Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) Questionnaire

Document Type : RESEARCH PAPER


Orthopedic Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


To validate the Persian version of the simple shoulder test in patients with shoulder joint problems.
Following Beaton`s guideline, translation and back translation was conducted. We reached to a consensus on the Persian version of SST. To test the face validity in a pilot study, the Persian SST was administered to 20 individuals with shoulder joint conditions. We enrolled 148 consecutive patients with shoulder problem to fill the Persian SST, shoulder specific measure including Oxford shoulder score (OSS) and two general measures including DASH and SF-36. To measure the test-retest reliability, 42 patients were randomly asked to fill the Persian-SST for the second time after one week. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to demonstrate internal consistency over the 12 items of Persian-SST.
ICC for the total questionnaire was 0.61 showing good and acceptable test-retest reliability. ICC for individual items ranged from 0.32 to 0.79. The total Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84 showing good internal consistency over the 12 items of the Persian-SST. Validity testing showed strong correlation between SST and OSS and DASH. The correlation with OSS was positive while with DASH scores was negative. The correlation was also good to strong with all physical and most mental subscales of the SF-36. Correlation coefficient was higher with DASH and OSS in compare to SF-36.
Persian version of SST found to be valid and reliable instrument for shoulder joint pain and function assessment in Iranian population.


Main Subjects

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Volume 4, Issue 4
October 2016
Pages 387-392
  • Receive Date: 10 June 2015
  • Revise Date: 17 September 2016
  • Accept Date: 04 December 2015
  • First Publish Date: 01 October 2016