Spine
376. Assessment of insertion of the pedicular screw in the spine without fluoroscopy

Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati; Shahab Ilka

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 October 2018

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this prospective study was to determine accuracy of insertion of the pedicular screw without use of the fluoroscopy. Methods: 760 pedicular screws were inserted from C7 to S1 vertebrae without use of fluoroscopy and locations of screws were assessed with CT scan after surgery ...  Read More

Knee
377. Tibial Tunnel Preparation in Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Reconstruction. A Technical Tip to Lessen the Stress

S.M. Javad Mortazavi; Ahmad Ramezanpoor Asl; Hamed Jafari; Hojjat Asgari; Mohamad H. Kaseb; Mohammad J. Dehghanifiroozabadi

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 463-468

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce a technical tip for the preparation of tibial tunnel in a posteriorcruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction to reduce the chance of popliteal artery injury and duration of the surgery.Methods: This study included 18 patients who underwent PCL reconstructions ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
378. Comparison of Short-Term Clinical Outcomes of Hook Plate and Continuous Loop Double Endobutton Fixations in Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation

Hassan Taleb; Ahmadreza Afshar; mohammad j. shariati; Ali tabrizi

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 545-550

Abstract
  Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ)fixation with hook plate (HP) and continuous loop double endobutton fixation (CLDE) in the treatment of acute ACJdislocation.Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on eight patients with ...  Read More

Trauma
379. Injury Patterns among Motorcyclist Trauma Patients: A Cross Sectional Study on 4200 Patients

Sayyed Hadi Sayyed Hoseinian; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Mohammad T. Peivandi; Farshid Bagheri; Jalil Hasani; Sogol Golshan; Ali Birjandinejad

Volume 7, Issue 4 , July 2019, , Pages 367-372

Abstract
  Background: Motorcyclists are among the most vulnerable groups of road accident victims, who are prone to a growingmortality rate due to the constant rise in the number of accidents. This study was performed to investigate the injurypatterns among motorcyclist trauma patients admitted to Kamyab Hospital, ...  Read More

Hand
380. Morphometric Assessment of the Residual Width of the Distal Hamate Articular Surface after Graft Harvest for Hemi-hamate Arthroplasty

Ludovico Lucenti; Kevin F. Lutsky; Lauren Banner; Zachary Lazev; Pedro K. Beredjiklian

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 70-74

Abstract
  Background: The hemi-hamate arthroplasty (HHA) can restore joint congruity and stability in chronic fracturedislocationsof the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ). Purpose of this study was to compare the width of the distalhamate articular surface (DHAS) to the width of the base of the middle phalanges ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
381. The Continued Utility and Viability of Dakin’s Solution in Both High- and Low-resource Settings

Taylor D. Ottesen; Rameez A. Qudsi; Alexis K. Kahanu; Belychagard Jean Baptiste; Pierre Marie Woolley; Adrienne R. Socci; George S.M. Dyer

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 198-203

Abstract
  Healthcare is expensive and often inaccessible to many. As a result, surgeons must consider simple, less expensiveinterventions when possible. For wound care, an older but quite effective cleaning agent is Dakin’s solution (0.5%sodium hypochlorite), an easily made mixture of 100 milliliters (ml) ...  Read More

382. Infected Textiloma, 35 Years after the Operation forFemur Fracture, an extermly rare occurance

Amir Reza Sadeghifar; Ali Reza Saeed

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 41-43

Abstract
    Retained gauze after surgery is an uncommon error and it may be associated with many complications. We are reporting our case to call attention to the fact that retained gauze may become symptomatic even after a very long interval. Herein we report on a patient who developed infection and fistula ...  Read More

383. Clinical Outcome of Femoral Osteotomy in Patients with Legg-Calve´-Perthes Disease

Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Ali Moradi; Farzad Omidi-Kashani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 90-93

Abstract
    Background: Legg-Calve´-Perthes disease is a juvenile idiopathic osteonecrosis in which the blood supply of femoral head is not sufficient and the bone dies provisionally. The aim of this study is to evaluate outcome of Femoral osteotomy in children with LCPD in our University Hospital. ...  Read More

384. Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Pain in Knee Arthroscopic Surgery; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Mohammad Alipour; Masoomeh Tabari; Reza Farhadifaz; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Maryam Salehi; Seyed Mostafa Moosavitekye

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 52-56

Abstract
  knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention ...  Read More

385. Outcome Assessment after Aptis Distal Radioulnar Joint (DRUJ) Implant Arthroplasty

Amir Reza Kachooei; Samantha M Chase; Jesse Jupiter

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 180-184

Abstract
  Background:  Conventional treatments after complicated injuries of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) such as Darrach and Kapandji-Sauvé procedures have many drawbacks, which may eventually lead to a painful unstable distal ulna.  The development of DRUJ prosthesis has significantly ...  Read More

386. The Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview Short Form (ZBI-12) in spouses of Veterans with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury, Validity and Reliability of the Persian Version

Mohammad T. Rajabi Mashhadi; Hosein Mashhadinejad; Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; Farideh Golhasani-Keshtan; Hanieh Ebrahimi; Zahra Zarei

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 56-63

Abstract
  Background:  To test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-12) in the Iranian opulation.  Methods: After translating and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire into Persian, 100 caregiver spouses of Iran-Iraq war (1980-88) veterans with chronic ...  Read More

387. A Pitfall in Fixation of Distal Humeral Fractures with Pre-Contoured Locking Compression Plate

Prakash Jayakumar; David Ring

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 130-133

Abstract
  Anatomically precontoured locking plates are intended to facilitate the fixation of articular fractures and particularly those associated with osteoporosis. Fractures of the distal humerus are relatively uncommon injuries where operative intervention can be exceptionally challenging. The distal humeral ...  Read More

388. Overlapped Pubic Symphysis; a Case Report and Review of the Literature

Ahmadreza Afshar; Mehdi Koushkzari

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 212-216

Abstract
  Overlapped pubic symphysis is a rare but serious pelvic injury. This study presents a case of overlapped dislocation of the pubic symphysis. He was managed by closed reduction under general anesthesia. The patient had urethral transsection.At the latest follow up, seven months post injury; he was able ...  Read More

389. Assessment of Correlation Between MRI and Arthroscopic Pathologic Findings in the Shoulder Joint

Omid Momenzadeh; Mohamad Gerami; Sepideh Sefidbakht; Sakineh Dehghani

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 286-290

Abstract
    Background: The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging for shoulder joint pathologies and then compare the results with arthroscopy, the standard for joint diagnosis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 80 patients with shoulder joint disorders, ...  Read More

390. How Much are Emergency Medicine Specialists’ Decisions Reliable in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Fractures?

Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Behzad Zohrevandi; Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari; Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 60-64

Abstract
    Background: Considering the importance of an early diagnosis and proper decision-making in regards to the treatment of pediatric distal radius and elbow fractures, this study examines emergency medicine specialists’ accuracy in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Methods: From ...  Read More

391. Intrapelvic Protrusion of a Broken Guide Wire Fragment during Fixation of a Femoral Neck Fracture

Ahmadreza Afshar

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 63-65

Abstract
    During fixation of a femoral neck fracture in a 23-year-old male patient with cannulated screws, a broken guide wire fragment inadvertently advanced through the hip joint and protruded into the pelvis. A second surgical approach was needed to remove the broken fragment from the pelvis. Awareness ...  Read More

392. Assessing Practitioners’ and Patients’ Needs Regarding Shared Decision-Making and Decision Aids

Michiel Hageman; Jeroen Bossen; Valentin Neuhaus; Chaitanya Mudgal; David Ring; Science Variation Group

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 150-155

Abstract
         Background: As part of the process of developing a decision aid for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) according to the Ottawa Decision Support Framework, we were interested in the level of ‘decisional conflict’ of hand surgeons and patients with CTS. This study addresses ...  Read More

393. Assessment of Decisional Conflict about the Treatment of Trigger Finger, Comparing Patients and Physicians

Michiel G.J.S. Hageman; Anne Caroline Döring; Silke A. Spit; Thierry G. Guitton; David Ring; Science Of Variation group

Volume 4, Issue 4 , October 2016, , Pages 353-358

Abstract
    Background: As an early step in the development of a decision aid for idiopathic trigger finger (TF) we were interested in the level of decisional conflict experienced by patients and hand surgeons. This study tested the null hypothesis that there is no difference in decisional conflict between ...  Read More

Knee
394. Epithelialization Over a Scaffold of Antibiotic-Impregnated PMMA Beads: A Salvage Technique for Open Tibial Fractures with Bone and Soft Tissue Loss When all Else Fails

Karim Z. Masrouha; Youssef El-Bitar; Marc Najjar; Said Saghieh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 259-263

Abstract
    The management of soft tissue defects in tibial fractures is essential for limb preservation. Current techniques are not without complications and may lead to poor functional outcomes. A salvage method is described using three illustrative cases whereby a combination of flaps and antibiotic-impregnated ...  Read More

396. Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis in a 9-year-old Boy

Abdolreza Malek; Mohammadhassan Aelami; Narges Afzali; Ali Parsa; Havva Jalalinia

Volume 5, Issue 3 , May 2017, , Pages 196-200

Abstract
    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone pain with or without fever. The diagnosis of CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bone lesions ...  Read More

Knee
397. Measurement of Posterior Tibial Slope Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Elham karimi; Mohsen Norouzian; Ali Birjandinejad; Reza Zandi; Hadi Makhmalbaf

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 435-439

Abstract
  Background: Posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an important factor in the knee joint biomechanics and one of the bone features, which leads to knee joint stability. Posterior tibial slope affects flexion gap, knee joint stability and posterior femoral rollback that are related to wide range of knee motion. ...  Read More

Hand
398. Persistent Medial Subluxation of the Ulna with Radiotrochlear Articulation

Amir R. Kachooei; David Ring

Volume 5, Issue 4 , July 2017, , Pages 264-269

Abstract
  Two patients-one with a terrible triad fracture dislocation and one with an anterior olecranon fracture dislocation—weretreated for maltracking of the elbow (medial subluxation). The radial head articulated with the lateral trochlea while theulnar trochlear notch was perched over the medial trochlea. ...  Read More

Hip
399. Intrapelvic Protrusion of a Broken Guide Wire Fragment during Fixation of a Femoral Neck Fracture

Uttam Chand Saini; Nirmal Raj Gopinathan; Sameer Aggarwal; Ramesh Sen

Volume 6, Issue 2 , March 2018, , Pages 155-156

Abstract
  Breakage of DHS guide wire during surgery and its migration into the pelvis through the hip joint is a rare complication and its removal can be very challenging for the surgeon. We share our experience of a similar case wherein we used an ‘iliofemoral’ approach to successfully remove the ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
400. A Comparison between Single and Double Tourniquet Technique in Distal Upper Limb Orthopedic Surgeries with Intravenous Regional Anesthesia

Mohammad Haghighi; Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran; Nasim Ashouri Saheli; Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh; Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 63-70

Abstract
  Background: Several studies have put an effort to minimize the tourniquet pain and complications after conventionaldouble tourniquet intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). We expressed in our hypothesis that an upper arm singlewide tourniquet (ST) may serve a better clinical efficacy rather than the ...  Read More