Tumor
1. Impact of Sanctions on Cancer Care in Iran

Mohammad Hassani

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 248-249

Abstract
  The right to health accepted as an essential human right.The US administration’s withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal on May 2018, increased attention to the impact of sanctions on the health of more than 80 million Iranians. Sanctions will damage the Iran public health-care system, notably patients ...  Read More

Knee
2. Meniscal Roots: Current Concepts Review

Santiago Pache; Zachary S. Aman; Mitchell Kennedy; Gilberto Y. Nakama; Gilbert Moatshe; Connor Ziegler; Robert F. Laprade

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 250-259

Abstract
  Meniscal root tears are defined as radial tears located within 1 cm from the meniscal attachment or a bony rootavulsion. This injury is biomechanically comparable to a total meniscectomy, leading to compromised hoop stressesresulting in decreased tibiofemoral contact area and increased contact pressures ...  Read More

Tumor
3. Denosumab in Patients with Giant Cell Tumor and Its Recurrence: A Systematic Review

Khodamorad Jamshidi; Mohamad Gharehdaghi; Sami Sam Hajialiloo; Masoud Mirkazemi; Kamran Ghaffarzadehgan; Azra Izanloo

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 260-268

Abstract
  Recent studies suggest that Denosumab reduces tumor size, therefore, makes the surgery easier with lowermorbidity. However, some studies have reported several complications for this drug. So, this systematic reviewwas performed to determine the effectiveness and safety of Denosumab in reducing bone destructions ...  Read More

Trauma
4. Ethical Issues in Technological Disaster: A Systematic Review of Literature

Ali Khaji; Bagher Larijani; Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi; Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi; Hamid Reza Khankeh; Soheil Saadat; Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei; Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 269-276

Abstract
  Ethical issues in Technological disaster: A systematic review of literature Introduction: Industrialization could bring risk of Technological Disaster (TD) such as happened in Chernobyl, Bhopal and Fukushima crisis. little has been discussed about its related ethical issues. In this study, we aimed to ...  Read More

Shoulder
5. The “July Effect” on Shoulder Arthroplasty: Are Complication Rates Higher at the Beginning of the Academic Year?

Daniel Tobert; Mariano Menendez; David C. Ring; Neal C. Chen

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 277-281

Abstract
  Background: The ”July effect” is a colloquialism asserting an increased rate of errors at the start of the academicyear in teaching hospitals. This retrospective population-based study evaluated for the presence of the July effect inperforming shoulder arthroplasty.Methods: Using the Nationwide ...  Read More

Shoulder
6. Identification of Risk Factors for Abnormal Postoperative Chemistry Labs after Primary Shoulder Arthroplasty

Alexis A. Williams; Eric H. Tischler; Daniel Sholder; Thema A. Nicholson; Mitchell G. Maltenfort; Charles Getz; Gerald Williams Jr; Surena Namdari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 282-288

Abstract
  Purpose Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine patient-specific risk factors and clinical intervention rates for abnormal postoperative Chem-7 panels in shoulder arthroplasty patients. Methods Retrospectively, all primary anatomic total (aTSA) and reverse shoulder (RTSA) arthroplasties ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
7. Different References for Valgus Cut Angle in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Hamidreza Yazdi; Ara Nazarian; Jim Wu; Arash Amiri; Poopak Hafezi; Margaret Babikian; Amin Mohamadi; Reza Pakdaman; Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 289-293

Abstract
  Background: The valgus cut angle (VCA) of the distal femur in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is measured preoperativelyon three-joint alignment radiographs. The anatomical axis of the femur can be described as the anatomical axis of thefull length of the femur or as the anatomical axis of the distal half ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
8. Protocols for Management of Underserved Patients Undergoing Arthroplasty: A National Survey of Safety Net Hospitals

David N. Bernstein; Hao-Hua Wu; Harry E. Jergesen

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 294-300

Abstract
  Background: Although it has been shown that perioperative protocols enhance arthroplasty care and safety, it isnot known how prevalent their use is in safety net hospitals, which operate with a mandate to treat the poor andunderserved. Understanding the elements currently included in standard perioperative ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
9. Early Results of Oxford Mobile Bearing Medial Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (UKR) with the Microplasty Instrumentation: An Indian Experience

Sahil Gaba; Naman Wahal; Deepak Gautam; Hemant Pandit; Vijay Kumar; Rajesh Malhotra

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 301-311

Abstract
  Background: Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is indicated in patients with anteromedialosteoarthritis (AMOA) of the knee. Microplasty (MP) instrumentation was introduced in 2012 as an improvement overphase 3 instrumentation. Advantages of this instrumentation include conservative ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
10. The Effect of Spinal and General Anesthesia on Serum Lipid Peroxides and Total Antioxidant Capacity in Diabetic Patients with Lower Limb Amputation Surgery

Arash Peivandi Yazdi; Alireza Bameshki; Maryam Salehi; Gholamhosein Kazemzadeh; Majid Sharifian Razavi; Shaghayegh Rahmani; Seyed Isaac Hashemy

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 312-317

Abstract
  Background: Anesthesia is performed in two major methods including regional and general.The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anesthesia method (spinal and general) on oxidative stress indiabetic patients underwent diabetic amputation surgery.Methods: In this randomized control trial, 40 ...  Read More

Pediatric
11. The Outcome of Salter Innominate Osteotomy for Developmental Hip Dysplasia before and after 3 Years Old

Taghi Baghdadi; Nima Bagheri; Seied Hadi Kalantar; Seyyed Saeed Khabiri

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 318-323

Abstract
  Background: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most important and challenging conditions inthe field of pediatric orthopedics; if not diagnosed and treated in time, it would lead to remarkable morbidity. Methodsof treatment based on the patient’s age can vary. The aim of this ...  Read More

Spine
12. The Role of Spinopelvic Parameters in Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Osteotomies in Patients with Sagittal Imbalance

Hasan Ghandhari; Maryam Ameri Mahabadi; Farshad Nikouei; Saeed Sabbaghan; Abouzar Azizi; Alireza Mirzaei; Behrooz Givehchian

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 324-330

Abstract
  Background: Sagittal imbalance is known as the main radiographic driver of disability in adult spinal deformity (ASD).In this study, the association of radiological spinopelvic parameters and clinical outcomes was evaluated following thecorrective surgery of sagittal imbalance, in order to explore the ...  Read More

13. Myotopography in Tibial Lengthening

Konstantin Novikov; Oleg Klimov; Koushik Subramanyam; Andrey Neretin; Olga Stepanovna Novikova

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 331-334

Abstract
  Limb lengthening by Ilizarov lengthens not just the long bone, but also the soft tissues too. Damage of the musclesduring corticotomy and their stretching during distraction play a crucial role in occurrence of complications and finallimb function. We present here a systematic codified nomenclature system ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
14. Conservative Bone Cuts and Technical Hints Incruciate Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty, a 20 Years Experience

Hadi Makhmalbaf; Omid Shahpari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 335-339

Abstract
  Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most successful procedures in modern orthopedic surgery, providing high patient satisfaction rate. As a result, the number of patients undergoing TKA is increasing in number every year and more patients would be inclined to have the operation in near future ...  Read More

Spine
15. Ethics; the Main License to Do Spinal Surgeries

Farzad Omidi-Kashani

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, Pages 340-341

Abstract
  If we want to be honest, how many percent of our surgically treated patients are satisfied with our treatment? 50%, 70%, or 90%? How many percent of our spinal surgeries can restore normal anatomy to the patient? Is it enough to have an academic degree for carrying out spinal surgeries? Does having a ...  Read More