176. Is Gabapentin Effective on Pain Management after Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruc tion? A Triple Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

Mohsen Mrdani Kivi; Mohammad Karimi Mobarakeh; Sohrab Keyhani; Keyvan Hashemi Motlagh; Khashayar sahab Ekhtiari

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Background: Acute pain is common after arthroscopic surgeries and it is one of the most important causes of patient dissatisfaction, admission time and increased morbidity . Gabapentin with anti-hyperalgesic effects can play a critical role in pre-emptive analgesia methods. The aim of this study was ...  Read More

177. Treatment of Pediatric Open Femoral Fractures with External Fixator Versus Flexible Intramedullary Nails

Hossein Aslani; Ali Tabrizi; Ali Sadighi; Ahmad R Mirbolook

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 64-67

Abstract
    Background: In children, inappropriate treatment of open femoral fractures may induce several complications. A few studies have compared the external fixator with flexible intramedullary nails in high-grade open femoral fractures of children. The present study aims at comparing results of these ...  Read More

178. Effects of Valproic Acid on Axonal Regeneration and Recovery of Motor Function after Peripheral Nerve Injury in the Rat

Ting Rao; Fei Wu; Danmou Xing; Zhengren Peng; Dong Ren; Wei Feng; Yan Chen; Zhiming Zhao; Huan Wang; Junweng Wang; Wusheng Kan; Qingsong Zhang

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 17-24

Abstract
  Background:   Valproic acid (VPA) is used to be an effective anti-epileptic drug and mood stabilizer. It has recently been demonstrated that VPA could promote neurite outgrowth, activate the extracellular signal regulated kinase pathway, and increases bcl-2 and growth cone-associated protein 43 ...  Read More

179. Snow Catastrophe Conditions: What is its Impact on Orthopedic Injuries?

Mohsen Mardani-Kivi; Mahmoud Karimi-Mobarakeh; Ehsan Kazemnejad; Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari; Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2014, , Pages 111-113

Abstract
  Background:   Iran places sixth amongst high risk natural disaster countries and Guilan province of Iran shoulders a large amount of socio-economic burden due to snow catastrophes. The more knowledge of circumstances we have, the more efficient our future encounters will be. Methods: In this retrospective ...  Read More

180. Soluble Mediators in Posttraumatic Wrist and Primary Knee Osteoarthritis

Teun Teunis; Michiel Beekhuizen; Gerjo V.M. Van Osch; Arnold H. Schuurman; Laura B. Creemers; L. Paul van Minnen

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 146-150

Abstract
  Background:  New discoveries about the pathophysiology changed the concept that all forms of osteoarthritis are alike; this lead to the delineation of different phenotypes such as age, trauma or obese related forms. We aim to compare soluble mediator profiles in primary knee and posttraumatic ...  Read More

181. Granular Cell Tumor Presenting as a Large Leg Mass

Ali Andalib; Mohsen Heidary; Sahar Sajadieh-Khajouei

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 265-267

Abstract
  Granular cell tumor is a rare benign neoplasm most commonly appears in the head and neck region, especially in the tongue, cheek mucosa, and palate. Occurrence in limbs is even rarer. These tumors account for approximately 0.5% of all soft tissue tumors. Granular cell tumor can also affect other organs ...  Read More

182. Better Survival of Total Knee Replacement in Patients Older Than 70 Years: A Prospective Study with 8 To 12 Years Follow-Up

Ricardo Fernandez-Fernandez; E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 22-28

Abstract
   Background: Modern knee designs have popularized its use in younger patients due to its better performance. There remains uncertainty whether higher demands of these patients can affect implant survivorship.    Purpose: To assess whether modern knee designs have provided similar ...  Read More

183. Is there any Correlation Between Patient Height and Patellar Tendon Length?

Amir Mohammad Navali; Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 99-103

Abstract
   Background: A potential specific problem of patellar tendon graft in ACL reconstruction is the possibility of graft-tunnel mismatch which could be more problematic with anatomic ACL reconstruction where the femoral tunnel is placed low on the lateral wall of the lateral femoral condyle. The ...  Read More

184. Clinical Results of Meniscal Repair Using Submeniscal Horizontal Sutures

Amir Mohammad Navali; Hossein Aslani

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 179-183

Abstract
  Background:  Parts of the implants placed over the meniscus during meniscal repair can wear down the cartilage in the contact zones and cause chronic synovitis. Placing horizontal sutures under the meniscus may overcome this potential hazard. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate ...  Read More

185. Introduction of a New Suture Method in Repair of Peripheral Nerves Injured with a Sharp Mechanism

Alireza Saied; Majid Asadi Shekar; Amirreza Sadeghifar; Ali Karbalaeikhani

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 254-259

Abstract
    Background: The standard method for repair of an injured peripheal nerve is epineural repair with separate sutures. Herein we describe a method in which the nerve is sutured with continous sutures. In fact this method has not been utilized for nerve repair previously and our purpose was to compare ...  Read More

186. Supracondylar Osteotomy in Valgus Knee: Angle Blade Plate Versus Locking Compression Plate

Seyyed Morteza Kazemi; Reza Minaei; Farshad Safdari; Ali Keipourfard; Rozhin Forghani; Alemeh Mirzapourshafiei

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 29-34

Abstract
    Background: There are few studies comparing the biomechanical properties of angled blade plate and locking compression plates in supracondylar osteotomy. In the current randomized study, we prospectively compared the clinical and radiological outcomes of supracondylar osteotomy using these two ...  Read More

187. Evaluation of Distal Femoral Rotational Alignment with Spiral CT Scan before Total Knee Arthroplasty (A Study in Iranian Population)

Mahmoud Jabalameli; Amin Moradi; Abolfazl Bagherifard; Mehran Radi; Tahmineh Mokhtari

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 122-127

Abstract
      Background: Evaluating the landmarks for rotation of the distal femur is a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Although the posterior femoral condyle axis is a good landmark for surgeons, the surgical transepicondylar axis may be a better option with the help of preoperative CT scanning. ...  Read More

Shoulder
188. Proximity of Vital Structures to the Clavicle: Comparison of Fractured and Non-fractured Side

Frans Mulder; Jos Mellema; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 4 , October 2016, , Pages 318-322

Abstract
    Background: Previous anatomic and radiological studies have described the relationship of the clavicle to major neurovascular structures in healthy subjects. We were curious about this relationship in patients with a clavicle fracture and if it is different from non-fractured clavicles.   ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
189. Progression of Heterotopic Ossification around the Elbow after Trauma

Dirk P. ter Meulen; Sjoerd Nota; Michiel Hageman; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 228-230

Abstract
   Background: This study addresses the null hypothesis that there is no expansion of heterotopic ossification (HO) in the elbow beyond what can be seen early on.   Methods: The area of HO was measured on lateral radiographs of 38 consecutive patients that had operative treatment of HO between ...  Read More

190. Analgesia Following Arthroscopy – a Comparison of Intraarticular Bupivacaine and/or Midazolam and or Fentanyl

Mahmoud Nahravani; Seyed Mostafa Moosavi Tekye; Mohammad Alipour; Hadi Makhmalbaf; Monnavar Afzal Aghaee

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 28-31

Abstract
    Background: Arthroscopic intervention is very common for conducting orthopedic surgeries. After a knee arthroscopic surgery, different drugs are used through intra-articular administration to induce analgesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate analgesic effects of Bupivacaine (marcaine), Bupivacaine ...  Read More

Trauma
191. Does Tranexamic Acid Reduce Bleeding during Femoral Fracture Operation?

Mohammad Haghighi; Hossein Ettehad; Mohsen Mardani-kivi; Ahmadreza Mirbolook; Bahram Naderi Nabi; Roya Moghaddam; Abbas Sedighinejad; Gita KHanjanian

Volume 5, Issue 2 , March 2017, , Pages 103-108

Abstract
  Background:Proximal Femoral shaft fractures are commonly associated with marked blood loss which can lead topostoperative acute anemia and some other complications.Tranexamic acid (TA) is an antifibrinolytic medication that reduces intra-and postoperative blood loss and transfusionrequirements during ...  Read More

Hand
192. Questionable Word Choice in Scientific Writing in Orthopedic Surgery

Casey M. O`Connor; Mariano E. Menendez; Kevin Hughes; David Ring

Volume 5, Issue 4 , July 2017, , Pages 231-234

Abstract
  Background: Given the strong influence of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors on musculoskeletal symptoms andlimitations it’s important that both scientific and lay writing use the most positive, hopeful, and adaptive words andconcepts consistent with medical evidence. The use of words that might ...  Read More

Joint Replacement
193. Acute Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty for Proximal Tibial Fractures in Elderly

Mohammad M. Sarzaeem; Mohammad M. Omidian; Gholamhossein kazemian; Aalireza Manafi

Volume 5, Issue 5 , September 2017, , Pages 302-307

Abstract
  Background: Proximal tibial fractures in elderly patients with osteoporosis or knee osteoarthritis (OA) are challengingcases. In the current study, we present our experience with uncommon acute primary total knee arthroplasty (PTKA)in this patient population.Methods: PTKAs were performed following proximal ...  Read More

Physiotherapy
194. Responsiveness of Static and Dynamic Postural Balance Measures in Patients with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Following Physiotherapy Intervention

Neda Mostafaee; Mohammad J. Shaterzadeh Yazdi; Hossein Negahban; Shahin Goharpey; Mohammad Mehravar; Nahid Pirayeh

Volume 5, Issue 3 , May 2017, , Pages 153-167

Abstract
  Background:The main goal of physiotherapy for patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) is to improve postural control and retain knee function. Therefore, clinicians need to use evaluative tools that assess postural changes during physiotherapy. To maximize the clinical utility ...  Read More

Hand
195. Dupuytren’s Disease: Predicting Factors and Associated Conditions. A Single Center Questionnaire-Based CaseControl Study

Ilaria Morelli; Gianfranco Fraschini; Arianna E. Banfi

Volume 5, Issue 6 , November 2017, , Pages 384-393

Abstract
  Background: Conflicting studies link several conditions and risk factors to Dupuytren’s disease (DD). A questionnaire-based case-control study was set to investigate associated conditions and clinical features of DD in a sample of Italian patients. The main purpose was the identification of predicting ...  Read More

Hip
196. A Single Femoral Component for All Total Hip Replacements Performed by a Trust? Does This Affect Early Clinical and Radiological Outcomes?

James Ricketts; Paul Sherry

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 27-33

Abstract
  Background: Hospitals may be under pressure to implement cost saving strategies regarding prosthesis choice. Thismay involve the use of components which are not the first preference of individual surgeons, or those they have littleexperience with. We aim to examine the effect of standardizing the type ...  Read More

Shoulder
197. Identification of Risk Factors for Abnormal Postoperative Chemistry Labs after Primary Shoulder Arthroplasty

Alexis A. Williams; Eric H. Tischler; Daniel Sholder; Thema A. Nicholson; Mitchell G. Maltenfort; Charles Getz; Gerald Williams Jr; Surena Namdari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , July 2018, , Pages 282-288

Abstract
  Purpose Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine patient-specific risk factors and clinical intervention rates for abnormal postoperative Chem-7 panels in shoulder arthroplasty patients. Methods Retrospectively, all primary anatomic total (aTSA) and reverse shoulder (RTSA) arthroplasties ...  Read More

Shoulder
198. Multimodal Pain Management Protocol Versus Patient Controlled Narcotic Analgesia for Postoperative Pain Control after Shoulder Arthroplasty

Thema Nicholson; Mitchell Maltenfort; Charles Getz; Mark Lazarus; Gerald Williams; Surena Namdari

Volume 6, Issue 3 , May 2018, , Pages 196-202

Abstract
    Background: Our institution’s traditional pain management strategy after shoulder arthroplasty has involved the utilization of postoperative patient-controlled narcotic analgesia. More recently, we have implemented a protocol (TLC) that utilizes a multimodal approach. The purpose of this ...  Read More

Spine
199. Reliability and Validity of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire for Iranian Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati; Moghaddameh Mirzai

Volume 6, Issue 2 , March 2018, , Pages 119-123

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was validation of the Persian translation of the Swiss Spinal StenosisQuestionnaire in order to be used by Iranian researchers.Methods: A total of 104 patients with spinal stenosis diagnosis, who were candidates for operative treatment wereentered into the study. ...  Read More

Upper Extrimity
200. Economic Analysis of the Cost of Implants Used for Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures

Suneel Bhat; Frederick Liss; Pedro K. Beredjiklian

Volume 6, Issue 5 , September 2018, , Pages 371-375

Abstract
  Background: There are a number of different implant choices for surgical treatment of distal radius fractures, oftendetermined by surgeon preference or availability. Although no one volar plate demonstrates superior outcomes, thereare significant cost differences absorbed by hospitals and surgical centers. ...  Read More