Document Type: RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Angioleiomyomas are rare tumors arising from vascular tissue that can occasionally present in the hand. Reports of angioleiomyomas in this location are highly limited. Here, we describe the presentation and outcomes of a series of cases of angioleiomyomas.

Methods: A retrospective case review of five patients with angioleiomyomas arising in the hand was performed. Patients were identified via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revision (ICD-9 and ICD-10) diagnosis codes and were reviewed through the electronic medical record for demographic information, tumor characteristics, management, and outcomes. A literature review was also conducted of angioleiomyomas.

Results: Five patients were diagnosed with angioleiomyoma at our institution between 1992 and 2015. Patients presented with a painful, slow-growing hand mass in all cases. The majority of patients were male and of middle-age. All of the patients were successfully treated with marginal excision and had full return to functional status without recurrence.

Conclusion: Angioleiomyomas are rare tumors that can arise in the hand and should be included in the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with a painful hand mass. They can be successfully treated with marginal excision.

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