1. Many Drops Make a Lake

Chaitanya S. Mudgal

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 1-1

Abstract
  The desire and drive for excellence in any endeavor in life requires an effort from the individual; in addition it requires a constellation of features around such individuals that help them to become successful. For surgeons, it is the operating room staff, the administrative and medical assistants ...  Read More

2. Is DDH still a problem?

Reinhard Graf

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 2-3

Abstract
  Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most frequent developmental disorder of the locomotor system. It is detected among 0.1–5.2% of newborns (1, 2). This might be the reason, that there is a high interest to detect DDH cases as early as possible. Undetected or late cases lead to catastrophes ...  Read More

3. Evidence Based Conservative Management of Patello-femoral Syndrome

E. Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 4-6

Abstract
  Background:   Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is defined as pain surrounding the patella when sitting with bent knees for prolonged periods of time or when performing activities like ascending or descending stairs, squatting or   athletic activities. Patella dislocation is not included ...  Read More

4. Relapsing and Residual Clubfoot Deformities After the Application of the Ponseti Method:A Contemporary Review

Ali parsa; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 7-10

Abstract
    The Ponseti method is a safe and effective treatment for congenital clubfoot, and radically decreases the need for extensive corrective surgery. But a group of patients will still present with under corrected residual equinovarus deformities despite the proper use of the Ponseti method. About ...  Read More

5. Repair of Minor Tissue Defect in Hand by Transfer of Free Tissue Flap from the Toe

Haitao Tan; Xiang Luo; Keqin Yang; Jianzhong Jiang; Pingou Wei; Jinming Zhao

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 11-16

Abstract
  Background:   To introduce our experience of using the free neurovascular flap from great and second toe. Methods:   Thirteen patients (fifteen fingers) sought surgical treatment for soft tissue defects of the hand at our medical institutin between March 2006 and September 2009. In two patients, ...  Read More

6. Effects of Valproic Acid on Axonal Regeneration and Recovery of Motor Function after Peripheral Nerve Injury in the Rat

Ting Rao; Fei Wu; Danmou Xing; Zhengren Peng; Dong Ren; Wei Feng; Yan Chen; Zhiming Zhao; Huan Wang; Junweng Wang; Wusheng Kan; Qingsong Zhang

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 17-24

Abstract
  Background:   Valproic acid (VPA) is used to be an effective anti-epileptic drug and mood stabilizer. It has recently been demonstrated that VPA could promote neurite outgrowth, activate the extracellular signal regulated kinase pathway, and increases bcl-2 and growth cone-associated protein 43 ...  Read More

7. Clinical Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Ankylosed Hip

Babak Siavashi; Mohammad Javad Zehtab; Nima Mohseni; Tayeb Ramim

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 25-30

Abstract
  Background:   Various drugs are administered intra-articularly to provide postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine   following knee arthroscopy.     Methods: ...  Read More

8. Comparison of Clinical Outcomes of Scarf and Chevron Osteotomies and the McBride Procedure in the Treatment of Hallux Valgus Deformity

Mohammad Fakoor; Naser Sarafan; Payam Mohammadhoseini; Mohsen Khorami; Hamidreza Arti; Seyedshahnam Mosavi; Amir Aghaeeaghdam

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 31-36

Abstract
  Background:   Hallux valgus deformity is a common chronic problem in middle age and elderly. Different surgical procedures have been introduced so far with their proposed indications for each. This study aimed to compare three   current procedures namely Chevron osteotomy, Scarf osteotomy and ...  Read More

9. Comparison of outcomes and safety of using hydroxyapatite granules as a substitute for autograft in cervical cages for anterior cervical discectomy and interbody fusion

Hosein Mashhadinezhad; Fariborz Samini; Reza Zare

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 37-42

Abstract
  Background:   After cervical discectomy, autogenetic bone is packed into the cage to increase the rate of union between adjacent vertebral bodies, but donor site–related complications can still occur. In this study we evaluate the use   of hydroxyapatite granules as a substitute for autograft ...  Read More

10. Early Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Remplissages in Patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability with Engaging Hill-Sachs Lesion in Iran

Hamid Reza Aslani; Zohreh Zafarani; Adel Ebrahimpour; Shahin Salehi; Ali Moradi; Soheil Sabzevari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Background:   To assess the outcome of the remplissage arthroscopic surgical method in patients with anterior shoulder dislocation associated with Hill-Sachs lesion.     Methods:   Ten patients with anterior shoulder dislocations and Hill-Sachs lesions were entered into this study ...  Read More

11. Developing an Appropriateness Criteria for Knee MRI Using the Rand Appropriateness Method (RAM)-2013

Hossein Ebrahimipour; Seyedeh Zahra Mirfeizi; Ali Vafaee Najar; Amir Reza Kachooei; Amir Shahriar Ariamanesh; Reza Ganji; Habibollah Esmaeeli; Hedayat Salari; Marjan Vejdani

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 47-51

Abstract
    Background: Knee pain is one of the most common reasons patients visit their physician. In this regard Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the tool of preference for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine appropriate guidelines for knee MRI administration using the RAND Appropriateness ...  Read More

12. Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Pain in Knee Arthroscopic Surgery; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Mohammad Alipour; Masoomeh Tabari; Reza Farhadifaz; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Maryam Salehi; Seyed Mostafa Moosavitekye

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 52-56

Abstract
  knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention ...  Read More

13. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) in Persian Speaking Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Ali Birjandinejad; Farideh Golhasani keshtan; Hosein Asghar Hoseini; Seyed Mahdi Mazloumi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 57-62

Abstract
    Background: Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common chronic joint disease that involves middle aged and elderly persons. There are different clinical instruments to quantify the health status of patients with knee osteoarthritis and one example is the WOMAC score that has been translated ...  Read More

14. Simultaneous Dorsal Base Fracture and FDP Avulsion of Distal Phalanx of the Little Finger

Mohammadreza Bazavar; Alireza Rouhani; Ali Tabrizi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Avulsion injury of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) with concomitant fracture of the distal phalanx dorsal base is uncommon. Simultaneous avulsion fractures of the insertion of this tendon associated with rupture of the tendon from the bony fragment and combination with dorsal base fracture is very ...  Read More

15. Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (Trevor Syndrome) of Talus in a 21-Year Old Woman; Case Report

Amir R Sdeghifar; Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is a rare nonhereditary epiphyseal disease that mimics synovial chondromatosis and osteochondroma of the joints. The disease mainly involves long bones of the lower extremities and tarsal bones. Herein we report 21-year old woman who presented with pain and limited range ...  Read More

16. Simultaneous of Mid Third Clavicle Fracture and Type 3 Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation; A Case Report

Saeed Solooki; Ali Azad

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 69-71

Abstract
    Simultaneous mid third clavicle fracture and acromioclavicular joint dislocation is a rare combination injury, as a result of high-energy trauma. We report a patient with a middle third clavicle fracture and ipsilateral grade three-acromioclavicular joint dislocation, which is a rare combination. ...  Read More

17. Chronic Low Back Pain due to Retroperitoneal Cystic Lymphangioma

Asieh Sadat Fattahi; Godratollah Maddah; Mohammad Motamedolshariati; Taghi Ghiasi–Moghadam

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 72-74

Abstract
    Abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign neoplasm. Less than 1% of lymphangiomas is in the retroperitoneum. Lymphangioma is mostly asymptomatic. Chronic symptoms were reported in retroperitoneal type more than others. Acute symptoms due to complications like infection, cyst rupture or hemorrhage ...  Read More

18. Posterior Hip Fracture -Dislocation Associated with Ipsilateral Intertrochantric Fracture; a Rare Case Report

Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi; Masoud Mirkazemi; Ali Birjandinejad

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 75-78

Abstract
  Hip dislocation occurs when the femur does not break and the force is transmitted towards the hip joint leading to a posterior dislocation of the femoral head with or without posterior acetabular fracture. We present the case of a 26 year old patient involved in motor vehicle accident. Clinical and imaging ...  Read More

19. Multicentric Myxoid Liposarcoma; a Case Report and Literature Review

Mohammad Gharehdaghi; Mohammad Hassani; Ali R Khooei; Elaheh Ghodsi; Ali Taghizadeh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 79-81

Abstract
    Liposarcoma is a common malignant soft tissue tumor, accounting for 10% to 16% of all sarcomas. Multicentric myxoid liposarcoma is an uncommon condition. Differentiation between several primary tumors and metastasis of a single liposarcoma represents the main difficulty in diagnosis. A 47-years ...  Read More

20. Analgesic Effect of Gabapentin on Post-Operative Pain After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Mario I. Ortiz; Luis C. Romero-Quezada

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 82-83

Abstract
  To the Editor Mardani-Kivi et al presented results about a triple blinded randomized controlled trial with gabapentin in patients that underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (1). In their manuscript, the introduction section is very illustrative about the subject. With respect to methodology, ...  Read More

21. Reply to "Analgesic Effect of Gabapentin on Post-Operative Pain After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction"

Mohsen Mardani-Kivi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 82-83

Abstract
  In Reply Dr. Ortiz and Dr. Romero-Quezada evaluated our study precisely and authors are grateful for their great survey on our article. There were some questions and concerns that we are going to answer. We wish it could help others to come up with better ideas and conclusions. 1. ACL tear may occur ...  Read More

22. Benefits of Either Operative or Non-Operative Treatment for Perilunate Dislocation and Fracture Dislocations

Michael Rivlin; Amir Reza Kachooei

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, Pages 84-85

Abstract
  Dear Editor We read the article by Bagheri et al with great interest (1). We found the study interesting and comprehensive as four groups of patients, including operative and nonoperative in either pure dislocation or fracture dislocation, were compared in terms of Mayo wrist score, Grip strength, range ...  Read More