Document Type: SHORT COMMUNICATION

Authors

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina General Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background:
 
Elevator-related accidents are uncommon, but can cause significant injury. However, little data exist on these types of accidents. To compile and analyze accident data involving elevators in an effort to eliminate or at least significantly reduce such accidents.
Methods:
In this retrospective study we investigated 1,819 cases of elevator-related accidents during a four-year period (1999-2003) in Tehran. The data were obtained from the Tehran Safety Services & Fire Fighting Organization (TSFO) that is officially and solely responsible to conduct rescue missions of civilians in Tehran.
Results:
The number of elevator accidents has increased steadily during the four year study period. During these four years here was a positive upward trend for serious injuries and mortality resulting from elevator accidents. Technical problems were the main cause with 74.5%, followed by power loss and overcapacity riding with 11.5% and 7.9%respectively. Sixty-three individuals sustained serious injury and 15 people died as a result of elevator accidents. The number of accidents was significantly higher in summer (x2=18.32, P=0.032) and a considerable proportion of incidences (54%, 947 cases out of 1819) occurred between 5 and 12 pm.
Conclusions:
Establishment of an organization to inspect the settings, maintenance, and repair of elevators is necessary

Keywords

McCann M. Deaths and Injuries Involving Elevators or Escalators. 2013. Available at: URL: http://www.cpwr.com/publications/deaths-and-injuries-involving-elevators-or-escalators-0.  Accessed Jul 1, 2014.

  • Verma SK, Agarwal BB. Accidental hanging with delayed death in a lift.  Med Sci Law. 1999; 39(4):342-4.

  • Wolchover N. Despite Fatal NYC Accident, Elevators Still Safer than Stairs. Available at: URL:http://www.livescience.com/17504-fatal-nyc-accident-elevators-safer-stairs.html. Accessed Jul 1, 2014.

  • Statistical pocketbook of the Islamic republic of Iran 2006-2007. Available at: URL:http://amar.sci.org.ir/index_e.aspx. Accessed Jul 1, 2014.

  • Elevators. Available at: URL: http://www.tssa.org/report.aspx. Accessed Jul 4, 2012.

  • Magnus P. Elevator Accidents. Elevator World. 2000; 47(6), 112-5.

  • Steele GK, O’Neil, Huisingh C, Smith GA. Elevator-related injuries to older adults in the United States, 1990 to 2006. J Trauma. 2010; 68(1):188-92.

  • Doyle BG. Elevator Shaft Accident Statistics (Part A). Available at: URL:  http://www.accidentlawillinois.com/library/elevator-shaft-accident-statistics-chicago-illinois-lawyer.cfm. Accessed Jun 30, 2014.