Recent Advances in Orthopedic Surgery for Sports Injuries



Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain


This article reviews the most recent information on the orthopedic surgical treatment of locomotor system injuries in 
various anatomical areas: shoulder, hip, knee and ankle injuries. It summarizes the results of recent major studies 
published in the last three years (2020-2022) on sports injuries of the shoulder, hip, knee and ankle.
Level of evidence: III


1. Boksh K, Haque A, Sharma A, Divall P, Singh H. Use 
of suture tapes versus conventional sutures for 
arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs: a systematic review 
and meta-analysis. Am J Sports Med 2022;50(1):264-
72. doi: 10.1177/0363546521998318.
2. Song A, DeClercq J, Ayers GD, et al. Comparative 
time to improvement in nonoperative and operative 
treatment of rotator cuff tears. J Bone Joint Surg Am 
2020;102(13):1142-50. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.01112.
3. Jeong JY, Kim SJ, Yoon TH, Eum KS, Chun YM. 
Arthroscopic repair of large and massive rotator 
cuff tears: complete repair with aggressive release 
compared with partial repair alone at a minimum 
follow-up of 5 years. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2020; 
102(14):1248-54. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.01014.
4. Lin J, Sun Y, Chen Q, Liu S, Ding Z, Chen J. Outcome 
comparison of graft bridging and superior capsule 
reconstruction for large to massive rotator cuff 
tears: a systematic review. Am J Sports Med. 2020; 
48(11):2828-38. doi: 10.1177/0363546519889040.
5. Yapp LZ, Nicholson JA, Robinson CM. Primary 
arthroscopic stabilization for a first-time anterior 
dislocation of the shoulder: long-term follow-up of a 
randomized, double-blinded trial. J Bone Joint Surg 
Am 2020; 102(6):460-7. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.00858.
6. Aurich M, Hofmann GO, Best N. Clinical outcome and 
return to sports activity after surgical treatment 
for recurrent shoulder instability with a modified 
Latarjet procedure. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021; 
107(5):102977. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2021.102977.
7. MacDonald P, Verhulst F, McRae S, et al. Biceps 
tenodesis versus tenotomy in the treatment of 
lesions of the long head of the biceps tendon in 
patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery: 
a prospective double-blinded randomized controlled 
trial. Am J Sports Med 2020;48(6):1439-49. doi: 
8. Dwyer T, Whelan D, Shah PS, Ajrawat P, Hoit 
G, Chahal J. Operative versus nonoperative 
treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: a metaanalysis of short-term outcomes. 
Arthroscopy 2020; 36(1):263-73. doi: 10.1016/j.
9. Getgood AMJ, Bryant DM, Litchfield R, et al. Lateral 
extra-articular tenodesis reduces failure of hamstring 
tendon autograft anterior cruciate ligament 
reconstruction: 2-year outcomes from the STABILITY 
study randomized clinical trial. Am J Sports Med 2020; 
48(2):285-97. doi: 10.1177/0363546519896333.
10.McRobb J, Kamil KH, Ahmed I, Dhaif F, Metcalfe A. 
Influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) analogues 
on healing and clinical outcomes following anterior 
cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery: a 
systematic review. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2022 
Jan 12. doi: 10.1007/s00590-021-03198-4. Online 
ahead of print.
11.Davey MS, Hurley ET, Withers D, Moran R, Moran 
CJ. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction 
with platelet-rich plasma: a systematic review 
of randomized control trials. Arthroscopy 2020; 
36(4):1204-10. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2019.11.004.
12.Bistolfi A, Capella M, Guidotti C, et al. Functional results 
of allograft vs. autograft tendons in anterior cruciate 
ligament (ACL) reconstruction at 10-year follow-up. 
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021; 31(4):729-35. doi: 
13.Ardizzone CA, Houck DA, McCartney DW, Vidal 
AF, Frank RM. All-inside repair of bucket-handle 
meniscal tears: clinical outcomes and prognostic 
factors. Am J Sports Med. 2020; 48(13):3386-93. doi: 
14.Boesen AP, Boesen MI, Hansen R, et al. Effect of 
platelet-rich plasma on nonsurgically treated acute 
Achilles tendon ruptures: a randomized, doubleblinded prospective study. Am J Sports Med. 2020; 
48(9):2268-76. doi: 10.1177/0363546520922541.
15.Park JY, Kim BS, Kim YM, Cho JH, Choi YR, Kim HN. 
Early weightbearing versus nonweightbearing 
after operative treatment of an ankle fracture: a 
multicenter, noninferiority, randomized controlled 
trial. Am J Sports Med. 2021; 49(10):2689-96. doi: