Knee
1. Important Topics on Contemporary Total knee Arthroplasty: What Does Recent Literature Say?

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 476-477

Abstract
  In the present editorial, I would like to comment oneleven recent articles that broaden our understandingof the controversial issues pertinent to total kneearthroplasty (TKA).  Read More

General Orthopedics
2. What Predicts Outstanding Orthopedic Residents among the Program?

Femke M.A.P. Claessen; Reinier B. Beks; Ilse Schol; George S. Dyer

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 478-483

Abstract
  Background: An oversupply of qualified applicants leads to intense competition for the limited number offirst year orthopedic residency positions. Therefore, program directors can be more selective in choosingtheir future residents. However, it is unclear if there are resident characteristics that correspond ...  Read More

Shoulder
3. Shoulder Arthroplasty Utilization Based on Race - Are Black Patients Underrepresented?

Jeffrey D. Tompson; Usman A. Syed; Eric M. Padegimas; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 484-492

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to analyze national and institutional trends in shoulder arthroplasty utilization basedon patient race.Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was employed to determine racial trends in shoulder arthroplastyutilization at a national level. An institutional database ...  Read More

Shoulder
4. Chronic Long Head Biceps Tendinitis Secondary to Anomalous Origins in Young Patients: A Case Series

Soheil Sabzevari; Mostafa Khalilipour Roudi; Jay Kalawadia; Albert Lin

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 493-497

Abstract
  Background: To describe a case series of young adult patients with isolated chronic proximal biceps tendinitisrefractory to conservative care found to have anatomic long head biceps tendon (LHBT) origin variations who underwentarthroscopic-assisted subpectoral biceps tenodesis.Methods: Patients were ...  Read More

Tissue Engineering
5. Various Dosages of BMP-2 for Management of Massive Bone Defect in Sprague Dawley Rat

Achmad Kamal; Othdeh Samuel Halomoan Siahaan; Jessica Fiolin

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 498-505

Abstract
  Background: BMP-2 has a crucial role in the treatment of extensive bone defect. However, data about the optimaldosage of BMP-2 in the massive bone defect casesis rare.Methods: Twenty-five SD rats were randomly allocated into a control group of hydroxyapatite (HA) alone (Group I),HA+BMP-2 1μg/mL (Group ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
6. Total Hip Arthroplasty with Modular Stem for Dysplastic Hips in South Asian Population

Deepak Gautam; Rajesh Malhotra

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 506-513

Abstract
  Background: Optimum component positioning and orientation is required to optimize the functional result during totalhip arthroplasty for dysplastic hips.Methods: Sixty-two patients (66 hips) including 33 males and 29 females underwent total hip arthroplasty usingmodular stem prosthesis at an average ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
7. Various Surgical Treatment of Hemophilic Pseudotumor : A Case Series

Achmad Fauzi Kamal; Agus Waryudi; Aryadi Kurniawan; Anna Mira Lubis; Djayadiman Gatot

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 514-522

Abstract
  Background: Bleeding episodes in severe hemophilia may occur more frequently and spontaneously after mildtrauma or daily activities. An inadequate treatment of that bleeding in hemophilia may result in pseudotumor,usually in the muscle adjacent to the bone. We reported haemophilic pseudotumor treated ...  Read More

Knee
8. Relationship between Femoral Intercondylar Notch Narrowing in Radiography and Anatomical and Histopathologic Integrity of Anterior Cruciate Ligament in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Hosseinali Hadi; Ali Rahbari; Mahmood Jabalameli; Abolfazl BagheriFard; Ahmadreza Behrouzi; Fatemeh Safi; Zahra Rezaei; Gholamreza Azarnia Samarin; Amir Azimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 523-530

Abstract
  Background: The presence of cruciate ligaments is very important for normal knee kinematics. Knee arthroplastyprostheses, in which these ligaments are maintained, have better kinematics. The aim of the present study was toinvestigate the association between femoral intercondylar notch (FIN) narrowing ...  Read More

Biomaterials
9. Creep behavior of Biodegradable Triple-component Nanocomposites Based on PLA/PCL/bioactive Glass for ACL Interference Screws

Javad Esmaeilzadeh; Saeed Hesaraki; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Golam Hosein Asghari; Amir R. Kachoei

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 531-537

Abstract
  Background: Short-time creep behaviorfor aseries of biodegradable nanocomposites, which areused as implantabledevices inthe body, is a crucial factor.The present study aimed to investigate the effect of bioactive glass nanoparticles(BGn) on creep and creep-recovery behaviors of polylactic acid/polycaprolactone ...  Read More

Tumor
10. Epidemiologic Characteristics, Clinical Behavior, and Outcome of the Giant Cell Tumor of the Bone: A Retrospective Single-center Study

Khodamorad Jamshidi; Amin Karimi; Alireza Mirzaei

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 538-544

Abstract
  Background: Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a locally aggressive lesion with an unpredictable behavior. Herein,the aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological characteristics, as well as clinical and functional outcomes ofGCTB in a relatively large series of patients.Methods: Patients with ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
11. Comparison of Short-Term Clinical Outcomes of Hook Plate and Continuous Loop Double Endobutton Fixations in Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation

Hassan Taleb; Ahmadreza Afshar; mohammad j. shariati; Ali tabrizi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 545-550

Abstract
  Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ)fixation with hook plate (HP) and continuous loop double endobutton fixation (CLDE) in the treatment of acute ACJdislocation.Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on eight patients with ...  Read More

Hand
12. Effect of Kinesio Taping on Pain, Range of Motion, Hand Strength, and Functional Abilities in Patients with Hand Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial

Majid Farhadian; Zahra Morovati; Alireza Shamsoddini

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 551-560

Abstract
  Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent joint diseases in older adults. Since hands play a key role indaily activities, their impairment causes disability and reduction of independency. The present study aimed to investigatethe effect of using Kinesio tape on pain, range of motion (ROM), ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
13. Unapproved Weight Gain Supplement as a Cause of Avascular Necrosis: A Cautionary Report

S. M. Javad Mortazavi; Alireza Moharrami; Hosein Shafiei; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Mehdi Karimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 561-565

Abstract
  Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) is a leading cause of end-stage joint disease in the young populationthat can lead to total hip replacement in early life. There are various risk factors, including trauma, corticosteroids,thrombosis, hypertension, and alcohol. There is a growing number ...  Read More

Spine
14. Osteoid Osteoma of Odontoid: Case Report and Literature Review

Ebrahim Ameri; Farshad Nikouei; Hassan Ghandhari; Saeed Sabbaghan; Behrooz Givehchian

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 566-570

Abstract
  Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a small tumor of bone that affects the spine in 10% of the cases. The tumor has a tendency toneural arc, and the lumbar spine is the most common site of presentation. Lesions of the odontoid process are very rare.We presented the case of a 20-year-old man who had cervical pain ...  Read More

Hip
15. Challenges of Plate Fixation for Vancouver Type-C fractures after a Well-fixed Hip Arthroplasty Femoral Stem

Reza Ganji

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, Pages 571-572

Abstract
  The fixation of distal femoral fractures (Vancouver type-C fractures) following a well-fixed hip arthroplasty femoral stem has become a challenging issue for orthopedic surgeons due to the inter-prosthetic biomechanical effects such as negative, positive, and torsional strain. Surgeons have applied a ...  Read More