Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of eight weeks of conventional core stability exercises and suspension core stability exercises by use of the designed device on characteristic of intervertebral discs in low back and Pain.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with two groups. The individuals consisted of 27 men with chronic low back pain due to lumbar disc herniation in L4-L5 and L5-S1 regions. After assessing the intensity of pain using visual analog scale (VAS) and determining the disc herniation index using MRI, the individuals performed conventional and suspension exercises for eight weeks and each week consisted of three training sessions. The intensity of pain was assessed in first, second, third, fourth and eighth weeks and the Disc Hernia Index was determined again at the end of the eight weeks of exercises. For data analysis, the paired t-test and repeated measures analysis were applied.
Results: The results indicated significant changes in the intensity of pain in both groups through the period of eight weeks of exercise and a remarkable pain relief was observed in the individuals. In relation to the structural characteristics of the intervertebral disc, the data analysis did not reveal any significant change between pretest and posttest.
Conclusion: Considering the beneficial effects of the stability exercises and specially suspension stability exercises with respect to pain alleviation and thus reduced use of sedatives and anti-inflammatory drugs, this method can be helpful at the early treatment stages for chronic pains.