2. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone - an Overview

Anshul Sobti; Pranshu Agrawal; Sanjay Agarwala; Manish Agarwal

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 2-9

Abstract
    Giant Cell tumors (GCT) are benign tumors with potential for aggressive behavior and capacity to metastasize. Although rarely lethal, benign bone tumors may be associated with a substantial disturbance of the local bony architecture that can be particularly troublesome in peri-articular locations. ...  Read More

3. Operating Room Time Savings with the Use of Splint Packs: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Tyler Gonzalez; Eric Bluman; David Palms; Jeremy Smith; Christopher Chiodo

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 10-15

Abstract
   Background: The most expensive variable in the operating room (OR) is time. Lean Process Management is being used in the medical field to improve efficiency in the OR. Streamlining individual processes within the OR is crucial to a comprehensive time saving and cost-cutting health care strategy. ...  Read More

4. The Effect of the Silicone Ring Tourniquet and Standard Pneumatic Tourniquet on the Motor Nerve Conduction, Pain and Grip Strength in Healthy Volunteers

Georgios Drosos; Georgios Kiziridis; Cristina Aggelopoulou; Dimitrios Galiatsatos; George Anastassopoulos; Athanasios Ververidis; Konstantinos Kazakos

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 16-22

Abstract
    Background: The pneumatic tourniquet (PT) is routinely used in upper and lower limb operations by most orthopaedic surgeons. The silicone ring tourniquet (SRT) was introduced in clinical practice the last decade. Clinical as well comparative studies in volunteers concerning its safety and efficacy ...  Read More

5. Type II Intertrochanteric Fractures: Proximal Femoral Nailing (PFN) Versus Dynamic Hip Screw(DHS)

Cyril Jonnes; Shishir Suranigi; Syed Najimudeen

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 23-28

Abstract
    Background: Intertrochanteric fracture is one of the most common fractures of the hip especially in the elderly with osteoporotic bones, usually due to low-energy trauma like simple falls. Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) is still considered the gold standard for treating intertrochanteric fractures by ...  Read More

6. Supracondylar Osteotomy in Valgus Knee: Angle Blade Plate Versus Locking Compression Plate

Seyyed Morteza Kazemi; Reza Minaei; Farshad Safdari; Ali Keipourfard; Rozhin Forghani; Alemeh Mirzapourshafiei

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 29-34

Abstract
    Background: There are few studies comparing the biomechanical properties of angled blade plate and locking compression plates in supracondylar osteotomy. In the current randomized study, we prospectively compared the clinical and radiological outcomes of supracondylar osteotomy using these two ...  Read More

7. Sleep Disturbance and Upper-Extremity Disability

Rinne Peters; Mariano Menendez; Jos Mellema; David Ring; Ana-Maria Vranceanu

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 35-40

Abstract
    Background: Although upper-extremity disability correlates with psychosocial aspects of illness the association with sleep disturbance in upper extremity disability is less certain. To evaluate whether sleep disturbance is associated with upper-extremity disability among patients with upper extremity ...  Read More

8. Double-button Fixation System for Management of Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation

Ali Torkaman; Abolfazl Bagherifard; Tahmineh Mokhtari; Mohamadhossein Shabanpour Haghighi; Siamak Monshizadeh; Hamid Taraz; Amin Hasanvand

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 41-46

Abstract
    Background: Surgical treatments for acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation present with some complications. The present study was designed to evaluate the double-button fixation system in the management of acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Methods: This cross sectional study, done between ...  Read More

9. Treatment Outcome of Intramedullary Fixation with a Locked Rigid Nail in Humeral Shaft Fractures

Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Mehran Soleymanha; zahra Haghparast-Ghadim-Limudahi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 47-51

Abstract
    Background: The aim of this study was to determine the treatment outcome of humeral shaft fractures with a locked rigid intramedullary nail in patients indicated for surgical treatment. Methods: In this descriptive-cross sectional study, all patients were followed up for one, six, and 18 months ...  Read More

10. Prognostic Value of Impaired Preoperative Ankle Reflex in Surgical Outcome of Lumbar Disc Herniation

Farzad Omidi-Kashani; Ebrahim Hasankhani; Atefe Zare

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 52-55

Abstract
    Background: Several prognostic factors exist influencing the outcome of surgical discectomy in the patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between severity of preoperative impaired ankle reflex and outcomes of lumbar discectomy in the patients ...  Read More

11. Influence of Sexuality in Functional Recovery after Spinal Cord Injury in rats

Mohammadreza Emamhadi; Bahram Soltani; Parvin Babaei; Hossein Mashhadinezhad; Shervin Ghadarjani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 56-59

Abstract
    Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a major clinical condition and research is commonly done to find suitable treatment options. However, there are some degrees of spontaneous recovery after SCI and gender is said to be a contributing factor in recovery, but this is controversial. This study ...  Read More

12. How Much are Emergency Medicine Specialists’ Decisions Reliable in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Fractures?

Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Behzad Zohrevandi; Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari; Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 60-64

Abstract
    Background: Considering the importance of an early diagnosis and proper decision-making in regards to the treatment of pediatric distal radius and elbow fractures, this study examines emergency medicine specialists’ accuracy in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Methods: From ...  Read More

13. Which Route of Tranexamic Acid Administration is More Effective to Reduce Blood Loss Following Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Sohrab Keyhani; Ali Akbar Esmailiejah; Mohammadreza Abbasian; Farshad Safdari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 65-69

Abstract
    Background: The most appropriate route of tranexamic acid administration is controversial. In the current study, we compared the efficacy of intravenous (IV) and topical intra-articular tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss and transfusion rate in patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty. ...  Read More

14. A Survey on Transfusion Status in Orthopedic Surgery at a Trauma Center

Mehran Soleimanha; mohammad haghighi; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Abbas Sedighinejad; Mohsen Mardani-kivi; Bahram Naderi-nabi; Tahereh Chavoshi; Mehrnoosh Ghandili Mehrnoosh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 70-74

Abstract
    Background: Increased costs and mortality associated with inappropriate blood transfusions have led to investigations about blood request and blood transfusion techniques. We investigated the transfusion status in patients who underwent orthopedic surgery in Poursina Hospital (Rasht, Iran) to ...  Read More

15. A Survey of Blood Request Versus Blood Utilization at a University Hospital in Iran

Arash Peivandi Yazdi; Mohammad Alipour; Seyyed Saeed Jahanbakhsh; Mohammad Gharavifard; Mehryar Taghavi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 75-79

Abstract
    Background: Reservation of blood leads to blood wastage if the blood is not transfused. Therefore, in some centers only blood type and screen are evaluated. In this study, the efficacy of a blood crossmatch-to-transfusion ratio was measured and then compared with the standard levels. Methods: ...  Read More

16. Intramuscular Lipoma of the Thenar: A Rare Case

Theodoros Papakostas; Aristomenis E. Tsovilis; Emilios E. Pakos

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 80-82

Abstract
    Lipomas are the most common benign mesenchymal tumors. They are located either subcutaneously or under the investing fascia in intramuscular or intermuscular regions. The reported frequency of intramuscular lipomas among all benign adipocytic tumors is 1.0%–5.0% and for intermuscular lipomas ...  Read More

17. An Isolated Mass in the Palm, Starting Manifestation of Sarcoidosis

Mohammad GhorbanHoseini; Hamidreza Yazdi; Hossein Naseh; Poopak Hafezi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 83-86

Abstract
    Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that is characterized with noncaseating granulomatous nodules which present in multiple organs specially lungs (90%) . Incidence of masses due to Sarcoidosis in upper extremity is low and most cases present in association with involvement of pulmonary hilary lymph ...  Read More

18. Compartment Syndrome of the Calf Due to Nicolau Syndrome

Ali Enshaei; Ahmadreza Afshar

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 87-89

Abstract
   We report a case of Nicolau syndrome in a 15 months old girl following of an intramuscular injection of penicillin 6.3.3 in her left buttock. This case is unique because she developed compartment syndrome in her left calf far from her injection site. Her toe’s tips gangrened in the course ...  Read More

19. Platelet-Rich Plasma for Frozen Shoulder: A Case Report

Hamidreza Aslani; Seyed Taghi Nourbakhsh; Zohreh Zafarani; Monireh Ahmadi-Bani; Mohammad Ebrahim Shahsavand Ananloo; Maani Beigy; Shahin Salehi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 90-93

Abstract
    Frozen shoulder is a glenohumeral joint disorder that perturbs movement because of adhesion and the existence of fibrosis in the shoulder capsule. Platelet-rich plasma can produce collagen and growth factors, which increases stem cells and consequently enhances the healing. To date, there is no ...  Read More