Spine
1. Assessment of insertion of the pedicular screw in the spine without fluoroscopy

Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati; Shahab Ilka

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 October 2018

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this prospective study was to determine accuracy of insertion of the pedicular screw without use of the fluoroscopy. Methods: 760 pedicular screws were inserted from C7 to S1 vertebrae without use of fluoroscopy and locations of screws were assessed with CT scan after surgery ...  Read More

Pediatric
2. Transverse anterior approach to the elbow for pediatric displaced lateral humeral condyle fractures

Francisco Soldado; Pedro Domenech-Fernandez; Sergi Barrera-Ochoa; Josep Maria Bergua-Domingo; Paula Diaz-gallardo; Felipe Hodgson; Jorge Knorr

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Purpose: The anterior approach to the elbow for pediatric lateral condyle fractures (LCF) would provide a better visualization of the articular fracture resulting in better functional results, less complications and a more cosmetically-appealing scar than usually seen with the lateral approach. Methods: ...  Read More

Knee
3. Anthropometric measurements of distal femur to design the femoral component of total knee arthroplasty for the Iranian population

Ali Birjandinejad; Reza Zandi; elham karimi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Background and objectives: Acquiring knowledge about anatomic and geometric quantities of bones is among the most vital parameters in orthopedic surgery, which has a significant effect on the treatment of various disorders and subsequent outcomes. The aim of this study was to obtain anthropometric information ...  Read More

Shoulder
4. Revision of Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty to Hemiarthroplasty: Does it Work?

Surena Namdari; Mihir Sheth; Daniel Sholder; Joseph A Abboud; Mark Lazarus; Gerald R Williams Jr

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: The impending burden of revision shoulder arthroplasty has increased interest in outcomes of revision procedures. Glenoid component removal and conversion to a hemiarthroplasty (HA) is an option for aseptic glenoid loosening after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA). Methods: Patients ...  Read More

Spine
5. Does Diabetes Mellitus Affect Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle Morphometry?

John Mangan; James McKenzie; Scott Wagner; Arjun Sebastian; David Casper; Christopher Kepler

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Background: Changes in paraspinal muscle cross-sectional surface area (CSA) have been shown to occur in patients with chronic and acute low back pain. Numerous factors can affect muscle density; however, the relationship between metabolic disease, such as type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and lumbar paraspinal ...  Read More

Trauma
6. Intrathoracic displacement of fractured right humeral head

Ali Sadighi; Touraj Asvadi Kermani; Parham Maroufi; Kowsar Tarvirdizade; Atabak A.Kermani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Intrathoracic displacement of head of humerus is very uncommon condition that can be life threatening by lung or heart injuries. There is a report of this condition that intrathoracic bone fragment was missed. Because of rare incidence there is no guideline for approach and treatment of ...  Read More

Trauma
7. Union following biologic versus rigid fixation of distal tibia extra-articular fractures

Abdallah Abboud; Karim Z. Masrouha; Tammam Hanna; Said Saghieh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 March 2019

Abstract
  Background: Distal tibia fractures are one of the most common bony injuries and have a significant rate of nonunion and delayed union. Multiple methods for the management of distal tibia fractures exist. Among the plating methods, there is bridge plating and compression plating. The evidence is still ...  Read More

Hip
8. Efficacy and safety of intramedullary and extramedullary fixation in unstable intertrochanteric fractures: A randomized clinical trial

Ali Andalib; Mohammadreza etemadifar; Pedram Yavari; Ghasem Mohammadsharifi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 August 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: The best method for repairing intertrochanteric fractures is still controversial. These include extramedullary (EM) and intramedullary (IM) fixation. Studies that compare IM and EM fixations for unstable hip fractures are rare. In this study, our goal was to compare efficacy of EM and IM ...  Read More

Elbow
9. Ultrasound measurements of the ECRB tendon shows remarkable variations in patients with lateral epicondylitis.

Renée Keijsers; Koen Koenraadt; Jeroen Turkenburg; Annechien Beumer; Bertram The; Denise Eygendaal

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 August 2019

Abstract
  Introduction Lateral epicondylitis (LE) most commonly affects the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB) tendon and patients are generally treated with injection therapy. For optimal positioning of the injection, as well as an estimation of the surface area and content of the ECRB tendon to determine ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
10. Hemophilic pseudotumors: diagnosis and management

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 August 2019

Abstract
  Prevention is essential for avoiding the complications of muscle hematomas (pseudotumous, compartment syndrome and peripheral nerve lesions) in hemophilic patients. This is achieved through early diagnosis of muscle hematomas and proper long-term hematological treatment until they have resolved (confirmed ...  Read More

11. The Continued Utility and Viability of Dakin’s Solution in Both High- and Low-resource Settings

Taylor D Ottesen; Rameez A Qudsi; Alexis K Kahanu; Belychagard Jean Baptiste; Pierre Marie Woolley; George S.M. Dyer

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Healthcare is expensive and often inaccessible to many. As a result, surgeons must consider simple, less expensive interventions when possible. For wound care, an older but quite effective cleaning agent is Dakin’s solution (0.5% sodium hypochlorite), an easily made mixture of 100 milliliters (ml) ...  Read More

12. The Treatment of knee Osteochondritis Dissecans by using the Autogenous Osteochondral Grafting technique. A case series

Sohrab Keyhani; Mehran Soleymanha; Rene Verdonk; Mohammadreza Abbasian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Purpose: Although some surgical techniques have been described for the operative treatment of unstable Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee, outcomes are variable and aren’t satisfying totally. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcomes of autogenous osteochondral grafting ...  Read More

13. Medicare Compensation Rates for Hand and Shoulder/Elbow Surgery by Operative Time: A Comparative Analysis

Suresh K Nayar; Samir Sabharwal; Keith Aziz; Uma Srikumaran; Aviram Giladi; Dawn M LaPorte

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Background: There is a high demand for shoulder/elbow experience among hand-fellowship trainees due to the perception that this exposure will improve their professional “marketability” in a subspecialty they perceive as having higher compensation. Methods: Using Medicare data, we investigated ...  Read More

14. Outcomes of Arthroscopic Biceps Tenodesis for the Treatment of Failed Type II SLAP Repair: A Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up

sean mcmillan; Elizabeth Ford; Brian Busconi; Alexander b kreines; Jeff Murray; Kristen Herbst; Manuel Pontes

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Abstract: Purpose: To retrospectively review surgical outcomes of prospectively collected data on a series of patients who underwent revision of a type II SLAP repair to arthroscopic biceps tenodesis due to an unsuccessful outcome. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on a cohort of patients ...  Read More

15. Surgical excision as the first therapeutic choice in single-muscle hemangiomas: a case series

Khodamorad Jamshidi; Milad Haji Agha Bozorgi; Hassan Assad Kassir; Alireza Mirzaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Object: Conservative management is generally the primary treatment for intramuscular ‎hemangimas. However, many patients will require surgery later in their life, after suffering a long ‎period of pain. We aimed to evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes of surgery as the ‎initial ...  Read More

16. Reoperation Rate and Indication for Reoperation after Free Functional Muscle Transfers in Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury

Pichitchai Atthakomol; Sezai Ozkan; Kyle Eberlin; Neal Chen; Jonathan Winograd; Sang-Gil Lee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Object: Free functional gracilis muscle transfers (FFGT) are an option for reconstruction after traumatic brachial plexus injury. Few studies report the rate of revision surgeries following free functional muscle transfers. We examined the reoperation rate and indication for reoperation after primary ...  Read More

17. Equivalent PROMIS Scores after Nonoperative or Operative Treatment of Trapeziometacarpal Osteoarthritis

Suresh K Nayar; Rebecca Glasser; Eugene Deune; John Ingari; Dawn M LaPorte

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 September 2019

Abstract
  Background: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores can quantify symptoms and limitations after upper extremity surgery. Our objective was to determine how these scores compare amongst patients with trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis treated either nonoperatively or operatively. ...  Read More

18. The current place of patellofemoral arthroplasty in the treatment of isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 November 2019

Abstract
  Patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) is a relatively prevalent disease, afflicting up to 24% of women and 11% of men over the age of 55 years who have symptomatic knee OA.The aims of this narrative overview is to help to determine the place of patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) in the management of ...  Read More

19. Application of oscillating saw for lumbar en-bloc laminectomy: a case series

Farshad Nikouei; Naveed Nabizadeh; Elham Mirzamohammadi; Maryam Ameri; Saeed Sabbaghan; Behrooz Givehchian; Farshad Safdari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 November 2019

Abstract
  Objects: An oscillating bone saw has been used rarely to perform laminectomy. The purpose of ‎this study is to describe a relatively quick and harmless technique for multilevel laminectomy in ‎patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) by means of an oscillating bone saw in addition to ‎reporting ...  Read More

20. Modified Camitz versus BRAND Procedures for Treatment of Severe Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Comparative Trial Study

Mohammad Dehghani; Behrooz Fadaei; Shirvan Rastegar; Abolghasem Zarezadeh; Keyvan Ghadimi; Roham Nik Khah

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 November 2019

Abstract
  Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome(CTS) is characterized by complications such as pain, paresthesia, and numbness in the fingers. There are some surgical therapies for management of severe carpal tunnel, but differences exist between the treatments available for creating the opposition. Therefore, the ...  Read More

21. Angioleiomyoma of the Hand: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

Caleb Yeung; Laura Moore; Jonathan Lans; Santiago Lozano-Calderón

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 November 2019

Abstract
  Background/Purpose: Angioleiomyomas are rare tumors arising from vascular tissue that can occasionally present in the hand. Reports of angioleiomyomas in this location are highly limited. Here, we describe the presentation and outcomes of a series of cases of angioleiomyomas. Methods: A retrospective ...  Read More

22. Mediastinal primary synovial sarcoma presenting with huge mass : a report of a rare case and review of literature

Seyed Hosein Fattahi Masoum; Amir H jafarian; Fatemeh Sadat Abtahi Mehrjardi; Mehrdad Fakhlaei; Leila Sargordan Fard Arani; Sharifeh Kamalimotlagh; Asieh sadat fattahi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 November 2019

Abstract
  Primary synovial sarcoma of mediastinum is very rare between soft tissue sarcomas with only a few reported cases in the world literature,its optimal therapy is still unclear, but surgical resection is the main treatment.Herein, we report a case of a 20*20 cm (2000gr) primary mediastinal giant synovial ...  Read More

23. The effect of total knee arthroplasty on hindfoot alignment in patients with severe genu varum and genu valgum

Hosseinali Hadi; mahmood jabalamoli; Abolfazl Bagheri Fard; ahmadreza behrouzi; Fatemeh Safi; amir azimi; Mahtab Ghanbari; Gholamreza Azarnia Samarin

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 November 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: The maintenance of deformity in the ankle and hindfoot after correction of knee deformity following knee arthroplasty may cause abnormal tension in the knee and patient dissatisfaction Materials and methods: A total of 84 patients with primary osteoarthritis, were enrolled in the study. ...  Read More

24. The incidence, zone, and type of the meniscus tear in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury; Does delayed ACL reconstruction affects the meniscal injury?

Sohrab Keyhani; Mohamad Sajad Mirhoseini; Ali Akbar Esmailiejah; Seyyed-Mohsen Hosseininejad; Naser Ghanbari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 November 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Meniscus tear is a common finding in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and may affect the natural history of the injury and the outcomes of treatment. In the current study, the characteristics of meniscus tears in patients underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were ...  Read More

25. Intra-articular versus Intravenous Tranexamic Acid in total knee arthroplasty: a Randomized Clinical Trial study

Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi; Babak Sattartabar; Alireza Moharrami; seyed hadi Kalantar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can cause excessive blood loss requiring allogenic transfusions. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been increasingly used for lowering blood loss. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of intravenous (IV) and intra-articular (IA) administrations of TXA in TKA ...  Read More

26. “Truly existing or hyped up? Unraveling the current knowledge regarding the anatomy, radiology, histology and bio-mechanics of the enigmatic Anterolateral ligament of the knee joint”

Dinesh Kumar Viswakumar; Yogesh Ashok Sontakke; Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee joint has been subjected to lot of controversies in the past few years. Even though this enigmatic structure was described under different descriptions, it got christened as anterolateral ligament by Claes in 2013 and since then it is being hugely discussed in ...  Read More

27. The Effect of Suspension and Conventional Core Stability Exercises on Characteristic of Intervertebral Disc and Chronic Pain in Office Staff Due to Lumbar Herniated Disc.

reza khanzadeh; reza mahdavinejad; Ali Borhani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of eight weeks of conventional core stability exercises and suspension core stability exercises by use of the designed device on characteristic of intervertebral discs in low back and Pain. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental ...  Read More

28. Midterm results of arthroscopic treatment for recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis of the elbow

Hossein Saremi; Mohammad Ali Seydan; mohamad ali Seifrabiei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Background: An effective treatment for the elbow’s recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis is arthroscopic surgery. This study evaluated the midterm results of treating recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis with arthroscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: Forty people with recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis ...  Read More

29. Total knee arthroplasty in patients with hemophilia: What do we know?

SM Javad Mortazavi; nima bagheri; Amir Reza Farhoud; seied hadi Kalantar; Ehsan Ghadimi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Total knee arthroplasty is considered as the treatment of choice for those with end-stage hemophilic arthropathy. Compared to other patients undergoing TKA, these patients have specific features, such as bleeding tendency, younger age, pre-operative restricted range of motion (ROM), altered anatomy and ...  Read More

30. Reply to "A Critical Review of Proximal Fibular Osteotomy for Knee Osteoarthritis"

Samundeeswari Saseendar; Saseendar Shanmugasundaram; Srinivas BS Kambhampati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Proximal fibular osteotomy is a surgical procedure that has evoked significant interest and controversy in the recent past. Vaishya et al have made a significant effort in compiling the available evidence on the topic. However, we would like to make some significant suggestions and additions to the findings ...  Read More

31. Anticoagulation Strategies for the Orthopaedic Surgeon : Reversal and Timelines

Matthew Daniel Riedel; Ian T. Watkins; Johnathon R. McCormick; Hans P. Van Lancker

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 December 2019

Abstract
  Article Highlights: 1) This article provides a full anticoagulant reference for the practicing orthopaedic surgeon which can be used in any clinical scenario, whether urgent or elective surgical intervention is required 2) A comprehensive list of anticoagulant reversal agents and drugs with short half-lives ...  Read More

32. The Survival and Incidence Rate of Ewing Sarcoma; a National Population-based Study in Iran (2008-2015)

Adel Ebrahimpour; Mohammadreza Chehrassan; Mehrdad Sadighi; Mehdi Azizmohammad Looha; Amin Karimi; Atieh Akbari; Alireza Raeisi; Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 January 2020

Abstract
  Introduction: The effect of race and ethnicity on some kind of malignant bone tumors including Ewing sarcoma has been proven in different studies. In order to evaluate the latter, national cancer registries may help to increase understanding about potential cancer causes, prevention and control strategies ...  Read More