Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential effects of insurance payer type on the postoperative outcomes following revision TJA. Methods: A single-institution database was utilized to identify 4,302 consecutive revision THA and TKA. Patient demographics and indications for revision were collected and compared based on patient insurance payer type: (1) Medicaid, (2) Medicare, and (3) private. Propensity score matching and, subsequent, multivariate regression analyses were applied to control for baseline differences between payer groups. Outcomes of interest were rates of complications occurring perioperatively and 90 days post-discharge. Results: After propensity-score-based matching, a total of 2,328 patients remained for further multivariate regression analyses (300 [12.9%] Medicaid, 1022 [43.9%] Medicare, 1006 [43.2%] private). Compared to privately insured patients, Medicaid and Medicare patients had 71% (P<0.01) and 53% (P=0.03) increased odds, respectively, for developing an in-hospital complication. At 90 days post-discharge, compared to privately insured patients, Medicaid and Medicare patients had 88% and 43% odds, respectively, for developing overall major complications. Conclusion: Our propensity-score-matched cohort study found that, compared to privately insured patients, patients with government-sponsored insurance were at an increased risk for developing both major or minor complications perioperatively and at 90-days post-discharge for revision TJA. This suggests that insurance payer type is an independent risk factor for poor outcomes following revision TJA. Level of evidence: III
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Tirumala, V., Klemt, C., Esposito, J. G., Robinson, M. G., Barghi, A., & Young-Min, K. (2022). Insurance Payer Type Affects Outcomes after Revision Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Analysis. The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 10(4), 328-338. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.56165.2792
Venkatsaiakhil Tirumala; Christian Klemt; John G. Esposito; Matthew G. Robinson; Ameen Barghi; Kwon Young-Min. "Insurance Payer Type Affects Outcomes after Revision Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Analysis". The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 10, 4, 2022, 328-338. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.56165.2792
Tirumala, V., Klemt, C., Esposito, J. G., Robinson, M. G., Barghi, A., Young-Min, K. (2022). 'Insurance Payer Type Affects Outcomes after Revision Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Analysis', The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 10(4), pp. 328-338. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.56165.2792
Tirumala, V., Klemt, C., Esposito, J. G., Robinson, M. G., Barghi, A., Young-Min, K. Insurance Payer Type Affects Outcomes after Revision Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Analysis. The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 2022; 10(4): 328-338. doi: 10.22038/abjs.2021.56165.2792