1. Greetings from the Editor

Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 126-127

Abstract
  It is my great honor announcing the promotion of the Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery (ABJS) to the level of being available on the PubMed Central site. Being precise, one year ago in September 2013, we published the first issue of the ABJS. Diligently thereafter, we published four subsequent issues ...  Read More

2. Biopsy in Musculoskeletal Tumors

Mohammad Gharehdaghi

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 128-129

Abstract
  Diagnosis of bone tumors is based on careful evaluation of clinical, imaging and a pathologic findings. So the biopsy of bone and soft tissue sarcomas is the final step in evaluation and a fundamental step in the diagnosis of the lesion. It should not be performed as a shortcut to diagnosis (1). The ...  Read More

3. Reconstruction of the Acetabulum in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Total Hip Replacement

Vasileios I Sakellariou; Michael Christodoulou; Gregory Sasalos; George C Babis

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 130-136

Abstract
  Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) or congenital hip dysplasia (CDH) is the most prevalent developmental childhood hip disorder. It includes a wide spectrum of hip abnormalities ranging from dysplasia to subluxation and complete dislocation of the hip joint. The natural history of neglected DDH ...  Read More

4. Medial Unicompartmental Osteoarthritis (MUO) of the Knee: Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (UKR) or Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 137-140

Abstract
  The aim of this review article is to analyze the clinical effectiveness of total knee replacement (TKR) compared to unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) in patients with medial unicompartmental osteoarthritis (MUO) in terms of survival rates, revision rates and postoperative complications. The search ...  Read More

5. Intraarticular Administration of Tranexamic Acid Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case-control Study

M.N Tahmasebi; Kaveh Bashti; MR Sobhan; GH Ghorbani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 141-145

Abstract
  Background:  Tranexamic acid (TXA) has received extensive attention in management of blood loss in orthopedic surgeries. However, the ideal method of TXA administration is still controversial. This study aims to determine whether intraarticular injection of TXA reduces blood loss after total ...  Read More

6. Soluble Mediators in Posttraumatic Wrist and Primary Knee Osteoarthritis

Teun Teunis; Michiel Beekhuizen; Gerjo V.M. Van Osch; Arnold H. Schuurman; Laura B. Creemers; L. Paul van Minnen

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 146-150

Abstract
  Background:  New discoveries about the pathophysiology changed the concept that all forms of osteoarthritis are alike; this lead to the delineation of different phenotypes such as age, trauma or obese related forms. We aim to compare soluble mediator profiles in primary knee and posttraumatic ...  Read More

7. In-Hospital Outcomes after Hemiarthroplasty versus Total Hip Arthroplasty for Isolated Femoral Neck Fractures

Timothy Voskuijl; Valentin Neuhaus; Ahmet Kinaci; Mark Vrahas; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 151-156

Abstract
    Background:    Previous studies suggest total hip arthroplasty may have some benefits compared to hemi-arthroplasty for displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures in patients more than 60 years of age. The primary research question of our study was whether in-hospital adverse ...  Read More

8. Long Term Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty in Young Patients under 30

Emilios E Pakos; Nikolaos Paschos; Theodoros A Xenakis

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 157-162

Abstract
  Background:  We aimed to report outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in very young patients under the year of 30.   Methods:  Thirty patients (45 hips) with various indications for THA were retrospectively reviewed radiologically and clinically and analyzed regarding survival, ...  Read More

9. Hemodynamic and Arterial Blood Gas Parameters during Cemented Hip Hemiarthroplasty in Elderly Patients

Mehran Soleymanha; Abbas Sedighinejhad; Mohammad Haghighi; Bahram Naderi; Ahmadreza Mirblok; Mohsen Mardani kivi

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 163-167

Abstract
  Background:  Patients undergoing cemented hip hemiarthroplasty may develop bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) which is a leading cause of intraoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular changes during cemented hip hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients.   ...  Read More

10. Management of Hip Fractures in Lateral Position without a Fracture Table

Hamid Pahlavanhosseini; Sima Valizadeh; Seyyed Hossein Saeed Banadaky; Mohammad Hossein Akhavan Karbasi; Seyed Mohammad Jallil Abrisham; Hossein Fallahzadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 168-173

Abstract
  Background:  Hip fracture Management in supine position on a fracture table with biplane fluoroscopic views has some difficulties which leads to prolongation of surgery and increasing x- rays’ dosage. The purpose of this study was to report the results and complications of hip fracture ...  Read More

11. How to Treat the Complex Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients? DHS or Arthroplasty

Ebrahim Hasankhani; Farzad Omidi-Kashani; Hossein Hajitaghi; Golnaz Hasankhani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 174-179

Abstract
  Background:  Due to difficulty in obtaining anatomical reduction, management of the unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly osteoporotic patients is challenging. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of hip arthroplasty (total, hemi, or bipolar) with DHS in the elderly ...  Read More

12. Outcome Assessment after Aptis Distal Radioulnar Joint (DRUJ) Implant Arthroplasty

Amir Reza Kachooei; Samantha M Chase; Jesse Jupiter

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 180-184

Abstract
  Background:  Conventional treatments after complicated injuries of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) such as Darrach and Kapandji-Sauvé procedures have many drawbacks, which may eventually lead to a painful unstable distal ulna.  The development of DRUJ prosthesis has significantly ...  Read More

13. Progression of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome According to Electrodiagnostic Testing in Nonoperatively Treated Patients

Mark van Suchtelen; Stephanie Becker; Jillian S Gruber; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 185-191

Abstract
  Background:  This study tested the null hypothesis that nonoperatively treated patients would not show disease progression of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) over time according to median nerve distal motor latency (DML) on two electrodiagnostic tests.   Methods:  This retrospective ...  Read More

14. Predictors of Missed Research Appointments in a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial

Stéphanie J.E. Becker; Thierry G Guitton; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 192-198

Abstract
  Background:  The primary aim of this study was to determine predictors of missed research appointments in a prospective  andomized placebo injection-controlled trial with evaluations 1 to 3 and 5 to 8 months after enrollment.   Methods:  This study represents a secondary use ...  Read More

15. Current Rates of Publication for Podium and Poster Presentations at the American Society for Surgery of the Hand Annual Meetings

Joshua M. Abzug; Meredith Osterman; Michael Rivlin; Ebrahim Paryavi; A. Lee Osterman

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 199-202

Abstract
  Background:  Research projects are presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH). It is unknown how many achieve publication in peer-reviewed journals. We sought to determine current rates of publication of podium and poster presentations.   ...  Read More

16. Anterior Ankle Arthrodesis with Molded Plate: Technique and Outcomes

Mohammad Gharehdaghi; Hasan Rahimi; Alireza Mousavian

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 203-209

Abstract
  Background:  There is still controversy regarding the best technique for ankle arthrodesis to acheive stable rigid fixation along with reconstructing a functional plantigrade foot. Moreover, existing techniques have complictions related to stability, soft tissue covering, fusion rate, and exposure. ...  Read More

17. The Comparison of Results of Treatment of Midshaft Clavicle Fracture between Operative Treatment with Plate and Non-Operative Treatment

Mohsen Khorami; Hamid Reza Arti; Mohammad Fakour; Hossein Mokarrami; Abdolhossein Mahdi Nasab; Farid Shahrivar

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 210-214

Abstract
  Background:  Clavicle fractures are common and usually heal without complications. In this study, we evaluated the outcomes of non-operative versus operative management of displaced fractures.   Methods:  In a prospective clinical trial study, sixty-five patients with displaced clavicle ...  Read More

18. A Comparison of Glenohumeral Internal and External Range of Motion and Rotation Strength in Healthy and Individuals with Recurrent Anterior Instability

Amirreza Sadeghifar; Shahab Ilka; Hasan Dashtbani; Mansour Sahebozamani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 215-219

Abstract
  Background:  The glenohumeral joint becomes dislocated more than any other major joint because it maintains a wide range of motion and its stability is inherently weak. The most common complication following acute initial shoulder dislocation is recurrent dislocation or chronic instability. ...  Read More

19. Clinical Outcomes after Arthroscopic Release for Recalcitrant Frozen Shoulder

Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi; Mostafa Khalili Pour; Mohammad Hallaj-Moghaddam; Amir Reza Kachooei

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 220-224

Abstract
  Background: To explain the role of arthroscopic release in intractable frozen shoulders. We used different questionnaires and measuring tools to understand whether arthroscopic release is the superior modality to treat patients with intractable frozen shoulders. Methods: Between 2007 and 2013, in a prospective ...  Read More

20. Epidemiology of Hand Injuries in Children Presenting to an Orthopedic Trauma Center in Southeast of Iran

Maryam Mirzaie; Ali Parsa; Maryam Salehi; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mostafa Dahmardehei; Neda Mirzaie

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 225-231

Abstract
  Background:  Hand injuries are among the most common childhood injuries. No study has been performed regarding the epidemiology of hand injuries in the pediatric population of Iran. This study aimed to examine the epidemiology of hand injuries among children in southeast of Iran.   ...  Read More

21. Intra-articular Ganglion Cyst of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon Originating from the Intertubercular Groove

hossein saremi; Alireza Yavarikia; Ali karbalaikhani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 232-233

Abstract
  Ganglion cysts commonly occur around the shoulder, mostly in the spinoglenoid and suprascapular notches. We report a very rare case of intra articular Ganglion cyst of the long head of the biceps tendon that originated from the bicipital groove as a rare cause of shoulder pain.  Read More

22. Osteoid Osteoma in the Neck of the Scapula; A Misleading Case

Alireza Rouhani; Saeid Mohajerzadeh; Marouf Ansari

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 234-237

Abstract
  Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that when located on the base of the coracoids process of the scapula is very rare and diagnosis and treatment is often delayed because of its rarity. Almost any bone can be involved, but half of cases involve the femur or tibia. The radiologic features of osteoid ...  Read More

23. Bilateral Intraosseous Tumor of the Calcaneus with Imaging-Pathologic Discordance A Case Report and Literatures Review

Mohammad Hassani; Mohammad Gharehdaghi; Alireza Khooei; Elaheh Ghodsi; Hedieh Nazarzadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 238-242

Abstract
  A case of bilateral intraosseous tumor of the calcaneus with different MRI imaging is presented. On the left, radiological findings suggest intraosseous lipoma, but on the right-sided lesion, imaging studies were not convincing. The microscopic report showed foreign body granulomatous reaction, a rare ...  Read More

24. Multiple Rib Exostoses in a Boy: A Rare CaseResulting in Surgery Secondary to Cosmetic Concerns

Seyed Hosein Fattahi Masoum; Ali Moradi; Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, Pages 243-245

Abstract
  A seven year-old boy with several painless masses on the ribs and shoulder was referred to our hospital. The masses were so prominent that they prevented the child’s sleep. Since the patient had been ridiculed by his friends due to the rib prominences, he had refused to attend school. After clinical ...  Read More