1. Clinical and Pathophysiologic Significance of MRI Identified Bone Marrow Lesions Associated with Knee Osteoarthritis

Vishavpreet Singh; Ali Oliashirazi; Timothy Tan; Azzam Fayyad; Alisina Shahi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 211-219

  Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects the joint beyond just the articular cartilage. Specifically, magnetic resonance imagingidentifiedbone marrow lesions (BML) in the subchondral bone have both clinical and pathophysiological significance.Compared to joint space narrowing on traditional radiographs, the ...  Read More

Molecular Biology
2. Preoperative Evaluation and Management of Patients Receiving Biologic Therapies

Zahra Rezaieyazdi; Maryam Sahebari; Mandana Khodashahi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 220-228

  The preoperative care of patients undergoing orthopedic surgery and treated with biologic agents is of great significance.Perioperative use of biologic agents could lead to such complications as infection and delayed postoperative woundhealing. This narrative review aimed to evaluate the current information ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
3. Operative Time Directly Correlates with Blood Loss and Need for Blood Transfusion in Total Joint Arthroplasty

David Ross; Omer Erkocak; Mohammad R. Rasouli; Javad Parvizi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 229-234

  Background: Allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been shown tonegatively affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to examine if there is a correlation between operative time and theneed for allogeneic blood transfusions during TJA.Methods: We performed ...  Read More

4. An Evaluation of Digital Imaging Studies in an Outpatient Orthopedic Setting

Kevin Lutsky; Charles Leinberry; Greg Gallant; Robert Takei; Moody Kwok; Pedro Beredjiklian

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 235-238

  Background: Distribution of radiographic images in the outpatient setting on compact discs-recordable (CD-R) iscommonplace. Opening, manipulating and interpreting these can be challenging. This study evaluated the availabilityand ease of use of CD-R to evaluate digital images in an outpatient orthopedic ...  Read More

5. Reconstruction of Acute Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Dislocations with or without Tendon Graft: a Retrospective Comparative Study

Brian K. Lee; Grant C. Jamgochian; Usman Ali M. Syed; Charles L. Getz; Christopher C. Dodson; Surena Namdari; Matthew L. Ramsey; Gerald R. Williams; Joseph A. Abboud; Mark D. Lazarus

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 239-245

  Background: Reconstructions of acute acromioclavicular (AC) dislocations have been thought to result in superioroutcomes than chronic dislocations. The use of tendon graft in reconstructions has demonstrated favorablebiomechanical properties. To determine whether utilizing tendon graft during repair ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
6. Identification of Radial Nerve in Relationship to Deltoid Tuberosity and Brachioradialis

Kwan Jun Park; Brandon Anthony Romero; Shahryar Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 246-250

  Background: Several studies have identified the radial nerve in arm using different anatomic landmarks, however, acontroversy remains. Deltoid tuberosity (DT) and brachioradialis (BR) are reproducible landmarks that can be used toidentify the radial nerve (RN) during fracture surgery.Methods: Dissection ...  Read More

7. Revision Fixation of Distal Humerus Fracture Nonunions in Older Age Patients with Poor Bone Quality or Bone Loss – Is This Viable as a Long-term Treatment Option?

Abhiram R. Bhashyam; Jesse B. Jupiter

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 251-257

  Background: The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the long-term results of revision ORIF, jointcontracture release, and autogenous bone-grafting in the treatment of distal humerus frac-ture nonunions in older agedpatients with poor bone quality or bone loss who would have been candidates ...  Read More

microsurgery nerve
8. The Incidence of Ossified Superior Transverse Scapular Ligament during Nerve Transfer through Posterior Shoulder Approach

Masoud Yavari; Seyed Esmaeil Hassanpour; Hamidreza Alizadeh Otaghvar; Hossein A. Abdolrazaghi; Amir R. Farhoud

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 258-262

  Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and importance of bony bridge that covers thesupra scapular notch during posterior approach to transfer accessory nerve to suprascapular nerve.Methods: Between 2010 and 2015, the frequency and importance of suprascapular bony bridge instead ...  Read More

9. Treatment of Massive Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tear with Arthroscopic Subacromial Bursectomy, Biceps Tenotomy, and Tuberoplasty

Fateme Mirzaee; Mohammad A. Aslani; Zohreh Zafarani; Hamidreza Aslani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 263-268

  Background: The alternative surgery for massive and irreparable shoulder rotator cuff tears in older patients is thedebridement of subacromial bursa, biceps tenotomy, and tuberoplasty (reverse acromioplasty). This study aimed toreport the effectiveness of such a treatment performed arthroscopically in ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
10. Effectiveness of Methylene Blue in the Prevention of Stifle Joint Arthrofibrosis in Rabbit Models

Hamid Namazi; Mohammad J. Emami; Fatemeh Dehghani Nazhvani; Ali Dehghani Nazhvani; Zeinab Kargarshouroki

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 269-277

  Background: One of the major challenges in orthopedic surgery is the prevention of arthrofibrosis, which can besuccessfully alleviated in its early stages. Many studies suggest the administration of methylene blue (MB) as anaccessible and effective agent for the prevention of post-operation adhesions. ...  Read More

11. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Hamstring Tendons Has no Deleterious Effect on Hip Extension Strength

Hosseinali Hadi; Abolfazl Bagherifar; Fereshte Tayebi; Majid Ansari; Ali Shahsavaripour; Iman Qomashi; Mahmoud Jabalameli

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 278-283

  Background: Hamstring tendons are secondary hip extensors. Their harvest for graft in anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction may create deleterious effect on hip extension strength. This is of particular importance in sportsthat need powerful hip extension force like climbing and sprinting. Due ...  Read More

12. Clinical Results of Percutaneous Fixation of Pelvic and Acetabular Fractures: A Minimally Invasive Internal Fixation Technique

Mohammad Qoreishi; Hamid R. Seyyed Hosseinzadeh; Farshad Safdari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 284-290

  Background: The pelvic ring fractures (PRF) and acetabular fractures (AF) are among the major orthopedic injuriesassociated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Open surgical stabilization is the standard treatment for themajority of these complications. Percutaneous minimally invasive surgical ...  Read More

13. Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of the Foot Function Index in Patients with Foot Disorders

Alireza Mousavian; Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian; Omid Shahpari; Ali Mohammadi; Nafiseh Elahpour; Arezoo Orooji; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi PhD

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 291-296

  Background: Foot function index (FFI) is a worthy subjective patient reported outcome measures (PROM) tool forevaluation of the outcomes of medical interventions on foot and ankle. This study was conducted to assess the validityof the Persian version of the foot function index (FFI).Methods: After translating ...  Read More

14. Primary Repair of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A Review of Recent Literature (2016-2017)


Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 297-300

  Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the current goldstandard surgical technique for acute ACL ruptures. However, ACL repair surgical procedures are reappearing as anoptimistic treatment alternative for acute proximal ruptures. The purpose ...  Read More

15. Importance of Ethical Education in Clinical Photography Sharing and Using Social Media

Ali Tabrizi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, Pages 301-302

  In developing countries, similar to other parts of the world, smartphones and social networks are highly popular. there are many challenges in use of social networks by the health system staff. Clinical photography plays an important role in the medical practice to determine the state, treatment and ...  Read More