Rotational Stability of the Knee in a Comparative Study of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the Double-Bundle and Single-Bundle Techniques

Document Type : RESEARCH PAPER


1 Instituto Vita, Sao Paulo, Brazil

2 Instituto Vita, Sao Paulo/SP - Brazil

3 Instituto Vita, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

4 Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andre, Brazil

5 Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia (IOT), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMUSP), Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil


Purpose: The purpsose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical outcomes of patients who underwent ACL reconstruction either with the DB or SB technique. We hypothesized that the DB technique would provide better rotation control of the knee following ACL reconstruction.
Methods: The study included seventy-five participants (26 DB, 22 SB, and 27 healthy volunteers). Only cases with at least one year of postoperative follow-up were included. The participants performed three different demand tasks: walk task, walk and change direction, and stair descent and change direction, which was tracked using a three-dimensional 4-camera optoelectronic system. The following kinematic data were analyzed: tibial rotation amplitude and maximal internal and external rotation. Knees with ACL reconstruction were compared to contralateral knees with intact ACL and healthy knees. Clinical outcomes were determined using the subjective and objective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaire and a manual arthrometer (KT 1000).
Results: Both surgical groups exhibited similar clinical outcomes (mean subjective IKDC 91 SB vs. 90 DB, p=0.815; KT 1000 difference: 2mm in both groups, P = 0.772). The vertical component of the ground force reaction revealed no differences between the surgical and control groups (P > 0.05). Tibial rotation amplitude and maximal internal and external rotation were similar between the control, SB, and DB groups in all three different demand tasks (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: ACL reconstruction using either the SB or DB technique can restore rotational control to the level of a healthy knee. No clinical or functional differences were found between the SB and DB surgical options.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 02 July 2022
  • Receive Date: 06 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 30 May 2022
  • Accept Date: 14 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 02 July 2022