Hemodynamic and Arterial Blood Gas Parameters during Cemented Hip Hemiarthroplasty in Elderly Patients

Document Type : RESEARCH PAPER


1 Department of Orthopedics, Assistant professor, Guilan University of medical science, Rasht, Iran

2 2. Department of Anesthesiology, Associated professor, Guilan University of medical science, Rasht, Iran

3 associated professor anesthesiology research center guilan university of medical sciences

4 Department of Anesthesiology, Assistant professor, Guilan University of medical science, Rasht, Iran


 Patients undergoing cemented hip hemiarthroplasty may develop bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) which is a leading cause of intraoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular changes during cemented hip hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients.  
 Cemented hip hemiarthroplasty was performed on 72 patients with femoral neck fracture. All patients were catheterized with a radial artery catheter to assess mean arterial pressure (MAP) and arterial blood gas (ABG) in these time points: just before cementation, just after cementation (0th), 5 min (5th) and 10 min (10th ) after cementation, and at the end of surgery (END). Also, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP & DBP), heart rate and any arrhythmia or cardiac arrest was evaluated.
 Seventy-two patients (33 females, 39 males; mean age: 66.8±7 years) were evaluated. All parameters changed during cementation with a significant drop in MAP, SBP, and DBP immediately after cementation and pH and base excess decreased significantly (P<0.001) with no changes in O2 saturation. Mean heart rate rose until the 5th and then decreased dramatically with no bradycardia presentation. During cementation, 12 patients showed arrhythmia, but no cardiac-arrest was observed.  
 Under strict observation of a anesthesiology care team, hemiarthroplasty can be a safe method for femoral neck fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients without severe cardiopulmonary compromise. 


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