The Effect of Sagittal Femoral Bowing on the Femoral Component Position in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Document Type: RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

Bone Joint and Related Tissues Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: In the current study, we investigated that how sagittal femoral bowing can affect the sagittal alignment of
the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Methods: There were 25 patients underwent TKA. Long leg radiography in lateral view was performed. The sagittal
femoral bowing (SFB) and component alignment in relation to the sagittal mechanical axis and distal anterior cortical line
(DACL) were measured. Finally, the correlation of component alignment and SFB was examined.
Results: Mean SFB was 7±2.7 degrees. The component was in flexion position in relation to mechanical axis and DACL as
8.4±2.9 degrees and 1.7±0.9 degrees, respectively. The flexion alignment of the component was significantly correlated
with SFB.
Conclusion: Mechanical alignment of the limb in both coronal and sagittal axes should be preserved in TKA. SFB can
significantly increased the flexion alignment of the femoral component.

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