General Orthopedics
1. Hemophilic Pseudotumors: Diagnosis and Management

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 121-130

Abstract
  Prevention is essential for avoiding the complications of muscle hematomas (pseudotumors, compartment syndromesand peripheral nerve lesions) in hemophilic patients. This is achieved through early diagnosis of muscle hematomasand proper long-term hematological treatment until they have resolved (confirmed ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
2. Measurement Properties of the Brief Pain Inventory- Short Form (BPI-SF) and the Revised Short McGill Pain Questionnaire-Version-2 (SF-MPQ-2) in Painrelated Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Systematic Review Protocol

Samuel Jumbo; Joy MacDermid; Michael E. Kalu; Tara L. Packham; George S. Athwal; Kenneth J. Faber

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 131-141

Abstract
  Background: The Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) and Revised Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire Version-2(SF-MPQ-2) are generic pain assessment tools used in research and practice for pain assessment in musculoskeletal(MSK) conditions. A comprehensive review that systematically analyses their ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
3. The Continued Utility and Viability of Dakin’s Solution in Both High- and Low-resource Settings

Taylor D. Ottesen; Rameez A. Qudsi; Alexis K. Kahanu; Belychagard Jean Baptiste; Pierre Marie Woolley; Adrienne R. Socci; George S.M. Dyer

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 198-203

Abstract
  Healthcare is expensive and often inaccessible to many. As a result, surgeons must consider simple, less expensiveinterventions when possible. For wound care, an older but quite effective cleaning agent is Dakin’s solution (0.5%sodium hypochlorite), an easily made mixture of 100 milliliters (ml) ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
4. A Preliminary Investigation of Cast Anxiety in General Orthopaedic Practice

Carlo Ross; Mohamad Alqubaisi; Anand Pillai

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 44-49

Abstract
  Background: Anxiety following casting is an unrecognised complication that results in frequent visits to fracture clinic in the UK. There is a paucity of research regarding this complication. Failure to recognise Cast Anxiety (CA) leads to increased visits, frequent cast changes and possible ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
5. Various Surgical Treatment of Hemophilic Pseudotumor : A Case Series

Achmad Fauzi Kamal; Agus Waryudi; Aryadi Kurniawan; Anna Mira Lubis; Djayadiman Gatot

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 514-522

Abstract
  Background: Bleeding episodes in severe hemophilia may occur more frequently and spontaneously after mildtrauma or daily activities. An inadequate treatment of that bleeding in hemophilia may result in pseudotumor,usually in the muscle adjacent to the bone. We reported haemophilic pseudotumor treated ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
6. Unapproved Weight Gain Supplement as a Cause of Avascular Necrosis: A Cautionary Report

S. M. Javad Mortazavi; Alireza Moharrami; Hosein Shafiei; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Mehdi Karimi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 561-565

Abstract
  Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) is a leading cause of end-stage joint disease in the young populationthat can lead to total hip replacement in early life. There are various risk factors, including trauma, corticosteroids,thrombosis, hypertension, and alcohol. There is a growing number ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
7. What Predicts Outstanding Orthopedic Residents among the Program?

Femke M.A.P. Claessen; Reinier B. Beks; Ilse Schol; George S. Dyer

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 478-483

Abstract
  Background: An oversupply of qualified applicants leads to intense competition for the limited number offirst year orthopedic residency positions. Therefore, program directors can be more selective in choosingtheir future residents. However, it is unclear if there are resident characteristics that correspond ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
8. Reality of Misconduct in Iranian Orthopedic Publications

Ali Tabrizi; Seyed Amir Mahlisha Kazemi Shishavan

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 474-475

Abstract
  Fake and misconducted scientific articles are misleading the researchers; it can also impose a huge cost on the academic centers and health system. Finally invalidated published research may give rise to incorrect treatment guidelines that may harm the patients. Based on our search in retraction watch ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
9. Improvement of Orthopedic Residency Programs and Diversity: Dilemmas and Challenges, an International Perspective

Hangama C. Fayaz; Raymond M. Smith; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Hans-Christoph Pape; Javad Parvizi; Khaled J. Saleh; Jens-Peter Stahl; Johannes Zeichen; James F. Kellam; SM Javad Mortazavi; Ashok Rajgopal; Vivek Dahiya; Wolfgang Zinser; Leonid Reznik; Igor Shubnyakov; Marco Pecina; Jupiter B. Jesse

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 384-396

Abstract
  Background: To date, little has been published comparing the structure and requirements of orthopedic training programsacross multiple countries. The goal of this study was to summarize and compare the characteristics of orthopedic trainingprograms in the U.S.A., U.K., Canada, Australia, Germany, India, ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
10. Percutaneous Versus Open Hamstring Lengthening in Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy

Javad Khaje Mozafari; Karim Pisoudeh; kaveh Gharanizadeh; Mansour Abolghasemian

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 373-378

Abstract
  Background: Open hamstring lengthening (oHSL) is commonly performed to decrease knee contracture and improvegait and posture for children with spastic diplegia. Furthermore, percutaneous hamstring lengthening (pHSL) is alsogaining popularity as an alternative to the open approach. This study aimed to ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
11. Effectiveness of Methylene Blue in the Prevention of Stifle Joint Arthrofibrosis in Rabbit Models

Hamid Namazi; Mohammad J. Emami; Fatemeh Dehghani Nazhvani; Ali Dehghani Nazhvani; Zeinab Kargarshouroki

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, , Pages 269-277

Abstract
  Background: One of the major challenges in orthopedic surgery is the prevention of arthrofibrosis, which can besuccessfully alleviated in its early stages. Many studies suggest the administration of methylene blue (MB) as anaccessible and effective agent for the prevention of post-operation adhesions. ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
12. The Role of Gene Therapy in Cartilage Repair

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN; Leonard A. Valentino

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, , Pages 79-90

Abstract
  The key principle of gene delivery to articulations by direct intra-articular injection is to release complementary DNA(cDNA)-encoding medical products that will lead to maintained, endogenous production of the gene products withinthe articulation. In fact, this has been accomplished for both in vivo ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
13. Do Patient Preferences Influence Surgeon Recommendations for Treatment?

Lisanne J. H. Smits; Suzanne C. Wilkens; David Ring; Thierry G. Guitton; Neal C. Chen

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, , Pages 118-135

Abstract
  Background: When the best treatment option is uncertain, a patient’s preference based on personal values should bethe source of most variation in diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Unexplained surgeon-to-surgeon variation intreatment for hand and upper extremity conditions suggests that ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
14. What´s New in Orthopedic Surgery for People with Hemophilia

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 6, Issue 3 , May 2018, , Pages 157-160

Abstract
  Modern orthopedic surgery can improve the musculoskeletal problems of people with hemophilia. The most commonly affected joints are the knees, the ankles and the elbows. The most common orthopedic procedures that PWH undergo are the following: RS, arthroscopic synovectomy, arthroscopic joint debridement, ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
15. Evaluation of Bone Mineral Density in Perimenopausal Period

Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi; Hamid Etemad Rezaie; Nasrin Milani; Farnaz Etemadrezaee; Ali Etemad Rezaie

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 57-62

Abstract
  Background: The menopausal transition called perimenopause, happens after the reproductive years, and isspecified with irregular menstrual cycles, perimenopause symptoms and hormonal changes. Women going throughperi menopausal period are vulnerable to bone loss.Osteoporosis is one of the most common ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
16. Epidemiology of Joint Dislocations and Ligamentous/ Tendinous Injuries among 2,700 Patients: Five-year Trend of a Tertiary Center in Iran

Mohammad H. Nabian; Shayan Abdollah Zadegan; Leila Oryadi Zanjani; Saeed R. Mehrpour

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 426-434

Abstract
  Background: The epidemiology of traumatic dislocations and ligamentous/tendinous injuries is poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of various dislocations and ligamentous/tendinous injuries in a tertiary orthopedic hospital in Iran. Methods: Musculoskeletal ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
17. Level of Evidence in the Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery Journal

Ali Parsa; Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad H.

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 347-350

Abstract
  Introduction: In the field of orthopedic surgery, highly impact journals like Journal of Bone and Surgery (JBJS-Am) and Clinical orthopedics and Related Research (CORR) publishing the LOE for their manuscript. JBJS-Am started to publish the level of evidence (LOE) for all manuscript since 2013. Results:310 ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
18. Effects of Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells and Platelet-rich Plasma on Healing Response of Canine Alveolar Surgical Bone Defects

Reyhaneh Shafieian; Maryam Moghadam Matin; Amin Rahpeyma; Alireza Fazel; Hamideh Salari Sedigh; Ariane Sadr-Nabavi; Halimeh Hassanzadeh; Alireza Ebrahimzadeh-Bideskan

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 406-418

Abstract
  Background: Due to the known disadvantages of autologous bone grafting, tissue engineering approaches have become an attractive method for ridge augmentation in dentistry. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted to evaluate the potential therapeutic capacity of PRP-assisted hADSCs ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
19. First Use of a Brief 60-second Mindfulness Exercise in an Orthopedic Surgical Practice; Results from a Pilot Study

Emma Chad-Friedman; Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei; David Ring; Ana-Maria Vranceanu

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 400-405

Abstract
  Background: Mindfulness based interventions may be useful for patients with musculoskeletal conditions in orthopedic surgical practices as adjuncts to medical procedures or alternatives to pain medications. However, typical mindfulness programs are lengthy and impractical in busy surgical practices. ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
20. Important Lessons Learned From Nearly a Half-Century of Orthopedic Practice

Andrew N. Fleischman; Richard H. Rothman

Volume 5, Issue 4 , July 2017, , Pages 206-207

Abstract
  “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” [1]. The famous quote from Hispanic American philosopher George Santayana reminds us of the critical importance of constantly reflecting on the most important lessons garnered from both our own personal experiences and those ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
21. Is It “Fractured” or “Broken”? A Patient Survey Study to Assess Injury Comprehension after Orthopedic Trauma

Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini; Matthew D. Riedel; Tyler A. Gonzalez; Poopak Hafezi; John Y. Kwon

Volume 5, Issue 4 , July 2017, , Pages 235-242

Abstract
  the bone is “fractured” or “broken”. While orthopaedic surgeons consider these terms synonymous, patients appear tocomprehend the terms as having different meanings. Given the commonality of this frequently posed question, it may beimportant for providers to assess patients’ ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
22. A Comparison of Patients Absorption Doses with Bone Deformity Due to the EOS Imaging and Digital Radiology

Seyed Mohammad J. Abrisham; Fathollah Bouzarjomehri; Reza Nafisi-Moghadam; Mohammad R. Sobhan; Mahdie Gadimi; Fereshte Omidvar

Volume 5, Issue 3 , May 2017, , Pages 145-148

Abstract
    Background: This study has aimed to measure the patient dose in entire spine radiography by EOS system in comparison with the digital radiography. Methods: EOS stereo-radiography was used for frontal and lateral view spine imaging in 41 patients in a prospective analytical study. A calibrated ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
23. Patient Complaints Emphasize Non-Technical Aspects of Care at a Tertiary Referral Hospital

John King; Pim Van Dijk; Celeste Overbeek; Michiel Hageman; David Ring

Volume 5, Issue 2 , March 2017, , Pages 74-81

Abstract
  Background:Patient concerns represent opportunities for improvement in orthopaedic care. Thisstudy’s objectiveis to identify the nature and prevalence of unsolicited patient complaints regarding orthopaedic care ata tertiary referral hospital. The primary null hypothesis that there are no demographic ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
24. Use of Hardware Battery Drill in Orthopedic Surgery

Bhava R.J. Satish; Masood Shahdi; Duddupudi Ramarao; Atmakuri V. Ranganadham; Sundaresan Kalamegam

Volume 5, Issue 2 , March 2017, , Pages 114-116

Abstract
  Among the power drills ( Electrical/ Pneumatic/Battery ) used in Orthopedic surgery, battery drill has got several advantages. Surgeons in low resource settings could not routinely use Orthopedic battery drills (OBD) due to the prohibitive cost of good drills or poor quality of other drills. “Hardware” ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
25. Relationship between Bone Mineral Density and Serum Vitamin D with Low Energy Hip and Distal Radius Fractures: A Case-Control Study

Mohammad Ali Tahririan; Mehdi Motififard; Ali Omidian; Hossein Akbari Aghdam; Amir Esmaeali

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 22-27

Abstract
    Background: The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between serum vitamin D and the status of bone mineral density in patients with low-energy hip and distal radius fracture. Methods: This retrospective case-control study was performed between January 2013 and January ...  Read More