1 . Sethi PM, Brameier DT, Mandava NK, Miller SR. Liposomal bupivacaine reduces opiate consumption after rotator cuff repair in a randomized controlled trial. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2019 May;28(5):819–27 .
2 . Syed UAM, Aleem AW, Wowkanech C, Weekes D, Freedman M, Tjoumakaris F, et al. Neer Award 2018: the effect of preoperative education on opioid consumption in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: a prospective, randomized clinical trial. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2018 Jun;27(6):962–7 .
3 . Hah JM, Sturgeon JA, Zocca J, Sharifzadeh Y, Mackey SC. Factors associated with prescription opioid misuse in a cross-sectional cohort of patients with chronic non-cancer pain. J Pain Res. 2017 May 3;10:979–87 .
4 . Manchikanti L, Giordano J, Boswell MV, Fellows B, Manchukonda R, Pampati V. Psychological factors as predictors of opioid abuse and illicit drug use in chronic pain patients. J Opioid Manag. 2007 Apr;3(2):89–100 .
5 . Clarke H, Soneji N, Ko DT, Yun L, Wijeysundera DN. Rates and risk factors for prolonged opioid use after major surgery: population based cohort study. BMJ. 2014 Feb 11;348:g1251 .
6 . Stark N, Kerr S, Stevens J. Prevalence and predictors of persistent post-surgical opioid use: a prospective observational cohort study. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2017;45(6):700–6 .
7 . Sun EC, Darnall BD, Baker LC, Mackey S. Incidence of and Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Use Among Opioid-Naive Patients in the Postoperative Period. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 01;176(9):1286–93 .
8 . Butler SF, Budman SH, Fernandez K, Jamison RN. Validation of a screener and opioid assessment measure for patients with chronic pain. Pain. 2004 Nov;112(1–2):65–75 .
9 . Jones T, Lookatch S, Moore T. Validation of a new risk assessment tool: the Brief Risk Questionnaire. J Opioid Manag. 2015 Apr;11(2):171–83 .
10 . Webster LR, Webster RM. Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: preliminary validation of the Opioid Risk Tool. Pain Med. 2005 Dec;6(6):432–42 .
11 . Jones T, Moore T, Levy JL, Daffron S, Browder JH, Allen L, et al. A comparison of various risk screening methods in predicting discharge from opioid treatment. Clin J Pain. 2012 Feb;28(2):93–100 .
12 . Moore TM, Jones T, Browder JH, Daffron S, Passik SD. A comparison of common screening methods for predicting aberrant drug-related behavior among patients receiving opioids for chronic pain management. Pain Med. 2009 Nov;10(8):1426–33 .
13 . Dowell D, Haegerich TM, Chou R. CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain - United States, 2016. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016 Mar 18;65(1):1–49 .
14 . Weekes DG, Feldman JA, Campbell RE, DeFrance M, Tjoumakaris FP, Austin L. The Incidence of Chronic Opioid Use Following Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair and Patient Opioid Education. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019 Jul;7(7_suppl5):2325967119S0025 .
15 . Williams BT, Redlich NJ, Mickschl DJ, Grindel SI. Influence of preoperative opioid use on postoperative outcomes and opioid use after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2019 Mar;28(3):453–60 .
16 . National Academies of Sciences E, Division H and M, Policy B on HS, Abuse C on PM and RS to APO, Phillips JK, Ford MA, et al. Trends in Opioid Use, Harms, and Treatment [Internet]. National Academies Press (US); 2017 [cited 2020 Jan 25]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK458661/