Relative Increase in Distal Radius Exposure with Extension of the FCR Approach

Document Type : RESEARCH PAPER


1 The Hand Center of San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas; University of Texas San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA/Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

2 University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA

3 The Hand Center of San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas; University of Texas San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA

4 Division of Hand Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA

5 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA

6 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA



Objectives: Major surgical approaches for volar plating of the distal radius include the standard flexor carpi radialis (FCR) approach, the extended FCR (eFCR) approach, and the extended FCR approach combined with radial-sided carpal tunnel release (eFCR+CTR). The purpose of this study was to determine which of these three surgical approaches offers the greatest exposure and visualization of the distal radius.
Methods: Sequential dissections were performed on each of 30 fresh frozen below elbow cadaveric samples in order to simulate the three surgical approaches for distal radius volar plating, starting with the standard FCR approach, advancing to eFCR, and finishing with eFCR+CTR. Prior to the initial dissection of each cadaveric sample, radiographs were taken in order to calculate the total area of the distal radius. Then, following each sequential dissection, photographs were taken of each specimen and analyzed with an image measuring software in order to obtain the area of distal radius exposed. The percentage of total distal radius exposure was then calculated for each of the three surgical approaches.
Results: The eFCR+CTR approach offered the greatest average distal radius exposure at 87% of total distal radius visualized. The eFCR approach provided the next greatest exposure with an average of 73% visualized, followed by the standard FCR approach with an average of 61% visualized.
Conclusion: The extended FCR approach with radial-sided carpal tunnel release is both safe and efficacious for osteosynthesis of distal radius fractures in the setting of concomitant carpal tunnel syndrome. This study demonstrates that an additional advantage of this approach includes improved surgical exposure and visualization of the distal radius. This surgical approach is a valuable addition to any upper extremity surgeon’s armamentarium and should be considered when treating difficult distal radius fractures.
Level of evidence: V


Main Subjects

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Volume 11, Issue 11
November 2023
Pages 690-695
  • Receive Date: 24 March 2023
  • Revise Date: 02 August 2023
  • Accept Date: 26 August 2023
  • First Publish Date: 30 October 2023