1. Do Antibiotic Beads Need to be Removed>

Navin Fernando; Shawn Schoch; Moamen Elhaddad; Jonah Hebert Davies; Reza Firoozabadi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 March 2020

Abstract
  Background: Polymethylmethacrylate antibiotic impregnated beads can be an effective treatment for chronic osteomyelitis or an adjuvant in the treatment of open fractures. It remains unclear however whether the beads cause long-term adverse events if not removed. The purpose of this study was to determine ...  Read More

Hip
2. The Use of Antibiotic Impregnated Cement Spacers in the Treatment of Infected Total Joint Replacement: Challenges and Achievements

Omid Shahpari; Alireza Mousavian; Nafiseh Elahpour; Michael-Alexander Malahias; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi PhD

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 11-20

Abstract
  Two stage total hip arthroplasty revision surgery includes foreign material debridment, insertion of antibiotic impregnatedcement spacer, and finally, reimplantation of the prosthesis. This review has aimed to evaluate the efficacy of antibioticimpregnated cement spacers in infection control and eradication ...  Read More

Ankle
3. Minimally Invasive Repair of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture Using Gift Box Technique

Mohammadhossein Chegini kord; Adel Ebrahimpour; Mehrdad Sadighi; Mohammadreza Chehrassan; Leili Nazari; Arvin Najafi; Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 429-434

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to introduce a modified technique for minimally invasive Achilles tendon (AT) rupture repairusing gift box sutures. The preliminary clinical and functional outcomes were investigated among a number of patients.Methods: In a consecutive case series study, 24 patients with ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
4. Sterile Parts of Operating Gown during Lower Limb Joint Replacement Surgery

Mohamad Qoreishi; Mohammadreza Abbasian; Farshad Safdari

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 354-359

Abstract
  Background: The prevention of surgical site infection is one of the most concerning issues in operating rooms. Surgicalgowns are worn as one of the intraoperative strategies for infection prevention. The present study investigated whetherthe gowns remained sterile during the surgical procedure. Furthermore, ...  Read More

Trauma
5. The Outcomes of Pilon Fracture Treatment: Primary Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Versus Two stage Approach

Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi; Adel Ebrahimpour; Mohamad A. Okhovatpour; Amin Karimi; Reza Zandi; Amir Sharifzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, , Pages 412-419

Abstract
  Background: Pilon fracture is one of the challenging injuries in orthopedic surgery. Associated soft tissue injury is animportant factor in choosing treatment options. Two major methods of treatment are considered as one-stage openreduction internal fixation (ORIF) and two-stage treatment (primary external ...  Read More

Knee
6. Preoperative Aspiration Culture (PAC) for the Diagnosis of Infection in a Prosthetic Knee Joint

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, , Pages 342-345

Abstract
  Background: Periprosthetic infection is the most serious joint replacement complication, occurring in 0.8-1.9% of totalknee arthroplasties (TKAs).This review aims to define the role of preoperative aspiration culture (PAC) for diagnosis of TKA infection.Methods: A PubMed (MEDLINE) search related to TKA ...  Read More

Shoulder
7. Preoperative Sterilization Preparation of the Shoulder: A Comparative Study Evaluating Gauze Sponge and Commercially Available Applicator Prep Stick

Usman Syed; Adam J. Seidl; Ryan A. Hoffman; Justin Bianchini; Pedro Beredjiklian; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a concern in shoulder surgery, especially during arthroplasty. Whilemany studies have explored the characteristics and efficacy of different sterilizing solutions, no study has evaluated themethod of application. The purpose of this study was to compare ...  Read More

Knee
8. Epithelialization Over a Scaffold of Antibiotic-Impregnated PMMA Beads: A Salvage Technique for Open Tibial Fractures with Bone and Soft Tissue Loss When all Else Fails

Karim Z. Masrouha; Youssef El-Bitar; Marc Najjar; Said Saghieh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 259-263

Abstract
    The management of soft tissue defects in tibial fractures is essential for limb preservation. Current techniques are not without complications and may lead to poor functional outcomes. A salvage method is described using three illustrative cases whereby a combination of flaps and antibiotic-impregnated ...  Read More

9. Knee Fusion or Above-The-Knee Amputation after Failed Two-Stage Reimplantation Total Knee Arthroplasty

E. Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 241-243

Abstract
  Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Control of infection after a failed two-stage TKA is not always possible, and the resolution of infection may require an above-knee amputation (AKA) or a the-knee (KF). The purpose of this review is to determine ...  Read More

10. Hardware Removal Due to Infection after Open Reduction and Internal Fixation: Trends and Predictors

Mohammad Rasouli; Jessica Viola; Mitchell Maltenfort; Alisina Shahi; Javad Parvizi; James Krieg

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 184-192

Abstract
  Background:  Little is known about trends and predictors of hardware related infection following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of extremity fractures, one of the major causes of failure following ORIF. The present study was designed and conducted to determine trends and predictors ...  Read More

11. Sternocostoclavicular Joint Swelling; Diagnosis of a Neglected Entity

Deep Sharma; Pooja Dhiman; Jagdish Menon; Komuravalli Varun krishna

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 94-98

Abstract
  Background:  Sternocostoclavicular joint (SCCJ) swelling is an underdiagnosed, albeit important entity in clinical practice. The present study was conducted in order to identify the incidence and common causes of this entity.  Methods:  Patients presenting to the Orthopaedic ...  Read More

12. Prevention of Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Alisina Shahi; Javad Parvizi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 72-81

Abstract
  Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a calamitous complication with high morbidity and substantial cost. The reported incidence is low but it is probably underestimated due to the difficulty in diagnosis. PJI has challenged the orthopaedic community for several years and despite all the advances in this ...  Read More

13. Chronic Osteomyelitis in the Femoral Midshaft Following Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction

Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad Hosein; Ali Moradi; Mohammad Kazem Khalesi; Maysam Fathi Choghadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 67-70

Abstract
    A 25 year-old man presented with pain, swelling, and intermittent drainage from distal lateral aspect of his left knee three months after undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction with arthroscopic hamstring autograft and endobottom technique. His surgeon at that time tried to eliminate the pathology ...  Read More

14. Infected Textiloma, 35 Years after the Operation forFemur Fracture, an extermly rare occurance

Amir Reza Sadeghifar; Ali Reza Saeed

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 41-43

Abstract
    Retained gauze after surgery is an uncommon error and it may be associated with many complications. We are reporting our case to call attention to the fact that retained gauze may become symptomatic even after a very long interval. Herein we report on a patient who developed infection and fistula ...  Read More