Japanese orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Masaki Watanabe, established himself as the “father of modern and interventional arthroscopy” by developing sophisticated endoscopic instruments, using electronics and optics, which became popular in Japan in the post–World War II (1). Before him, Professor Kenji Takagi in Tokyo has traditionally been credited with performing the first arthroscopic examination of a knee joint, in 1919. He used a 7.3 mm cystoscope for his first knee
arthroscopies (2). In 1969, Dr. Richard O’Connor visited and studied with Watanabe. Then he popularized knee arthroscopy in United State in 1960-70s (3). Dr. Heshmat Shahriaree began experimenting with ways to excise fragments of menisci (4)...