Document Type: RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

Background:
 Due to difficulty in obtaining anatomical reduction, management of the unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly osteoporotic patients is challenging. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of hip arthroplasty (total, hemi, or bipolar) with DHS in the elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures.  
Methods:
 We prospectively studied and followed-up 80 old patients with complex unstable intertrochanteric fracture from January 2007 to December 2010. Depending on the time of the patients’ admission, we alternatively treated them by DHS and arthroplasty, and placed them in Groups A and B, respectively. We followed them up radiologically and also clinically by Harris Hip Score for more than 24 months. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.5 for Windows. 
Results:
The mean length of follow-up and age were 34.3±4.1 months (ranged; 24-59) and the 75.2±5.2 years (ranged; 58-96), respectively. Comparing Group A with B, demographic data, mean blood loss, duration of operation, time to walking and duration of hospital stay had no significant difference but overall device related complications were significantly higher in Group A. Functional scores were also higher in Group B, but this difference was not significant statistically. In both groups, the patients with Type A3 compared with Type A2, had more duration of surgery and blood loss.
 Conclusions:
 Arthroplasty is an alternative treatment in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and can provide good and satisfactory clinical outcomes associated with low complication and mortality rates. 

Keywords

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