1. An Unusual Case of a Large Hematorrachis Associated with Multi-Level Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures; a Case Report

T.V. Ravi Kumar; Daksh Gadi; Rao Raghavendra; Joseph Vinay Mathew

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 134-136

Abstract
  Spinal epidural haemorrhage may present as back pain associated with radicular symptoms and can be a catastrophic clinical scenario with progression to paraplegia or even sudden death. Being a rare entity, it needs a high index ofclinical suspicion to diagnose it. Fractures have been documented as a ...  Read More

2. Early Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Remplissages in Patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability with Engaging Hill-Sachs Lesion in Iran

Hamid Reza Aslani; Zohreh Zafarani; Adel Ebrahimpour; Shahin Salehi; Ali Moradi; Soheil Sabzevari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Background:   To assess the outcome of the remplissage arthroscopic surgical method in patients with anterior shoulder dislocation associated with Hill-Sachs lesion.     Methods:   Ten patients with anterior shoulder dislocations and Hill-Sachs lesions were entered into this study ...  Read More

3. Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (Trevor Syndrome) of Talus in a 21-Year Old Woman; Case Report

Amir R Sdeghifar; Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is a rare nonhereditary epiphyseal disease that mimics synovial chondromatosis and osteochondroma of the joints. The disease mainly involves long bones of the lower extremities and tarsal bones. Herein we report 21-year old woman who presented with pain and limited range ...  Read More

4. Repair of Minor Tissue Defect in Hand by Transfer of Free Tissue Flap from the Toe

Haitao Tan; Xiang Luo; Keqin Yang; Jianzhong Jiang; Pingou Wei; Jinming Zhao

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 11-16

Abstract
  Background:   To introduce our experience of using the free neurovascular flap from great and second toe. Methods:   Thirteen patients (fifteen fingers) sought surgical treatment for soft tissue defects of the hand at our medical institutin between March 2006 and September 2009. In two patients, ...  Read More

5. Multicentric Myxoid Liposarcoma; a Case Report and Literature Review

Mohammad Gharehdaghi; Mohammad Hassani; Ali R Khooei; Elaheh Ghodsi; Ali Taghizadeh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 79-81

Abstract
    Liposarcoma is a common malignant soft tissue tumor, accounting for 10% to 16% of all sarcomas. Multicentric myxoid liposarcoma is an uncommon condition. Differentiation between several primary tumors and metastasis of a single liposarcoma represents the main difficulty in diagnosis. A 47-years ...  Read More

6. Developing an Appropriateness Criteria for Knee MRI Using the Rand Appropriateness Method (RAM)-2013

Hossein Ebrahimipour; Seyedeh Zahra Mirfeizi; Ali Vafaee Najar; Amir Reza Kachooei; Amir Shahriar Ariamanesh; Reza Ganji; Habibollah Esmaeeli; Hedayat Salari; Marjan Vejdani

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 47-51

Abstract
    Background: Knee pain is one of the most common reasons patients visit their physician. In this regard Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the tool of preference for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine appropriate guidelines for knee MRI administration using the RAND Appropriateness ...  Read More

7. Effects of Valproic Acid on Axonal Regeneration and Recovery of Motor Function after Peripheral Nerve Injury in the Rat

Ting Rao; Fei Wu; Danmou Xing; Zhengren Peng; Dong Ren; Wei Feng; Yan Chen; Zhiming Zhao; Huan Wang; Junweng Wang; Wusheng Kan; Qingsong Zhang

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 17-24

Abstract
  Background:   Valproic acid (VPA) is used to be an effective anti-epileptic drug and mood stabilizer. It has recently been demonstrated that VPA could promote neurite outgrowth, activate the extracellular signal regulated kinase pathway, and increases bcl-2 and growth cone-associated protein 43 ...  Read More

8. Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Pain in Knee Arthroscopic Surgery; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Mohammad Alipour; Masoomeh Tabari; Reza Farhadifaz; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Maryam Salehi; Seyed Mostafa Moosavitekye

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 52-56

Abstract
  knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention ...  Read More

9. Comparison of Clinical Outcomes of Scarf and Chevron Osteotomies and the McBride Procedure in the Treatment of Hallux Valgus Deformity

Mohammad Fakoor; Naser Sarafan; Payam Mohammadhoseini; Mohsen Khorami; Hamidreza Arti; Seyedshahnam Mosavi; Amir Aghaeeaghdam

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 31-36

Abstract
  Background:   Hallux valgus deformity is a common chronic problem in middle age and elderly. Different surgical procedures have been introduced so far with their proposed indications for each. This study aimed to compare three   current procedures namely Chevron osteotomy, Scarf osteotomy and ...  Read More

10. Relapsing and Residual Clubfoot Deformities After the Application of the Ponseti Method:A Contemporary Review

Ali parsa; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 7-10

Abstract
    The Ponseti method is a safe and effective treatment for congenital clubfoot, and radically decreases the need for extensive corrective surgery. But a group of patients will still present with under corrected residual equinovarus deformities despite the proper use of the Ponseti method. About ...  Read More

11. Accuracy of Lachman and Anterior Drawer Tests for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

Hadi Makhmalbaf; Ali Moradi; Saeid Ganji; Farzad Omidi-Kashani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 94-97

Abstract
    Background: The knee joint is prone to injury because of its complexity and weight-bearing function. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures happen in young and physically active population and can result in instability, meniscal tears, and articular cartilage damage. The aim of this study is ...  Read More

12. Nonspecific Arm Pain

Ali Moradi; Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; David Ring

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 53-58

Abstract
    Nonspecific activity-related arm pain is characterized by an absence of objective physical findings and symptoms that do not correspond with objective pathophysiology. Arm pain without strict diagnosis is often related to activity, work-related activity in particular, and is often seen in patients ...  Read More

13. The Relationship Between Morphology of Lumbar Disc Herniation and MRI Changes in Adjacent Vertebral Bodies

Hamed Reyhani Kermani; Ehsan Keykhosravi; Masoud Mirkazemi; Mohammad Reza Ehsaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 82-85

Abstract
    Background: Intervertebral disc herniation has two common types, extrusion and protrusion, which may affect the adjacent vertebrae.In addition, it is associated with significant signal changes in T1 MRI (short TR/TE) and T2 MRI (long TR/TE).   Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional ...  Read More

14. Treatment of Pediatric Open Femoral Fractures with External Fixator Versus Flexible Intramedullary Nails

Hossein Aslani; Ali Tabrizi; Ali Sadighi; Ahmad R Mirbolook

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 64-67

Abstract
    Background: In children, inappropriate treatment of open femoral fractures may induce several complications. A few studies have compared the external fixator with flexible intramedullary nails in high-grade open femoral fractures of children. The present study aims at comparing results of these ...  Read More

15. Prevalence and Severity of Preoperative Disabilities in Iranian Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation

Farzad Omidi-Kashani; Ebrahim Ghayem Hasankhani; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mohammad Sadegh Esfandiari

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 78-81

Abstract
    Background: Literature recommends that refractory cases with lumbar disc herniation and appropriate indications are better to be treated surgically, but do all the patients throughout the world consent to the surgery with a same disability and pain threshold? We aim to elucidate the prevalence ...  Read More

16. Skeletal Tuberculosis Presenting as a Small Cystic Lesion in the Medial Femoral Condyle

Asghar Elmi; Ali Tabrizi; Fardin Mirza Tolouei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 112-115

Abstract
    Skeletal tuberculosis is an unusual disease involving bone and joints and it may have different manifestations. This report introduces a 25-year-old woman suffering from chronic knee pain without any response to conservative treatments for one year. X-ray was normal but CT-scan and MRI indicated ...  Read More

17. Skeletal Sarcoma on the Site of Retained War Bullet Fragments and a Literature Review on Long-Term Complications of Retained War Shells

Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; Ehsan Vahedi; Rashid Ganji; Shahram Bozorgnia

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 107-111

Abstract
    Long-term complications of retained war fragments in the body are not completely known. Also, bullet migration and slow resorption of metals and distortion in some imaging modalities are frequent and well recognized complications but, now we are concerned about neoplastic changes near the retained ...  Read More

18. Osseous Tumours of the Hand: A Review of 99 Cases in 20 Years

Mahmoud Farzan; Parviz Ahangar; Hamed Mazoochy; Mohammad Vahedian Ardakani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 68-73

Abstract
    Background: Tumors involving the hand skeleton are rare. However, a basic knowledge of hand tumors is necessary for every clinician. This is due to the importance of distinguishing typical benign tumors from life or limb threatening malignant ones. Methods: This study is a review of 99 cases of ...  Read More

19. Trans-Scaphoid Perilunate Fracture-Dislocation and Isolated Perilunate Dislocations; Surgical Versus Non Surgical Treatment

Farshid Bagheri; Mohhamad H Taraz Jamshidi; Ali Birjandinejad; Seyyed Reza Sharifi Daloei; Masoud Mirkazemi; Meysam Fathi Choghadeh; Maryam Asadian; Hasan Rahimi Shorin

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 74-77

Abstract
    Background: Trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture-dislocation and perilunate dislocations are among uncommon injuries, most commonly seen in young patients due to high energy trauma. The treatment can be achieved either surgically by open reduc tion and internal fixation or closed reduction and casting. ...  Read More

20. Infected Textiloma, 35 Years after the Operation forFemur Fracture, an extermly rare occurance

Amir Reza Sadeghifar; Ali Reza Saeed

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 41-43

Abstract
    Retained gauze after surgery is an uncommon error and it may be associated with many complications. We are reporting our case to call attention to the fact that retained gauze may become symptomatic even after a very long interval. Herein we report on a patient who developed infection and fistula ...  Read More

21. Arthroscopic Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma in the Wrist

Reza Shahryar Kamrani; Leyla Farhadi; Sahra Emamzadehfard

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 38-40

Abstract
    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that rarely involves joints. Although there are several reports of arthroscopic osteoid osteoma excisions, to our knowledge, there are no reports of this type of treatment for osteoid osteoma in carpal bones. We report two cases of arthroscopic (a person ...  Read More

22. Effects of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs onFlexor Tendon Rehabilitation after Repair

Alireza Rouhani; Ali Tabrizi; Ehsan Ghavidel

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 28-30

Abstract
    Background: Peritendinous adhesions after repairing an injury to the digital flexor tendons are a major problem in hand surgery. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy may affect tendon healing and the development of peritendinous adhesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate ibuprofen ...  Read More

23. Migration of a Broken Steinman Pin into the Posterior Compartment of the Leg 12 Years after Total Hip Arthroplasty

Ali Birjandi Nejad; Mohammad Kaveh; Amir Reza Fatehi; Hami Ashraf; Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Reza Shiravani

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 35-37

Abstract
  This report is on a migration of a Steinman pin into the posterior com Department of the calf. It was used to fix a greater trochanteric osteotomy in a total hip arthroplasty. The puzzling note is how this metal piece passed through the anterolateral compartment of the thigh to the posterior compartment ...  Read More