Spine
401. The Role of Spinopelvic Parameters in Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Osteotomies in Patients with Sagittal Imbalance

Hasan Ghandhari; Maryam Ameri Mahabadi; Farshad Nikouei; Saeed Sabbaghan; Abouzar Azizi; Alireza Mirzaei; Behrooz Givehchian

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, , Pages 324-330

Abstract
  Background: Sagittal imbalance is known as the main radiographic driver of disability in adult spinal deformity (ASD).In this study, the association of radiological spinopelvic parameters and clinical outcomes was evaluated following thecorrective surgery of sagittal imbalance, in order to explore the ...  Read More

Trauma
402. The Outcomes of Pilon Fracture Treatment: Primary Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Versus Two stage Approach

Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi; Adel Ebrahimpour; Mohamad A. Okhovatpour; Amin Karimi; Reza Zandi; Amir Sharifzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, , Pages 412-419

Abstract
  Background: Pilon fracture is one of the challenging injuries in orthopedic surgery. Associated soft tissue injury is animportant factor in choosing treatment options. Two major methods of treatment are considered as one-stage openreduction internal fixation (ORIF) and two-stage treatment (primary external ...  Read More

Trauma
403. Ilizarov Stump Lenthening Can Aggravate Phantom Limb Pain – a Case Report

Konstantin Igorevich Novikov; Koushik Subramanyam; Sergey V. Kolesnikov; Oleg K. Chegurov; Elina S. Kolesnikova; Abhishek V. Mundargi

Volume 6, Issue 3 , May 2018, , Pages 240-242

Abstract
  Ilizarov is an accepted technique for lengthening short amputation stumps to improve prosthetic function andrehabilitation. The relation of stump lengthening and phantom limb pain (PLP) has not been reported in literature.We present here a case report of a transfemoral amputee who had a flare up of PLP ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
404. Staphylococcus aureus Colonization in Patients Undergoing Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty and Costeffectiveness of Decolonization Programme

Hosseinali Hadi; Mahmood Jabalamoli; Abolfazl BagheriFard; Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad; Ahmadreza Behrouzi; Ali Joorabchi; Amir Azimi

Volume 6, Issue 6 , November 2018, , Pages 554-559

Abstract
  Background: Periprosthetic joint infection is a devastating complication of total joint arthroplasty. It seems that thepatient’s skin, nose, throat, and urine are important sites for microbial colonization. Colonization with staphylococcusaureus, especially methicillin resistant increases the risk ...  Read More

Biomaterials
405. Histomorphometric Analysis of Newly-formed Bone Using Octacalcium Phosphate and Bone Matrix Gelatin in Rat Tibial Defects

Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval; Mohamad R. Arab; Narjes Sargolzaei; Sanam Barfroushan; Mohsen Mir; Gholam Hossein Sargazi; Forough Sargolzaei Aval; Maryam Arab

Volume 7, Issue 2 , March and April 2019, , Pages 182-190

Abstract
  Background: Repair of bone defects is challenging for reconstructive and orthopedic surgeons. In this study, we aimedto histomorphometrically assess new bone formation in tibial bone defects filled with octacalcium phosphate (OCP),bone matrix gelatin (BMG), and a combination of both.Methods: A total ...  Read More

406. RELATION OF GENERALIZED LIGAMENTOUS LAXITY SCORE WITH RESTRICTION OF RANGE OF MOTION AFTER BANKART REPAIR AND REMPLISSAGE PROCEDURE

Hossein Saremi

Volume 6, supplement 1 , June 2018, , Pages 8-9

Abstract
  This was Presented in 5th International Congress of Iranian Iranian Society of Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy, and Sports Traumatology (ISKAST), 14-17 Feb 2018- Kish, Iran  Read More

Knee
407. The Effect of Gentamycin in the Irrigating Solution to Prevent Joint Infection after Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction

Hamidreza Yazdi; Alireza Yousof Gomrokchi; Ara Nazarian; Aron Lechtig; Philip Hanna; Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January and February 2019, , Pages 67-74

Abstract
  Background: Arthroscopic reconstruction of ACL is an effective method to restore knee stability after ACL rupture.Postoperative septic arthritis (SA) is very uncommon while the incidence of serious complications range between0.14% and 1.8%. Some of the devastating consequences of septic arthritis can ...  Read More

Trauma
408. Clinical Results of Percutaneous Fixation of Pelvic and Acetabular Fractures: A Minimally Invasive Internal Fixation Technique

Mohammad Qoreishi; Hamid R. Seyyed Hosseinzadeh; Farshad Safdari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, , Pages 284-290

Abstract
  Background: The pelvic ring fractures (PRF) and acetabular fractures (AF) are among the major orthopedic injuriesassociated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Open surgical stabilization is the standard treatment for themajority of these complications. Percutaneous minimally invasive surgical ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
409. Percutaneous Versus Open Hamstring Lengthening in Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy

Javad Khaje Mozafari; Karim Pisoudeh; kaveh Gharanizadeh; Mansour Abolghasemian

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 373-378

Abstract
  Background: Open hamstring lengthening (oHSL) is commonly performed to decrease knee contracture and improvegait and posture for children with spastic diplegia. Furthermore, percutaneous hamstring lengthening (pHSL) is alsogaining popularity as an alternative to the open approach. This study aimed to ...  Read More

Trauma
410. Intrathoracic Displacement of Fractured Right Humeral Head: A Case Report

Ali Sadighi; Touraj Asvadi Kermani; Parham Maroufi; Kosar Tarvirdizade; Atabak A.Kermani

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 204-208

Abstract
  Intrathoracic displacement of the humeral head is a very uncommon condition and can be life threatening due to lungor heart injuries. There is a report of this condition where intrathoracic bone fragment was missed. Because of rareincidence there is no guideline for approach and treatment of this condition.We ...  Read More

Hand
411. Effect of Kinesio Taping on Pain, Range of Motion, Hand Strength, and Functional Abilities in Patients with Hand Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial

Majid Farhadian; Zahra Morovati; Alireza Shamsoddini

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 551-560

Abstract
  Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent joint diseases in older adults. Since hands play a key role indaily activities, their impairment causes disability and reduction of independency. The present study aimed to investigatethe effect of using Kinesio tape on pain, range of motion (ROM), ...  Read More

Foot
412. Intraosseous Lipoma of Calcaneus, Rare Cause of Chronic Calcaneal Pain: A Case Report

Salman Azarsina; Farsad Biglari; Bahar Hassanmirzaei; Adel Ebrahimpour; Azadeh Hakakzadeh

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 469-473

Abstract
  Intraosseous lipoma is a rare, benign primary tumor occurring in the bone. Herein, we reported a 45-year-old manwith chronic right posterior heel pain. In this study, the man was treated conservatively due to plantar fasciitis. Duringa one-month follow-up visit, the patient had no symptoms of relief ...  Read More

Shoulder
413. Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty is Superior to Hemiarthroplasty for Cuff Tear Arthropathy with Preserved Motion

Jonathan D. Barlow; Grant Jamgochian; Zachary Wells; Dexter Kenneth Bateman; Amber A. Schmerfeld; Joseph A. Abboud; Gerald R. Williams

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 75-82

Abstract
  Background: It is unclear whether hemiarthroplasty (HA) or reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RS) are superior for patientswith cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) and preserved preoperative motion (elevation >90˚).Methods: This was a retrospective, single institution study. Patients who underwent RSA or HA ...  Read More

414. Accuracy of Lachman and Anterior Drawer Tests for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

Hadi Makhmalbaf; Ali Moradi; Saeid Ganji; Farzad Omidi-Kashani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 94-97

Abstract
    Background: The knee joint is prone to injury because of its complexity and weight-bearing function. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures happen in young and physically active population and can result in instability, meniscal tears, and articular cartilage damage. The aim of this study is ...  Read More

415. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) in Persian Speaking Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Ali Birjandinejad; Farideh Golhasani keshtan; Hosein Asghar Hoseini; Seyed Mahdi Mazloumi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 57-62

Abstract
    Background: Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common chronic joint disease that involves middle aged and elderly persons. There are different clinical instruments to quantify the health status of patients with knee osteoarthritis and one example is the WOMAC score that has been translated ...  Read More

416. Progression of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome According to Electrodiagnostic Testing in Nonoperatively Treated Patients

Mark van Suchtelen; Stephanie Becker; Jillian S Gruber; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 185-191

Abstract
  Background:  This study tested the null hypothesis that nonoperatively treated patients would not show disease progression of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) over time according to median nerve distal motor latency (DML) on two electrodiagnostic tests.   Methods:  This retrospective ...  Read More

417. Motor Aphasia as a Rare Presentation of Fat Embolism Syndrome; A Case Report

Seyed Houssein Saeed-Banadaky; Sima Valizadeh; Marzieh Ghilian

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 64-66

Abstract
    Fat embolism syndrome is a clinical diagnosis, and diagnostic procedures are not specific. In every trauma patient, Fat embolism syndrome has to be considered as a possibility and supportive treatment should begin as soon as possible. The authors reported a rare case of Fat embolism syndrome whose ...  Read More

418. An Unusual Case of a Large Hematorrachis Associated with Multi-Level Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures; a Case Report

T.V. Ravi Kumar; Daksh Gadi; Rao Raghavendra; Joseph Vinay Mathew

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 134-136

Abstract
  Spinal epidural haemorrhage may present as back pain associated with radicular symptoms and can be a catastrophic clinical scenario with progression to paraplegia or even sudden death. Being a rare entity, it needs a high index ofclinical suspicion to diagnose it. Fractures have been documented as a ...  Read More

419. Femoral Condyle Fracture during Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Selahattin Ozyurek

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 217-217

Abstract
  Dear Editor,We have greatly enjoyed reading the case report entitled “‘Femoral Condyle Fracture during Revision of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Case Report and a Review of Literature in the issue of Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2015;3(2) with great interest. We would like to commend the ...  Read More

420. Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis

Mohammad GHarehdaghi; Mohammad Hassani; Elaheh Ghodsi; Alireza Khooei; Amir Moayedpour

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 291-295

Abstract
    Background: Tuberculosis is an essential problem for healthcare systems especially in developing countries . All newborns are given Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in Iran which is prepared from live bovine tuberculosis bacillus, and is given to protect against tuberculosis. Osteomyelitis ...  Read More

421. Which Route of Tranexamic Acid Administration is More Effective to Reduce Blood Loss Following Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Sohrab Keyhani; Ali Akbar Esmailiejah; Mohammadreza Abbasian; Farshad Safdari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 65-69

Abstract
    Background: The most appropriate route of tranexamic acid administration is controversial. In the current study, we compared the efficacy of intravenous (IV) and topical intra-articular tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss and transfusion rate in patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty. ...  Read More

422. Temporal and Spatial Expression of TGF-b1 in the Early Phase of Patellar Tendon Healing after Application of Platelet Rich Plasma

Dimitrios N Lyras; Konstantinos Kazakos; Konstantinos Tilkeridis; Anna Kokka; Athanasios Ververidis; Sotirios Botaitis; George Agrogiannis

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 156-160

Abstract
     Background:The aim of this study is to find out the spatial and temporal expression of TGF-b1 during the tendon healing, after application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). Methods: A patellar tendon defect model in rabbits was used for this purpose. 48 skeletally mature New Zealand White rabbits, ...  Read More

423. Subchondral Insufficiency Fracture of the Femoral Head Treated with Core Decompression and Bone Void Filler Support

Hiren Patel; Atul Kamath

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 264-268

Abstract
  Subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head (SIFFH) is characterized by acute onset hip pain without overt trauma. It appears as a low intensity band with bone marrow edema on T1-weighted MRI. The most common course of treatment is protected weight bearing for a period of several weeks. Total ...  Read More

424. Predictors of Upper-Extremity Physical Function in Older Adults

Hugo H. Hermanussen; Mariano E. Menendez; Neal C. Chen; David Ring; Ana-Maria Vranceanu

Volume 4, Issue 4 , October 2016, , Pages 359-365

Abstract
    Background: Little is known about the influence of habitual participation in physical exercise and diet on upper-extremity physical function in older adults. To assess the relationship of general physical exercise and diet to upper-extremity physical function and pain intensity in older adults. ...  Read More

Shoulder
425. Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Humeral Head: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Davod Jafari; Hooman Shariatzadeh; Farid Najd Mazhar; Mohammad Ali Okhovat; Mehran Razavipour

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 66-69

Abstract
    Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a common joint disorder in knee, ankle and elbow, however it can be rarely found in glenohumeral joint. In this study, we report an asymptomatic case of humeral head OCD, which was detected incidentally following a trauma. X-rays showed an area of lucency around ...  Read More