Hip
426. DDH Epidemiology Revisited: Do We Need New Strategies?

Amir R. Vafaee; Taghi Baghdadi; Azarakhsh Baghdadi; Reza Khalili Jamnani

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 440-442

Abstract
  Background: Although the developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is well known to pediatric orthopedists, its etiology has still remained unknown and despite dedication of a vast majority of research, the results are still inadequate and confusing. The exact incidence of DDH and its relationship with ...  Read More

Foot
427. Anatomic Spring Ligament and Posterior Tibial Tendon Reconstruction: New Concept of Double Bundle PTT and a Novel Technique for Spring Ligament

Alireza Mousavian; Jakrapong Orapin; Apisan Chinanuvathana; Lew C. Schon

Volume 5, Issue 3 , May 2017, , Pages 201-205

Abstract
    A new technique in spring ligament reconstruction using medial half of posterior tibial tendon is demonstrated as a means of supporting the arch. In addition a new concept of double bundle PTT reconstruction based on anatomical attachments of original PTT is presented with the goal of obtaining ...  Read More

Hand
428. Translation and Validation of the Persian Version the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire

Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani; Ali Moradi; Ali Birjandinejad; Ehsan Vahedi; Amir Reza Kachooei; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 71-77

Abstract
  Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is recognized as the most common type of neuropathies. Questionnairesare the method of choice for evaluating patients with CTS. Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (BCTS) is one of the mostfamous questionnaires that evaluate the functional and symptomatic aspects of ...  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
429. Simultaneous Quadruple Joint Replacement (QJR) in Disabling Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis – a Case Report with Review of Literature

Rajesh Malhotra; Deepak Gautam; Bhavuk Garg; Anjan Trikha

Volume 6, Issue 3 , May 2018, , Pages 243-247

Abstract
  We wish to present a case of 47-year-old patient with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis and ankylosis of both hips and bothknees treated by bilateral hip and knee arthroplasty in a single anaesthesia i.e. Quadruple joint replacement in singlesitting. He was back on his feet from his bed-ridden state within ...  Read More

430. Myotopography in Tibial Lengthening

Konstantin Novikov; Oleg Klimov; Koushik Subramanyam; Andrey Neretin; Olga Stepanovna Novikova

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, , Pages 331-334

Abstract
  Limb lengthening by Ilizarov lengthens not just the long bone, but also the soft tissues too. Damage of the musclesduring corticotomy and their stretching during distraction play a crucial role in occurrence of complications and finallimb function. We present here a systematic codified nomenclature system ...  Read More

431. NOVEL BIOABSORBABLE ACL RECONSTRUCTION SCREWS

Javad Esmaeilzadeh; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 6, supplement 1 , June 2018, , Pages 9-9

Abstract
  This was Presented in 5th International Congress of Iranian Iranian Society of Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy, and Sports Traumatology (ISKAST), 14-17 Feb 2018- Kish, Iran  Read More

Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
432. Fatal Cobalt Cardiomyopathy Following Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty – A Brief Report with Review of Literature

Deepak Gautam; Ashish Pande; Rajesh Malhotra

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 379-383

Abstract
  Ceramic bearing surfaces are being increasingly used in young patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. However,failures have been reported including fractures even with the newer third generation ceramics. The recommendedtreatment for fracture of ceramic bearing surfaces is complete synovectomy and ...  Read More

Spine
433. The Ratio of Lumbar to Hip Motion during the Trunk Flexion in Patients with Mechanical Chronic Low Back Pain According to O’Sullivan Classification System: A Cross-sectional Study

Majid Shahbazi Moheb Seraj; javad Sarrafzadeh; Nader Maroufi; Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani; Amir Ahmadi; Hossein Negahban

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, , Pages 560-569

Abstract
  Background: Static and dynamic postures of lumbopelvic in low back pain (LBP) are considered as two importantaspects of clinical assessment and management of LBP. Thus, the focus of the current study was to compare theposture and compensatory strategy of hip and lumbar region during trunk flexion between ...  Read More

Elbow
434. The Use of Eponyms for Surgical Approaches and Fractures in Elbow Surgery: Accuracy and Reliability Pre- and Post-Training

Jetske Viveen; Matthijs P. Somford; Koen L.M. Koenraadt; Michel P. J. van den Bekerom; Denise Eygendaal; Inger B. Schipper; Job N. Doornberg

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, , Pages 191-198

Abstract
  The use of eponymous terms in orthopedic trauma surgery is common. In an assessment pre-training versus posttrainingat an AO Advanced Elbow Trauma Course, we aimed to report on (1) the accuracy and (2) reliability of 10common eponymous terms used for surgical approaches and fractures in elbow surgery. ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
435. National Joint Registry of Iran

Arvin Najafi; Abolfazl Bagherifard; Mohammad H. Kaseb; Seyed Mohamadjavad Mortazavi; Pejman Mansouri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January and February 2019, , Pages 75-78

Abstract
  Joint replacement is currently on the rise with a high community burden. A registry was designed to evaluate the costs,possible complications, and rate of revisions as well as finding the most effective techniques, risk factors associatedwith poor results, indications for revision surgeries, and also ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
436. Reality of Misconduct in Iranian Orthopedic Publications

Ali Tabrizi; Seyed Amir Mahlisha Kazemi Shishavan

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 474-475

Abstract
  Fake and misconducted scientific articles are misleading the researchers; it can also impose a huge cost on the academic centers and health system. Finally invalidated published research may give rise to incorrect treatment guidelines that may harm the patients. Based on our search in retraction watch ...  Read More

Ankle
437. Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of the Foot Function Index in Patients with Foot Disorders

Alireza Mousavian; Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian; Omid Shahpari; Ali Mohammadi; Nafiseh Elahpour; Arezoo Orooji; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi PhD

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, , Pages 291-296

Abstract
  Background: Foot function index (FFI) is a worthy subjective patient reported outcome measures (PROM) tool forevaluation of the outcomes of medical interventions on foot and ankle. This study was conducted to assess the validityof the Persian version of the foot function index (FFI).Methods: After translating ...  Read More

Hip
438. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Assessment of Hip Abductor after Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Direct Lateral Approach

Alireza Manafi Rasi; Reza Zandi; Mohamad Qoreishi; Ali Habibollahzadeh

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 83-88

Abstract
  Background: Surgical techniques and rehabilitations after total hip arthroplasty (THA) play a significant role in theimprovement of pain and limping. This study aimed to assess hip abductor muscle’s diameter and its strength after 6months postoperative THA performed by Hardinge approach.Methods: ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
439. Unapproved Weight Gain Supplement as a Cause of Avascular Necrosis: A Cautionary Report

S. M. Javad Mortazavi; Alireza Moharrami; Hosein Shafiei; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Mehdi Karimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 561-565

Abstract
  Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) is a leading cause of end-stage joint disease in the young populationthat can lead to total hip replacement in early life. There are various risk factors, including trauma, corticosteroids,thrombosis, hypertension, and alcohol. There is a growing number ...  Read More

440. Syndesmotic Malreduction after Ankle ORIF; Is Radiography Sufficient?

Alireza Manafi Rasi; Gholamhossein Kazemian; Mohamad M Omidian; Ali Nemati

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 98-102

Abstract
    Background: Ankle fractures, especially those resulting from external rotation mechanisms are associated with injury to the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis. Some authors have recommended performing CT scanning after open ankle surgery to evaluate the reduction of syndesmosis. In this current study, ...  Read More

441. Simultaneous Dorsal Base Fracture and FDP Avulsion of Distal Phalanx of the Little Finger

Mohammadreza Bazavar; Alireza Rouhani; Ali Tabrizi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Avulsion injury of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) with concomitant fracture of the distal phalanx dorsal base is uncommon. Simultaneous avulsion fractures of the insertion of this tendon associated with rupture of the tendon from the bony fragment and combination with dorsal base fracture is very ...  Read More

442. Predictors of Missed Research Appointments in a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial

Stéphanie J.E. Becker; Thierry G Guitton; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 192-198

Abstract
  Background:  The primary aim of this study was to determine predictors of missed research appointments in a prospective  andomized placebo injection-controlled trial with evaluations 1 to 3 and 5 to 8 months after enrollment.   Methods:  This study represents a secondary use ...  Read More

443. Chronic Osteomyelitis in the Femoral Midshaft Following Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction

Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad Hosein; Ali Moradi; Mohammad Kazem Khalesi; Maysam Fathi Choghadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 67-70

Abstract
    A 25 year-old man presented with pain, swelling, and intermittent drainage from distal lateral aspect of his left knee three months after undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction with arthroscopic hamstring autograft and endobottom technique. His surgeon at that time tried to eliminate the pathology ...  Read More

444. Femoral Condyle Fracture during Revision of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Case Report and a Review of Literature

Sohrab Keyhani; Arash Sharafat Vaziri; Hossein Shafiei; Mohsen Mardani-Kivi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 137-140

Abstract
   Background: A rare and devastating complication following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision reconstruction is femoral fracture.    Case presentation: A 35-year old male soccer player with a history of ACL tear from the previous year ago, who underwent arthroscopic ...  Read More

445. Unusual Presentation of Synovial Sarcoma as Meniscal Cyst: A Case Report

Khodamorad Jamshidi; Hooman Yahazadeh; Abolfazl Bagherifard

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 296-299

Abstract
    Periarticular cyst and cystic soft tissue lesion around the knee are common. Synovial sarcoma is a rare and malignant soft tissue tumor accounting for approximately 5% of soft tissue sarcoma. A case is presented where a lesion adjacent to the joint line of the knee was diagnosed clinically and ...  Read More

446. Extensive Osteochondroma of Talus Presenting as Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Report of a case and Literature Review

Shishir Suranigi; Kanagasabai Rengasamy; Syed Najimudeen; James Gnanadoss

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 269-272

Abstract
    Osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and occurring frequently in the proximal humerus, tibia, and distal femur. It rarely affects talus. Osteochondroma of talus is a very rare etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS). We report a rare case of extensive osteochondroma ...  Read More

447. Corrective Osteotomy for Intra-Articular Distal Humerus Malunion

Ahmet Kinaci; Geert Buijze; Diederik van Leeuwen; Jesse B. Jupiter; Rene K. Marti; Peter Kloen

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 161-165

Abstract
         Background: An intra-articular distal humerus malunion can be disabling. To improve function, reduce pain and/ or prevent further secondary osteoarthritis an intra-articular corrective osteotomy can be considered. Herein we present the indications, practical guidelines for ...  Read More

448. A Survey on Transfusion Status in Orthopedic Surgery at a Trauma Center

Mehran Soleimanha; mohammad haghighi; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Abbas Sedighinejad; Mohsen Mardani-kivi; Bahram Naderi-nabi; Tahereh Chavoshi; Mehrnoosh Ghandili Mehrnoosh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 70-74

Abstract
    Background: Increased costs and mortality associated with inappropriate blood transfusions have led to investigations about blood request and blood transfusion techniques. We investigated the transfusion status in patients who underwent orthopedic surgery in Poursina Hospital (Rasht, Iran) to ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
449. Surgical Treatment of Tennis Elbow; Minimal Incision Technique

Morteza Nakhaei Amroodi; Ali Mahmuudi; Mostafa Salariyeh; Arash Amiri

Volume 4, Issue 4 , October 2016, , Pages 366-370

Abstract
    Background: When non-operative treatment of tennis elbow fails; a surgical procedure can be performed to improve the associated symptoms. Different surgical techniques for treatment of lateral epicondylitis are prescribed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of surgical ...  Read More

Knee
450. Loosening of Total Knee Arthroplasty after Brucellosis Infection: A Case Report

Mohammad Ali Sazgari; Fateme Bahramian; Fateme Mirzaee; Zohreh Zafarani; Hamid Reza Aslani

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 70-71

Abstract
    In this report we describe a 78-year-old man whose total knee arthroplasty showed the symptoms of infection with brucella with radiographic signs of loosening 5 years after the index surgery. The patient was treated successfully after a 2-stage revision arthroplasty surgery along with using rifampicin ...  Read More