinezhad; Babak Ganjeifar

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 397-401

Abstract
  Background: Revision discectomy is the principal procedure for recurrent lumbar disk herniation (RLDH). The clinicaloutcomes after this procedure are as good as or slightly poorer than those produced by primary discectomy. In thisstudy, the clinical outcomes of patients treated with microsurgical discectomy ...  Read More

Pediatric
11. Evaluation of Clinical and Radiological Results of Calcaneal Lengthening Osteotomy in Pediatric Idiopathic Flexible Flatfoot

Taghi Baghdadi; Hamed Mazoochy; Mohammad Reza Guiti; Nima Heidari khabbaz

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 402-411

Abstract
  Background: Flexible idiopathic flatfoot is the most common form of flatfoot. First line treatments are parentalreassurance and conservative measures; however, surgical treatment may be needed in some cases. A numberof surgical techniques with varying results have been described in the literature. Here, ...  Read More

Trauma
12. The Outcomes of Pilon Fracture Treatment: Primary Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Versus Two stage Approach

Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi; Adel Ebrahimpour; Mohamad A. Okhovatpour; Amin Karimi; Reza Zandi; Amir Sharifzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 412-419

Abstract
  Background: Pilon fracture is one of the challenging injuries in orthopedic surgery. Associated soft tissue injury is animportant factor in choosing treatment options. Two major methods of treatment are considered as one-stage openreduction internal fixation (ORIF) and two-stage treatment (primary external ...  Read More

Knee
13. An Anteriorly Presenting ‘Wrap Around’ Popliteal Cyst

Daniel Bowen; James Gill; Pamela Garcia Pulido; Joel Thomas Kirk Melton; Mervyn Cross

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, Pages 420-423

Abstract
  The article describes a case in which a popliteal cyst was identified presenting as a mass on the anterior aspect of theright tibia. This occurred as a result of polyethylene wear debris from previous total knee arthroplasty. Although alternativediagnoses for an anterior tibial mass are more likely, ...  Read More