1. An Unusual Case of a Large Hematorrachis Associated with Multi-Level Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures; a Case Report

T.V. Ravi Kumar; Daksh Gadi; Rao Raghavendra; Joseph Vinay Mathew

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 134-136

Abstract
  Spinal epidural haemorrhage may present as back pain associated with radicular symptoms and can be a catastrophic clinical scenario with progression to paraplegia or even sudden death. Being a rare entity, it needs a high index ofclinical suspicion to diagnose it. Fractures have been documented as a ...  Read More

2. Epidemiology of Hand Injuries in Children Presenting to an Orthopedic Trauma Center in Southeast of Iran

Maryam Mirzaie; Ali Parsa; Maryam Salehi; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mostafa Dahmardehei; Neda Mirzaie

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 225-231

Abstract
  Background:  Hand injuries are among the most common childhood injuries. No study has been performed regarding the epidemiology of hand injuries in the pediatric population of Iran. This study aimed to examine the epidemiology of hand injuries among children in southeast of Iran.   ...  Read More

3. Developing an Appropriateness Criteria for Knee MRI Using the Rand Appropriateness Method (RAM)-2013

Hossein Ebrahimipour; Seyedeh Zahra Mirfeizi; Ali Vafaee Najar; Amir Reza Kachooei; Amir Shahriar Ariamanesh; Reza Ganji; Habibollah Esmaeeli; Hedayat Salari; Marjan Vejdani

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 47-51

Abstract
    Background: Knee pain is one of the most common reasons patients visit their physician. In this regard Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the tool of preference for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine appropriate guidelines for knee MRI administration using the RAND Appropriateness ...  Read More

4. Chronic Low Back Pain due to Retroperitoneal Cystic Lymphangioma

Asieh Sadat Fattahi; Godratollah Maddah; Mohammad Motamedolshariati; Taghi Ghiasi–Moghadam

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 72-74

Abstract
    Abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign neoplasm. Less than 1% of lymphangiomas is in the retroperitoneum. Lymphangioma is mostly asymptomatic. Chronic symptoms were reported in retroperitoneal type more than others. Acute symptoms due to complications like infection, cyst rupture or hemorrhage ...  Read More

5. Repair of Minor Tissue Defect in Hand by Transfer of Free Tissue Flap from the Toe

Haitao Tan; Xiang Luo; Keqin Yang; Jianzhong Jiang; Pingou Wei; Jinming Zhao

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 11-16

Abstract
  Background:   To introduce our experience of using the free neurovascular flap from great and second toe. Methods:   Thirteen patients (fifteen fingers) sought surgical treatment for soft tissue defects of the hand at our medical institutin between March 2006 and September 2009. In two patients, ...  Read More

6. Analgesic Effect of Gabapentin on Post-Operative Pain After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Mario I. Ortiz; Luis C. Romero-Quezada

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 82-83

Abstract
  To the Editor Mardani-Kivi et al presented results about a triple blinded randomized controlled trial with gabapentin in patients that underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (1). In their manuscript, the introduction section is very illustrative about the subject. With respect to methodology, ...  Read More

7. Effects of Valproic Acid on Axonal Regeneration and Recovery of Motor Function after Peripheral Nerve Injury in the Rat

Ting Rao; Fei Wu; Danmou Xing; Zhengren Peng; Dong Ren; Wei Feng; Yan Chen; Zhiming Zhao; Huan Wang; Junweng Wang; Wusheng Kan; Qingsong Zhang

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 17-24

Abstract
  Background:   Valproic acid (VPA) is used to be an effective anti-epileptic drug and mood stabilizer. It has recently been demonstrated that VPA could promote neurite outgrowth, activate the extracellular signal regulated kinase pathway, and increases bcl-2 and growth cone-associated protein 43 ...  Read More

8. Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Pain in Knee Arthroscopic Surgery; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Mohammad Alipour; Masoomeh Tabari; Reza Farhadifaz; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Maryam Salehi; Seyed Mostafa Moosavitekye

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 52-56

Abstract
  knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention ...  Read More

9. Early Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Remplissages in Patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability with Engaging Hill-Sachs Lesion in Iran

Hamid Reza Aslani; Zohreh Zafarani; Adel Ebrahimpour; Shahin Salehi; Ali Moradi; Soheil Sabzevari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Background:   To assess the outcome of the remplissage arthroscopic surgical method in patients with anterior shoulder dislocation associated with Hill-Sachs lesion.     Methods:   Ten patients with anterior shoulder dislocations and Hill-Sachs lesions were entered into this study ...  Read More

10. Injuries Associated with Femoral Shaft Fractures with Special Emphasis on Occult Injuries

E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan; Luis Moraleda; Primitivo Gomez-Cardero

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 59-63

Abstract
    Background: Fractures of the femoral shaft are mostly the result of high-energy accidents that also cause multiple trauma injuries, in particular ipsilateral knee and hip injuries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of injuries associated with femoral shaft fractures and ...  Read More

11. The Relationship Between Morphology of Lumbar Disc Herniation and MRI Changes in Adjacent Vertebral Bodies

Hamed Reyhani Kermani; Ehsan Keykhosravi; Masoud Mirkazemi; Mohammad Reza Ehsaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 82-85

Abstract
    Background: Intervertebral disc herniation has two common types, extrusion and protrusion, which may affect the adjacent vertebrae.In addition, it is associated with significant signal changes in T1 MRI (short TR/TE) and T2 MRI (long TR/TE).   Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional ...  Read More

12. Treatment of Pediatric Open Femoral Fractures with External Fixator Versus Flexible Intramedullary Nails

Hossein Aslani; Ali Tabrizi; Ali Sadighi; Ahmad R Mirbolook

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 64-67

Abstract
    Background: In children, inappropriate treatment of open femoral fractures may induce several complications. A few studies have compared the external fixator with flexible intramedullary nails in high-grade open femoral fractures of children. The present study aims at comparing results of these ...  Read More

13. Skeletal Tuberculosis Presenting as a Small Cystic Lesion in the Medial Femoral Condyle

Asghar Elmi; Ali Tabrizi; Fardin Mirza Tolouei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 112-115

Abstract
    Skeletal tuberculosis is an unusual disease involving bone and joints and it may have different manifestations. This report introduces a 25-year-old woman suffering from chronic knee pain without any response to conservative treatments for one year. X-ray was normal but CT-scan and MRI indicated ...  Read More

14. Osseous Tumours of the Hand: A Review of 99 Cases in 20 Years

Mahmoud Farzan; Parviz Ahangar; Hamed Mazoochy; Mohammad Vahedian Ardakani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 68-73

Abstract
    Background: Tumors involving the hand skeleton are rare. However, a basic knowledge of hand tumors is necessary for every clinician. This is due to the importance of distinguishing typical benign tumors from life or limb threatening malignant ones. Methods: This study is a review of 99 cases of ...  Read More

15. Trans-Scaphoid Perilunate Fracture-Dislocation and Isolated Perilunate Dislocations; Surgical Versus Non Surgical Treatment

Farshid Bagheri; Mohhamad H Taraz Jamshidi; Ali Birjandinejad; Seyyed Reza Sharifi Daloei; Masoud Mirkazemi; Meysam Fathi Choghadeh; Maryam Asadian; Hasan Rahimi Shorin

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 74-77

Abstract
    Background: Trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture-dislocation and perilunate dislocations are among uncommon injuries, most commonly seen in young patients due to high energy trauma. The treatment can be achieved either surgically by open reduc tion and internal fixation or closed reduction and casting. ...  Read More

16. Migration of a Broken Steinman Pin into the Posterior Compartment of the Leg 12 Years after Total Hip Arthroplasty

Ali Birjandi Nejad; Mohammad Kaveh; Amir Reza Fatehi; Hami Ashraf; Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Reza Shiravani

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 35-37

Abstract
  This report is on a migration of a Steinman pin into the posterior com Department of the calf. It was used to fix a greater trochanteric osteotomy in a total hip arthroplasty. The puzzling note is how this metal piece passed through the anterolateral compartment of the thigh to the posterior compartment ...  Read More

17. Is Gabapentin Effective on Pain Management after Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruc tion? A Triple Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

Mohsen Mrdani Kivi; Mohammad Karimi Mobarakeh; Sohrab Keyhani; Keyvan Hashemi Motlagh; Khashayar sahab Ekhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Background: Acute pain is common after arthroscopic surgeries and it is one of the most important causes of patient dissatisfaction, admission time and increased morbidity . Gabapentin with anti-hyperalgesic effects can play a critical role in pre-emptive analgesia methods. The aim of this study was ...  Read More

18. Comparison of Intertrochanteric Fracture Fixation with Dynamic Hip Screw and Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty Techniques

Mohammad Emami; Ali Reza Manafi; Behroz Hashemi; Ali Nemati; Saeed Safari

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 14-17

Abstract
  Background: At present, there is no consensus on an appropriate treatment modality for intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly with background diseases. The aim of the present study was to compare treatment outcomes of intertrochanteric fractures reduced with dynamic hip screws (DHS) and bipolar hemiarthroplasty ...  Read More