1. Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in Orthopedics: A Helpful Tool to Improve Patient Care

SM Javad Mortazavi; Mohammad Hossein Nabian

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 323-324

Abstract
  An enormous technological improvement in Ultrasonography devices has occurred during last decade, providing excellent soft-tissue contrast and high spatial resolution images. Nowadays, musculoskeletal ultrasonography is going to be a stethoscope in the hand of orthopedic surgeons for the diagnosis of ...  Read More

2. The Present Situation of Patellofemoral Arthroplasty in the Management of Solitary Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 325-331

Abstract
  Patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) is a somewhat predominant illness, affecting up to 24% of women and 11% ofmen over the age of 55 years who suffer from symptomatic knee OA. The purposes of this narrative overview are tosummarize the present situation of patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) in the ...  Read More

3. Truly Existing or Hyped up? Unravelling the Current Knowledge Regarding the Anatomy, Radiology, Histology and Biomechanics of the Enigmatic Anterolateral Ligament of the Knee Joint

Dinesh Kumar. V; Yogesh Ashok Sontakke; Shishir Suranigi Murugharaj

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 332-342

Abstract
  Ever since its description, anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee joint remains as the hotspot of controversies.Though it has been described under various descriptions, the structure gained its limelight when it was christenedas anterolateral ligament by Claes in 2013. The main reason for the controversies ...  Read More

4. The Effect of Ozone (O3) versus Hyaluronic Acid on Pain and Function in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Javad Javadi Hedayatabad; Amir R. Kachooei; Negar Taher Chaharjouy; Niloufar Vaziri; Hasan Mehrad-Majd; Maryam Emadzadeh; Mansour Abolghasemian; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 343-354

Abstract
  Background: Of the pharmacological modalities for knee osteoarthritis (OA), intra-articular injections including ozone(O3) and hyaluronic acid (HA) are commonly used for reducing pain and improving function. In this systematic reviewand meta-analysis, we aimed to compare the effect of O3 versus HA in ...  Read More

5. Intra-articular versus Intravenous Tranexamic Acid in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial

SM Javad Mortazavi; Babak Sattartabar; Alireza Moharrami; seyed hadi Kalantar

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 355-362

Abstract
  Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can cause excessive blood loss requiring allogenic transfusions.Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been increasingly used for lowering blood loss. The present study aimed to comparethe efficacy of intravenous (IV) and intra-articular (IA) administrations of TXA in TKA ...  Read More

6. The Efficacy of Intravenous Versus Topical Use of Tranexamic Acid in Reducing Blood Loss after Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Ali Torkaman; Amir Rostami; Mohammad Reza Sarshar; Hamidreza Yazdi; Hossein Akbari Aghdam; Paniz Motaghi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 363-367

Abstract
  Background: Blood loss during and immediately after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is among the most challengingconcerns. It has been demonstrated that Tranexamic acid (TXA) can help to reduce perioperative blood loss. TXAcan be used as an oral, topical or intravenous injection. Many studies evaluated ...  Read More

7. Reoperation Rate and Indication for Reoperation after Free Functional Muscle Transfers in Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury

Pichitchai Atthakomol; Sezai Ozkan; Kyle R. Eberlin; Neal Chen; Jonathan Winograd; Sang-Gil Lee

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 368-372

Abstract
  plexus injury. Few studies report the rate of revision surgeries following free functional muscle transfers. We examinedthe reoperation rate and indication for reoperation after primary reconstruction of upper extremity function with a freegracilis transfer after brachial plexus injury.Methods: From ...  Read More

8. Angioleiomyoma of the Hand: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

Caleb M. Yeung; Laura Moore; Jonathan Lans; Santiago A. Lozano-Calderón,

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 373-377

Abstract
  Background: Angioleiomyomas are rare tumors arising from vascular tissue that can occasionally present in the hand.Reports of angioleiomyomas in this location are highly limited. Here, we describe the presentation and outcomes of aseries of cases of angioleiomyomas.Methods: A retrospective case review ...  Read More

9. Fracture Surgery in Known COVID-19 Infected Patients: What Are the Challenges?

Mehrdad Sadighi; SM Javad Mortazavi; Adel Ebrahimpour; Alireza Manafi-Rasi; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Meisam Jafari KafiAbadi; Seyyed Saeed Khabiri; Saber Barazandeh Rad; Monireh Yaghoubi; Mohammadreza Chehrassan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 378-382

Abstract
  Background: Surgery in the time of COVID-19 pandemic is a challenging issue while treatment of affected fracturepatients is inevitable. The present study summarizes the challenges that an orthopedic surgeon is confronting duringthe surgical treatment of fracture patients with concomitant COVID-19 infection.Methods: ...  Read More

10. Equivalent PROMIS Scores after Nonoperative or Operative Treatment of Trapeziometacarpal Osteoarthritis

Suresh K. Nayar; Rebecca Glasser; Eugene Deune; John Ingari; Dawn M LaPorte

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 383-390

Abstract
  Background: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores can quantify symptomsand limitations after upper extremity surgery. Our objective was to determine how these scores compare amongstpatients with trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis treated either nonoperatively or operatively.Methods: ...  Read More

11. The Survival and Incidence Rate of Ewing Sarcoma; a National Population-based Study in Iran (2008-2015)

Adel Ebrahimpour; Mohammadreza Chehrassan; Mehrdad Sadighi; Mehdi Azizmohammad Looha; Amin Karimi; Atieh Akbari; Alireza Raeisi; Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 391-399

Abstract
  Background: The effect of race and ethnicity on some kind of malignant bone tumors including Ewing sarcomahas been proven in different studies. In order to evaluate the latter, national cancer registries may help to increaseunderstanding about potential cancer causes, prevention and control strategies, ...  Read More

12. Anthropometric Measurements of Distal Femur to Design the Femoral Component of Total Knee Arthroplasty for the Iranian Population

Ali Birjandinejad; Reza Zandi; elham karimi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 400-406

Abstract
  Background: Acquiring knowledge about anatomic and geometric quantities of bones is among the most vitalparameters in orthopedic surgery that has a significant effect on the treatment of various disorders and subsequentoutcomes. The aim of this study was to obtain anthropometric information for distal ...  Read More

13. Application of Oscillating Saw for Lumbar en Bloc Laminectomy: A Case Series

Farshad Nikouei; Naveed Nabizadeh; Elham Mirzamohammadi; Maryam Ameri; Saeed Sabbaghan; Behrooz Givehchian; Farshad Safdari

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 407-412

Abstract
  Background: An oscillating bone saw is rarely used to perform laminectomy. The purpose of this study was to describea relatively quick and harmless technique for multilevel laminectomy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) usingan oscillating bone saw to find out how this instrument affects the ...  Read More

14. The Effect of Total Knee Arthroplasty on Hindfoot Alignment in Patients with Severe Genu Varum and Genu Valgum

Hosseinali Hadi; Mahmood Jabal Amoli; Abolfazl Bagherifard; Ahmadreza Behrouzi; Fatemeh Safi; Amir Azimi; Mahtab Ghanbari; Gholamreza Azarnia Samarin

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 413-419

Abstract
  Background: The maintenance of deformity in the ankle and hindfoot after correction of knee deformity following kneearthroplasty may cause abnormal tension in the knee and patient dissatisfaction. The aim of this study was to determinethe effect of knee arthroplasty on the hindfoot alignment in patients ...  Read More

15. Modified Camitz versus BRAND Procedures for the Treatment of Severe Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Comparative Trial Study

Mohammad Dehghani; Behrooz Fadaei; Shirvan Rastegar; Abolghasem Zarezadeh; Keyvan Ghadimi; Roham Nikkhah; Sepehr Eslami

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 420-425

Abstract
  Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is characterized by complications such as pain, paresthesia, andnumbness in the fingers. There are some surgical therapies for the management of severe carpal tunnel, but differencesexist between the treatments available for creating the opposition. The current ...  Read More

16. Autogenous Osteochondral Grafting for Treatment of Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans: A Case Series Study

Sohrab Keyhani; Mehran Soleymanha; Rene Verdonk; Mohammadreza Abbasian

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 426-431

Abstract
  Background: Although some surgical techniques have been described for the operative treatment of unstableOsteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee, outcomes are variable and are not satisfying totally. The aim of thepresent study is to evaluate the outcomes of autogenous osteochondral grafting for ...  Read More

17. The Prevalence, Zone, and Type of the Meniscus Tear in Patients with Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury; Does Delayed ACL Reconstruction Affects the Meniscal Injury?

Sohrab Keyhani; Ali Akbar Esmailiejah; Mohamad Sajad Mirhoseini; Seyyed-Mohsen Hosseininejad; Naser Ghanbari

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 432-438

Abstract
  Background: Meniscus tear is a common finding in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and may affectthe natural history of the injury and the outcomes of treatment. In the current study, the characteristics of meniscus tearsin patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were ...  Read More

18. Surgical Excision as the First Therapeutic Choice in Single-muscle Hemangiomas: a Case Series

Khodamorad Jamshidi; Milad Haji Agha Bozorgi; Hassan Assad Kassir; Alireza Mirzaei

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 439-444

Abstract
  Background: Conservative management is generally the primary treatment for intramuscular hemangimas. However,many patients will require surgery later in their life, after suffering a long period of pain. We aimed to evaluate theoncologic and functional outcomes of surgery as the initial treatment of ...  Read More

19. The Effect of Suspension and Conventional Core Stability Exercises on Characteristics of Intervertebral Disc and Chronic Pain in Office Staff Due to Lumbar Herniated Disc

Reza khanzadeh; Reza Mahdavinejad; Ali Borhani

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 445-453

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of eight weeks of conventional and suspension corestability exercises by use of the designed device on characteristic of intervertebral discs in low back pain.Methods: A total of 27 men with chronic low back (CLB) pain due to lumbar disc ...  Read More

20. Primary Synovial Sarcoma Presenting as a Huge Mass: A Report of a Rare Case and Review of Literature

Seyed Hosein Fattahi Masoum; Amir Hossein Jafarian; Alireza Sharifian Attar; Fatemeh Sadat Abtahi Mehrjardi; Mehrdad Fakhlaei; Leila. S Arani; Sharifeh Kamalimotlagh; Asieh Sadat Fattahi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 454-456

Abstract
  Primary synovial sarcoma of mediastinum is very rare among soft tissue sarcomas. Only a few cases have been reportedin the literatures. The best treatment is still unclear, but, surgical resection is the main therapy. In this article we reporta case of a 20*20 cm (2000gr) primary giant mediastinal synovial ...  Read More

21. Anticoagulation Strategies for the Orthopaedic Surgeon: Reversal and Timelines

Matthew D. Riedel; Ian T. Watkins; Johnathon R. McCormick; Hans P. Van Lancker

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 457-460

Abstract
  Article Highlights: 1) This article provides a full anticoagulant reference for the practicing orthopaedic surgeon which can be used in any clinical scenario, whether urgent or elective surgical intervention is required 2) A comprehensive list of anticoagulant reversal agents and drugs with short half-lives ...  Read More

22. Reply to “A Critical Review of Proximal Fibular Osteotomy for Knee Osteoarthritis”

Samundeeswari Saseendar; Saseendar Shanmugasundaram Saseendar; Srinivas BS Kambhampati

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 461-462

Abstract
  Proximal fibular osteotomy is a surgical procedure that has evoked significant interest and controversy in the recent past. Vaishya et al have made a significant effort in compiling the available evidence on the topic. However, we would like to make some significant suggestions and additions to the findings ...  Read More

23. Distal Femoral Valgus Cut Errors in Total Knee Replacement

Hamidreza Yazdi; Mohammad Taher Ghaderi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , May 2020, Pages 463-464

Abstract
  The causes of malalignment in total knee arthroplasty can be categorized into three different groups; 1) Errors in bone cuts 2) Errors in implant fixations, and 3) The method of setting down the cutting guides (1). We would like to announce that more several distal femoral valgus cut errors may occur ...  Read More