1. Prevention of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Main Studies Reported Between November 2017 and January 2020

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN; Alexander D. Liddle

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 465-469

Abstract
  EDITORIAL Table 1 summarizes recommendations based on the presented papers. To prevent infection, it is critical to identify high-risk patients and control those risks prior to surgery. Action must be taken at every step of the surgical process, from preoperative to postoperative protocols, including ...  Read More

2. Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients with Hemophilia: What Do We Know?

SM Javad Mortazavi; Nima Bagheri; Amirreza Farhoud; Saeid Hadi Kalantar; Ehsan Ghadimi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 470-478

Abstract
  Total knee arthroplasty is considered as the treatment of choice for those with end stage hemophilic arthropathy.Compared to other patients undergoing TKA, these patients have specific features such as bleeding tendency, youngerage, pre-operative restricted range of motion (ROM), altered anatomy, and ...  Read More

3. Effectiveness of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Pain Intensity and Functional Disability in Patients with Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Mohammadreza Pourahmadi; Mohamad Sahebalam; Rasool Bagheri

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 479-501

Abstract
  Background: This systematic review aimed to investigate the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation(PNF) training on back pain intensity and functional disability in people with low back pain (LBP).Methods: Totally, five electronic databases, including PubMed/Medline (NLM), Scopus, ...  Read More

4. Do Antibiotic Beads Need to be Removed?

Navin Fernando; Shawn Werner; Moamen Elhaddad; Jonah Davies; Reza Firoozabadi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 502-505

Abstract
  Background: Polymethylmethacrylate antibiotic impregnated beads can be an effective treatment for chronicosteomyelitis or an adjuvant in the treatment of open fractures. It remains unclear however whether the beads causelong-term adverse events if not removed. The purpose of this study was to determine ...  Read More

5. Cutibacterium Acnes is Isolated from Air Swabs: Time to Doubt the Value of Traditional Cultures in Shoulder Surgery?

Surena Namdari; Thema Nicholson; Javad Parvizi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 506-510

Abstract
  Background: Given high rates of positive Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) cultures in cases of both primary and revisionshoulder surgery, the ramifications of positive C. acnes cultures remain uncertain. Next generation sequencing (NGS)is a molecular tool that sequences the whole bacterial genome and is ...  Read More

6. Isolated Buttress Plating of Posterior Wall Acetabular Fractures: Is it Sufficient?

Reza Firoozabadi; Eric Yu Chen; Moamen Elhaddad; Paul Tornetta III

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 511-518

Abstract
  Background: Conventional fixation methods of posterior wall acetabular fractures feature the use of plating and lagscrews. However, fixation of posterior wall fractures with buttress plating alone offers potential advantages by avoidingthe hardware complications related to hardware placement through ...  Read More

7. Accuracy Assessment of Freehand Pedicular Screw Placement

Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati; Shahab Ilka

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 519-523

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the accuracy of pedicular screw insertion withoutthe use of fluoroscopy.Methods: This study was conducted on patients with spinal diseases in need of pedicular screw fixation and fusion.The included patients suffered from such conditions ...  Read More

8. Two-stage Total Knee Arthroplasty for Treatment of Surgical Failure of Septic Arthritis in Degenerative Knee Joints

Mohammad Naghi Tahmasebi; Arash Sharafat Vaziri; Seyed Hossein Miresmaeili; Mohammad Reza Bozorgmanesh; Shahin Mirkarimi; Mohammad Javad Zehtab; Mohammad Tahami

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 524-530

Abstract
  Background: The ultimate goal of the treatment of infectious knee arthritis is to protect the articular cartilage fromadverse effects of infection. Treatment, however, is not always hundred percent successful and has a 12% failurerate. Persistent infection is more likely to happen in elderly patients ...  Read More

9. Reliability of Ultrasound Imaging of the Trunk Musculature in Athletes with and without Hamstring Injuries

Mahnaz Emami; Nahid Rahmani; Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei; Akbar Biglarian

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 531-536

Abstract
  Background: Trunk muscles play an important role in providing both mobility and stability during dynamic tasks in athletes.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the within-day and between-day reliability of ultrasound (US) in measuringabdominal and lumbar multifidus muscle (MF) thickness in athletes ...  Read More

10. The Clinical Outcome of Simultaneous Lateral Closed- Wedge Distal Femoral Osteotomy and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the ACL-deficient Knees with Symptomatic Femoral Varus Deformity

Amin Moradi; Alireza Sadegpour; Akbar Khalilpour

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 537-544

Abstract
  Background: Nowadays combined high tibial osteotomy and ACL reconstruction is accepted as a safe and effectivesurgery for patients with symptomatic varus osteoarthritis and anterior knee instability; however, the source of varusdeformity is sometimes the femoral bone. No studies have reported concomitant ...  Read More

11. Loop-Post Construct, A Novel Technique for Medial Meniscus Root Repair

Mohammad Tahami; Arash Sharafat Vaziri; Mohammad Naghi Tahmasebi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 544-548

Abstract
  Surgical reattachment of medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) with transtibial sutures can delay the presenceof medial knee joint compartment osteoarthritis. Most suture configurations are placed five mm away from the tornmargin in the meniscal substance which is already degenerated and may decrease ...  Read More

12. Higher Rates of Achilles Tenotomy after a Didactic Session on Ponseti Method

Gunjar Jain; Sandeep Lenka; Manas Chandra; Tanmoy Mohanty

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 549-551

Abstract
  We have conducted a retrospective study to know the impact of a didactic sitting on the Ponseti method of clubfoot management. We have compared the outcome of patients managed by orthopaedic residents who attended such a session with that of patients treated by residents who didn’t get this additional ...  Read More

13. Strengthening with Blood Flow Restriction: Can it be a Useful Option in the Rehabilitation of Patients with Coronavirus?

Juan M. Roman-Belmonte; Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez; E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN; Elena Muñoz-De la Torre; Aranzazu Vazquez-Sasot

Volume 8, Issue 4 , July 2020, Pages 553-556

Abstract
  It is necessary to have a greater understanding of COVID-19, and studies with an adequate design must be performed to be able to make treatment and rehabilitation recommendations with a sufficient degree of evidence. However, for patients discharged from the hospital who have been cured of the infection ...  Read More