1. Surgical Management of Hip Problems in Myelomeningocele: A Review Article

Taghi Baghdadi; Reza Abdi; Ramin zargarbashi; Hossein Aslani

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 197-203

Abstract
    Background: Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) develop a wide variety of hip deformities such as muscle imbalance, contracture, subluxation, and dislocation. Various methods and indications have been introduced for treatment of muscle imbalances and other hip problems in patients with MMC but ...  Read More

Knee
2. High Tibial Osteotomy: A Systematic Review and Current Concept

Soheil Sabzevari; Adel Ebrahimpour; Mostafa Khalilipour Roudi; Amir R. Kachooei

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 204-212

Abstract
  High tibia osteotomy is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery. A precise overview on indications, patients selection, pre-operative planning, surgical technique, methods of fixation, and complications have been presented. This paper focused on the points that should be considered to achieve good long-term ...  Read More

3. Discrete Pathophysiology is Uncommon in Patients with Nonspecific Arm Pain

Joost Kortlever; Stein Janssen; Jeroen Molleman; Michiel Hageman; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 213-219

Abstract
    Background: Nonspecific symptoms are common in all areas of medicine. Patients and caregivers can be frustrated when an illness cannot be reduced to a discrete pathophysiological process that corresponds with the symptoms. We therefore asked the following questions: 1) Which demographic factors ...  Read More

4. The Radiological Prevalence of Incidental Kienböck Disease

Saroj K. Golay; Philippa Rust; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 220-223

Abstract
    Background:To determine the prevalence of incidental Kienböck disease.   Methods: A retrospective analysis of 150,912 radiological reports or images obtained over a five year period was performed of 76,174 patients who underwent a radiograph or computed tomography scan which included ...  Read More

5. Percutaneous Release of Trigger Fingers: Comparing Multiple Digits with Single Digit Involvement

Hossein Saremi; Elham Hakhamaneshi; Mohamad Ali Seif Rabiei

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 224-227

Abstract
    Background: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous release of trigger finger in multiple digits involvement in comparison with  single digit involvement.   Method: A number of 100 patients (131 fingers) were treated by percutaneous release and divided into two groups: single ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
6. Progression of Heterotopic Ossification around the Elbow after Trauma

Dirk P. ter Meulen; Sjoerd Nota; Michiel Hageman; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 228-230

Abstract
   Background: This study addresses the null hypothesis that there is no expansion of heterotopic ossification (HO) in the elbow beyond what can be seen early on.   Methods: The area of HO was measured on lateral radiographs of 38 consecutive patients that had operative treatment of HO between ...  Read More

7. Economic Effects of Anti-Depressant Usage on Elective Lumbar Fusion Surgery

Amirali Sayadipour; Chrisopher K. Kepler; Rajnish Mago; Kenneth M. Certa; Mohammad R. Rasouli; Alexander R. Vaccaro; Todd J. Albert; David G. Anderson

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 231-235

Abstract
    Background: It has been suggested, although not proven, that presence of concomitant psychiatric disorders may increase the inpatient costs for patients undergoing elective surgery. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that elective lumbar fusion surgery is more costly in patients with ...  Read More

8. Evaluation of Clinical Results and Complications of Structural Allograft Reconstruction after Bone Tumor Surgery

Mohammad Gharedaghi; Mohammad Taghi Peivandi; Mehdi Mazloomi; Hasan Rahimi Shoorin; Mohammad Hasani; Parham Seyf; Fatemeh khazaee

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 236-242

Abstract
    Background: Massive bone allograft is an option in cases of limb preservation and reconstruction after massive benign and malignant bone tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcome of these procedures at Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Methods: ...  Read More

Shoulder
9. Factors Associated with Pain, Disability and Quality of Life in Patients Suffering from Frozen Shoulder

Farshid Bagheri; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi; Hamid Farahpour Bidgoli

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 243-247

Abstract
   Background: Frozen shoulder is resulting in limb disability and reduction of quality of life but the factors associated with patients’ disability and quality of life is not clear. To assess pain, disability, the quality of life and factors associated with them in patients suffering from frozen ...  Read More

10. Effects of Hip Geometry on Fracture Patterns of Proximal Femur

Seyyed Morteza Kazemi; Mohamad Qoreishy; Ali Keipourfard; Mohammadreza Minator Sajjadi; Shahram Shokraneh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 248-252

Abstract
    Background: Some studies have previously shown that geometry of proximal femur can affect the probability of fracture and type of fracture. It happens since the geometry of the proximal femur determines how a force is applied to its different parts. In this study, we have compared proximal femur’s ...  Read More

11. Anatomical Variations of Brachial Plexus in Adult Cadavers; A Descriptive Study

Mohammadreza Emamhadi; Shahrokh Yousefzadeh Chabok; Fariborz Samini; babak Alijani; Hamid Behzadnia; Fariborz Ayati Firozabadi; Zoheir Reihanian

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 253-258

Abstract
    Background: Variations of the brachial plexus are common and a better awareness of the variations is of crucial importance to achieve successful results in its surgical procedures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anatomical variations of the brachial plexus in adult cadavers.   ...  Read More

Knee
12. Epithelialization Over a Scaffold of Antibiotic-Impregnated PMMA Beads: A Salvage Technique for Open Tibial Fractures with Bone and Soft Tissue Loss When all Else Fails

Karim Z. Masrouha; Youssef El-Bitar; Marc Najjar; Said Saghieh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 259-263

Abstract
    The management of soft tissue defects in tibial fractures is essential for limb preservation. Current techniques are not without complications and may lead to poor functional outcomes. A salvage method is described using three illustrative cases whereby a combination of flaps and antibiotic-impregnated ...  Read More

13. Subchondral Insufficiency Fracture of the Femoral Head Treated with Core Decompression and Bone Void Filler Support

Hiren Patel; Atul Kamath

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 264-268

Abstract
  Subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head (SIFFH) is characterized by acute onset hip pain without overt trauma. It appears as a low intensity band with bone marrow edema on T1-weighted MRI. The most common course of treatment is protected weight bearing for a period of several weeks. Total ...  Read More

14. Extensive Osteochondroma of Talus Presenting as Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Report of a case and Literature Review

Shishir Suranigi; Kanagasabai Rengasamy; Syed Najimudeen; James Gnanadoss

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 269-272

Abstract
    Osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and occurring frequently in the proximal humerus, tibia, and distal femur. It rarely affects talus. Osteochondroma of talus is a very rare etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS). We report a rare case of extensive osteochondroma ...  Read More

15. Extra-Articular Diffuse Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath: A Report of 2 Cases

Olga D. Savvidou; Andreas F. Mavrogenis; Vassilios Sakellariou; George D. Chloros; Thomas Sarlikiotis; Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 273-276

Abstract
    Two rare cases of extra-articular diffuse variant giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath are presented, at the elbow of a 68-year-old female and the foot of a 56-year-old male. Both patients presented with a palpable masses and marginal excision was performed; histological sections confirmed the ...  Read More

16. Intramuscular Injection Abscess Due to VRSA: A New Health Care Challenge

Senthil Sambandam; Ganeshkumar Jayasree Rohinikumar; Arif Gul; Varatharaj Mounasamy

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 277-281

Abstract
    Abscess formation following intramuscular injections is rare and they are most commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals. In this case series we present a cohort of three patients presented to us in a critically ill condition with an abscess due to intramuscular injection. Vancomycin resistant ...  Read More

17. Aberrant Radial Artery Causing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Zinon T. Kokkalis; Konstantinos E. Tolis; Panayiotis D. Megaloikonomos; Georgios N. Panagopoulos; Vasilios G. Igoumenou; Andreas F. Mavrogenis

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 282-284

Abstract
    Anatomical vascular variations are rare causes of carpal tunnel syndrome. An aberrant medial artery is the most common vascular variation, while an aberrant radial artery causing carpal tunnel syndrome is even more rare, with an incidence ranging less than 3%. This article reports a patient with ...  Read More

Tumor
18. Total Ankylosis of the Upper Left Limb: A Case of Progressive Osseous Heteroplasia

Ali Birjandinejad; Mohammad-Hossein Taraz-Jamshidi; Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 285-288

Abstract
    Progressive osseous heteroplasia is a rare inherited disease that begins with skin ossification and proceeds into the deeper connective tissues. The disease should be distinguished from other genetic disorders of heterotopic ossification including fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) and ...  Read More