Background:Orthopaedic trauma surgeons believe that nutritional status is important. The primary aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the prevalence and progression of malnourishment in orthopaedic trauma patients and determine when and what labs should be ordered. The secondary aim was to determine if malnourished patients had increased complications. Methods: Prospective cohort study of orthopaedic trauma patients at a Level I trauma center. Assessment of nutritional status over the hospital course was performed using the Rainey MacDonald nutritional index (RMNI) and nutritional laboratory markers on admission, day 3, day 7, and 6 weeks post-op. Results: 98 patients were enrolled and included. On admission, 60%, 41%, and 38% of patients were malnourished based on albumin, prealbumin, and RMNI values, respectively, with 31% in severe acute-phase response (APR) as determined by CRP. By day 3, a significant increase in the percent of malnourished patients was noted based on the laboratory markers, 85%, 90%, and 80%, respectively, with 70% in severe APR. On day 7, values stabilized at 74%, 89%, 69%, with 56% in severe APR. At six weeks, malnourishment persisted in 13%, 19%, and 12% of patients, with 4% in severe APR. Older patients demonstrated a greater depression of nutritional markers throughout the hospital stay. Conclusion: The prevalence of malnourishment, based on serum nutritional markers, in the presence of acute orthopaedic injury is substantial, and it continues to rise during the acute hospital stay. Recommend obtaining prealbumin or albumin levels on hospital day 3 to assess nutritional status. Level of evidence: II
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Reza Firoozabadi; Benjamin Hamilton; Courtney O’Donnell; Julie Agel; Stephen Benirschke; Patricia Kramer; Michael B. Henley B. Henley. "Prospective Study Investigating the Prevalence and Evolution of Malnourishment in the Acute Orthopaedic Trauma Patient". The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 10, 7, 2022, 592-600. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.47718.2341
Firoozabadi, R., Hamilton, B., O’Donnell, C., Agel, J., Benirschke, S., Kramer, P., Henley, M. B. H. (2022). 'Prospective Study Investigating the Prevalence and Evolution of Malnourishment in the Acute Orthopaedic Trauma Patient', The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 10(7), pp. 592-600. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.47718.2341
Firoozabadi, R., Hamilton, B., O’Donnell, C., Agel, J., Benirschke, S., Kramer, P., Henley, M. B. H. Prospective Study Investigating the Prevalence and Evolution of Malnourishment in the Acute Orthopaedic Trauma Patient. The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 2022; 10(7): 592-600. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.47718.2341