1. Crash in Publication Ethics in 2016 in a Glance: Avoid Paper Retraction

Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Amir Reza Kachooei

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 1-1

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2017.8171

Abstract
   On November 1st  2016, Springer Nature announced that Springer and BioMed Central are retracting 58 articles published by Iran-based authors across seven journals. The decision was made after thorough investigation following receiving allegations of plagiarism, peer review, and authorship ...  Read More

2. How do Orthopedic Surgeons Address Psychological Aspects of Illness?

Ana-Maria Vranceanu; Reinier B. Beks; Thierry G. Guitton; Stein J. Janssen; David Ring

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 2-9

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7916

Abstract
    Background: Orthopaedic surgeons have a pivotal role in transitioning the care of orthopedic patients from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial model. In an effort to foster this transition, we designed a study aimed to determine surgeons’ attitudes and practice of noticing, screening, discussing ...  Read More

Hand
3. Qualitative Evaluation of Digital Hand X-rays is Not a Reliable Method to Assess Bone Mineral Density

AndrewJ. Miller; Christopher Jones; Frederick Liss; Jack Abboudi; William Kirkpatrick; Pedro Beredjiklian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 10-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7868

Abstract
  Object: The gold standard for evaluating bone mineral density is dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).  Prior studies have shown poor reliability using analog wrist X-rays in diagnosing osteoporosis. Our goal was to investigate if there was improved diagnostic value to visual assessment of digital ...  Read More

Shoulder
4. Preliminary Results of a Consecutive Series of Large & Massive Rotator Cuff Tears Treated with Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repairs Augmented with Extracellular Matrix

Paolo Consigliere; Ioannis Polyzois; Tanaya Sarkhel; Rohit Gupta; Ofer Levy; A Ali Narvani

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 14-21

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7932

Abstract
   Background: Recurrence rate of rotator cuff tears is still high despite the improvements of surgical techniques, materials used and a better knowledge of the healing process of the rotator cuff tendons. Large to massive rotator cuff tears are particularly associated with a high failure rate, especially ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
5. Relationship between Bone Mineral Density and Serum Vitamin D with Low Energy Hip and Distal Radius Fractures: A Case-Control Study

Mohammad Ali Tahririan; Mehdi Motififard; Ali Omidian; Hossein Akbari Aghdam; Amir Esmaeali

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 22-27

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7936

Abstract
    Background: The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between serum vitamin D and the status of bone mineral density in patients with low-energy hip and distal radius fracture. Methods: This retrospective case-control study was performed between January 2013 and January ...  Read More

6. Analgesia Following Arthroscopy – a Comparison of Intraarticular Bupivacaine and/or Midazolam and or Fentanyl

Mahmoud Nahravani; Seyed Mostafa Moosavi Tekye; Mohammad Alipour; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Monnavar Afzal Aghaee

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 28-31

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7857

Abstract
    Background: Arthroscopic intervention is very common for conducting orthopedic surgeries. After a knee arthroscopic surgery, different drugs are used through intra-articular administration to induce analgesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate analgesic effects of Bupivacaine (marcaine), Bupivacaine ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
7. The Zeitgeist of Challenging the Evidence. A Perspective on the International Consensus Meeting on Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Hangama C. Fayaz; Jesse B. Jupiter

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 32-38

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7934

Abstract
   Background: The economic burden of the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is high and the treatment of PJI has a high degree of international controversy. Several papers have declared the International Consensus Meeting on Periprosthetic Joint Infection (ICMPJI) to be the "flawless ...  Read More

Ankle
8. Minimally Invasive Surgical Approach to Distal Fibula Fractures: A Technique Tip

Tyler A. Gonzalez; Bonnie Chien; Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini; John Y. Kwon

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 39-45

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7966

Abstract
    Wound complications following ankle fracture surgery are a major concern. Through the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques some of these complications can be mitigated. Recent investigations have reported on percutaneous fixation of distal fibula fractures demonstrating similar radiographic ...  Read More

Pediatric
9. Comparison of Pediatric and General Orthopedic Surgeons’ Approaches in Management of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip and Flexible Flatfoot: the Road to Clinical Consensus

Ramin Haj Zargarbashi; Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki; Shayan Zadegan; Taghi Baghdadi; Mohammad Hossein Nabian; Mehdi Ramezan Shirazi

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 46-51

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2017.8148

Abstract
    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and flatfoot are common pediatric orthopedic disorders, being referred to and managed by both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons, through various modalities. Our study aimed to evaluate their consensus and perspective disagreements in terms of diagnostic ...  Read More

10. Axillary Artery Injury Associated with Proximal Humerus Fracture: A Report of 6 Cases

Rinne M. Peters; Mariano E. Menendez; Jos J. Mellema; David Ring; R. Malcolm Smith

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 52-57

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.6326

Abstract
   Proximal humerus fractures are common, but associated injury of the axillary artery is uncommon. The majority of published blunt traumatic axillary artery injuries are associated with anterior glenohumeral dislocation; a few are associated with isolated proximal humerus fractures or fracture-dislocation. ...  Read More

11. Total Knee Arthroplasty in Severe Unstable Knee: Case-Report and Literature Review

Mohammad Naghi Tahmasebi; Gholamreza Ghorbani Amjad; Mohammad Hasan Kaseb; kaveh Bashti

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 58-62

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7858

Abstract
    Multiplanar or global laxity in arthritic knee is rare , most of this patients have neuromuscular disorder (post poliomyelitis , spinal dystrophy) or history of knee trauma. Ligament insufficiency and severe bone loss is significant in this patient. The estimated prevalence for the concurrence ...  Read More

12. Intrapelvic Protrusion of a Broken Guide Wire Fragment during Fixation of a Femoral Neck Fracture

Ahmadreza Afshar

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 63-65

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2015.5246

Abstract
    During fixation of a femoral neck fracture in a 23-year-old male patient with cannulated screws, a broken guide wire fragment inadvertently advanced through the hip joint and protruded into the pelvis. A second surgical approach was needed to remove the broken fragment from the pelvis. Awareness ...  Read More

Shoulder
13. Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Humeral Head: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Davod Jafari; Hooman Shariatzadeh; Farid Najd Mazhar; Mohammad Ali Okhovat; Mehran Razavipour

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 66-69

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2016.7862

Abstract
    Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a common joint disorder in knee, ankle and elbow, however it can be rarely found in glenohumeral joint. In this study, we report an asymptomatic case of humeral head OCD, which was detected incidentally following a trauma. X-rays showed an area of lucency around ...  Read More

Knee
14. Loosening of Total Knee Arthroplasty after Brucellosis Infection: A Case Report

Mohammad Ali Sazgari; Fateme Bahramian; Fateme Mirzaee; Zohreh Zafarani; Hamid Reza Aslani

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, Pages 70-71

http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/abjs.2017.19756.1512

Abstract
    In this report we describe a 78-year-old man whose total knee arthroplasty showed the symptoms of infection with brucella with radiographic signs of loosening 5 years after the index surgery. The patient was treated successfully after a 2-stage revision arthroplasty surgery along with using rifampicin ...  Read More