General Orthopedics
1. The Role of Gene Therapy in Cartilage Repair

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN; Leonard A. Valentino

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 79-90

  The key principle of gene delivery to articulations by direct intra-articular injection is to release complementary DNA(cDNA)-encoding medical products that will lead to maintained, endogenous production of the gene products withinthe articulation. In fact, this has been accomplished for both in vivo ...  Read More

2. Clinical Outcomes of Open versus Arthroscopic Surgery for Lateral Epicondylitis, Evidence from a Systematic Review

Ali Moradi; Pouria Pasdar; Hasan Mehrad Majd; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 91-104

  Background: Lateral epicondylitis (LE) also known as tennis elbow is a common disease of middle-aged population.Surgery is a treatment of choice in patients not responded to the conservative management. Open and arthroscopicrelease are the two main choices for LE surgery; however, an overall consensus ...  Read More

3. Precontoured Locking Plate Treatment in Mid-Shaft Clavicle Fractures: Outcomes and Complications with a Minimun of 2- Years Follow up

Juan Martìn Patiño; Alejandro Felix Rullan Corna; Alejandro Emilio Michelini; Ignacio Abdon; Sandra Denise Hochbaum; Fernando Zicovich Wilson

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 105-111

  Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional outcome and complications with a long term followup (minimum of 2 years post-operative) in patients with mid-shaft clavicle fractures treated with precontoured lockingplates.Methods: We included 41 patients. Goniometric measurement of shoulder ...  Read More

Orthotics & Prosthetics
4. Long-term Outcomes after Primary Radial Head Resection Arthroplasty vs. Acute Radial Head Resection vs. Secondary Prosthetic Removal in Comminuted Radial Head Fractures

Martin Kiechle; Andreas Thannheimer; Sven Hungerer; Jan Friederichs; Volker Bühren; Christian Von Rüden

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 112-117

  Background: Aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological long-term outcomes following operativetreatment of comminuted radial head fractures using 1) primary radial head resection arthroplasty, 2) acute radial headresection, or 3) necessary secondary prosthetic removal. Additionally, ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
5. Do Patient Preferences Influence Surgeon Recommendations for Treatment?

Lisanne J. H. Smits; Suzanne C. Wilkens; David Ring; Thierry G. Guitton; Neal C. Chen

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 118-135

  Background: When the best treatment option is uncertain, a patient’s preference based on personal values should bethe source of most variation in diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Unexplained surgeon-to-surgeon variation intreatment for hand and upper extremity conditions suggests that ...  Read More

6. Physician Rating Websites: an Analysis of Physician Evaluation and Physician Perception

Usman A. Syed; Daniel Acevedo; Alexa C. Narzikul; Wade Coomer; Pedro K. Beredjiklian; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 136-142

  Background: The goal of this study was to evaluate current physician ratings websites (PRWs) to determine whichfactors correlated to higher physician scores and evaluate physician perspective of PRWs.Methods: This study evaluated two popular websites, and, to gather information ...  Read More

7. Acromion Clavicular Joint Reconstruction with LARS Ligament in Acute Dislocation

Alessandro Geraci; Alberto Ricciardi; Isabella Monia Montagner; Dario Pilla; Lawrece Camarda; Antonio D’Arienzo; Michele D’arienzo

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 143-150

  Background: The acromion clavicular joint dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder. The severity is dependentupon the degree of ligamentous injury. Surgical treatment is typically performed in higher grade acromioclavicularseparation with several static and dynamic operative procedures with or ...  Read More

8. Evaluating Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis: The Relative Impact of Patient Age, Activity Level, Symptoms, and Kellgren-Lawrence Grade on Treatment

Adam Schumaier; Joseph Abboud; Brian Grawe; J. Gabriel Horneff; Charles Getz; Gerald Williams; Matthew Ramsey; Surena Namdari; Anthony Romeo; Gregory Nicholson; Jay Keener; Richard Friedman; Ed Yian; Stephanie Muh; Ruth Delaney; Randall Otto; William Levine; JT Tokish; Jack Kazanjian; Joshua Dines; Andrew Green; Scott Paxton; Brody Flanagin; Samer Hasan; Scott Kaar; Anthony Miniaci; Frances Cuomo

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 151-160

  Background: It is not always clear how to treat glenohumeral osteoarthritis, particularly in young patients. The goals ofthis study were to 1) quantify how patient age, activity level, symptoms, and radiographic findings impact the decisionmakingof shoulder specialists and 2) evaluate the observer reliability ...  Read More

9. Short Term Complications and Functional Results of Sarcoma Limb Salvage Surgeries

Mohammad Ghareh Daghi; Mohammad Hassani; Ali Parsa; Farzad Omidi-Kashani; Lida Jarahi; rahim hosseini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 161-167

  Background: Limb salvaging surgeries are current surgical treatment of extremity bone sarcomas. Resected bonereplacement consists of two main methods; tumor prosthesis versus structural allograft. Biological reconstruction withan allograft is an economic cheap method in young sarcoma patients, however, ...  Read More

10. Diagnostic Value of Ischial Spine Sign in Patients with Acetabular Retroversion

Mohamad Qoreishy; Hamid R.S. Hosseinzadeh; Ali Keipourfard; Arya Shoghli

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 168-172

  Background: Acetabular Retroversion (AR) is a hip disorder and one of the causes of pain in this area. Evaluationof positive Cross Over Sign (COS) on AP X-Rays of the hip is currently the best method of diagnosis of AR. Severalstudies have measured co-existence of Ischial Spine Sign (ISS) in patients ...  Read More

11. Translation and Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Oxford Non-technical Skills 2 System: Assessment of Surgical Teams’ Non-technical Skills in Orthopedic Surgery Wards

Reza Kalantari; Ahmad Zanjirani Farahani; Ehsan Garosi; Hamze Badeli; Jamshid Jamali

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 173-181

  Background: Non-technical skills are interpersonal and cognitive skills involved in safe performance and preventingadverse events during surgery. it is necessary to dominate the non-technical skills to ensure patient safety. This studyhas aimed to assess the validity and reliability of Oxford Non-technical ...  Read More

12. Histomorphometric Analysis of Newly-formed Bone Using Octacalcium Phosphate and Bone Matrix Gelatin in Rat Tibial Defects

Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval; Mohamad R. Arab; Narjes Sargolzaei; Sanam Barfroushan; Mohsen Mir; Gholam Hossein Sargazi; Forough Sargolzaei Aval; Maryam Arab

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 182-190

  Background: Repair of bone defects is challenging for reconstructive and orthopedic surgeons. In this study, we aimedto histomorphometrically assess new bone formation in tibial bone defects filled with octacalcium phosphate (OCP),bone matrix gelatin (BMG), and a combination of both.Methods: A total ...  Read More

13. The Use of Eponyms for Surgical Approaches and Fractures in Elbow Surgery: Accuracy and Reliability Pre- and Post-Training

Jetske Viveen; Matthijs P. Somford; Koen L.M. Koenraadt; Michel P. J. van den Bekerom; Denise Eygendaal; Inger B. Schipper; Job N. Doornberg

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 191-198

  The use of eponymous terms in orthopedic trauma surgery is common. In an assessment pre-training versus posttrainingat an AO Advanced Elbow Trauma Course, we aimed to report on (1) the accuracy and (2) reliability of 10common eponymous terms used for surgical approaches and fractures in elbow surgery. ...  Read More

14. Fetal Rhabdomyoma of the upper Extremity in a 31- Year Old Patient: a Case Report

Georg Hauer; Jörg Friesenbichler; Franz Gollowitsch; Andreas Leithner; Lukas A. Holzer

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 199-202

  Fetal rhabdomyomas (RM) are extremely rare benign mesenchymal tumours that occur primarily in the head and neck.This tumour exhibits immature skeletal muscle differentiation. The patients’ median age is four years and surgical resectionis the recommended treatment.Fetal RM of limbs are rare and ...  Read More

15. Treatment of an Insertional High Grade Partial Patellar Tendon Tear Utilizing a Bio-Inductive Implant

Sean Mc Millan; DO FAOAO; Elizabeth Ford

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 203-208

  The management of recalcitrant patellar tendinopathies in the athletic population can be vexing to both the surgeonand patient. To date the majority of treatments for this disease pathology are non-surgical in nature. When surgicalintervention is required, open debridement and/or tendon take-down with ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
16. How Much Bone Cement Is Utilized for Component Fixation in Primary Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Aditya V. Maheshwari; Neil V. Shah

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, Pages 209-210

  Dear Editor, We read with great interest the timely study by Satish et al., How Much Bone Cement Is Utilized for Component Fixation in Primary Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty? (1). We applaud the authors, yet we hope they can clarify some points to make this study more applicable to a wider population.  Read More