ISKAST; the Way We Have Made and Upfront



Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rasool Akram University Hospital, Tehran, Iran


Japanese orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Masaki Watanabe, established himself as the “father of modern and interventional arthroscopy” by developing sophisticated endoscopic instruments, using electronics and optics, which became popular in Japan in the post–World War II (1). Before him, Professor Kenji Takagi in Tokyo has traditionally been credited with performing the first arthroscopic examination of a knee joint, in 1919. He used a 7.3 mm cystoscope for his first knee
arthroscopies (2). In 1969, Dr. Richard O’Connor visited and studied with Watanabe. Then he popularized knee arthroscopy in United State in 1960-70s (3). Dr. Heshmat Shahriaree began experimenting with ways to excise fragments of menisci (4)...


1. Watanabe M. History arthroscopic surgery. In: Crane
L, editor. O’Connor’s Textbook of arthroscopic surgery.
1st ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 1983.
2. Jackson RW. Memories of the early days of arthroscopy:
1965-1975. The formative years. Arthroscopy. 1987;
3. Alfred Rives Shands, Jr., M.D. 1899-1981. J Bone Jt
Surg Am. 1982; 64(2):314-5.
4. Metcalf RW. A decade of arthroscopic surgery: AANA
presidential address. Arthroscopy. 1985; 1(4):221-5.
5. Afshar A, Ziaei ME, Ahmadi A. Doctor Shoja-ad-Din
Sheikholeslamzadeh and his Achievements. Arch
Bone Jt Surg. 2015; 3(1):3-8.
6. Shahriarree M, O’Connor RD. Arthroscopic surgery.