Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty.
101. Operative Time Directly Correlates with Blood Loss and Need for Blood Transfusion in Total Joint Arthroplasty

David Ross; Omer Erkocak; Mohammad R. Rasouli; Javad Parvizi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , May 2019, , Pages 229-234

Abstract
  Background: Allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been shown tonegatively affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to examine if there is a correlation between operative time and theneed for allogeneic blood transfusions during TJA.Methods: We performed ...  Read More

Shoulder
102. Shoulder Arthroplasty Utilization Based on Race - Are Black Patients Underrepresented?

Jeffrey D. Tompson; Usman A. Syed; Eric M. Padegimas; Joseph A. Abboud

Volume 7, Issue 6 , November 2019, , Pages 484-492

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to analyze national and institutional trends in shoulder arthroplasty utilization basedon patient race.Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was employed to determine racial trends in shoulder arthroplastyutilization at a national level. An institutional database ...  Read More

Elbow
103. How Well do Orthopedic Surgeons Recognize Different Models of Total Elbow Arthroplasties on Plain Radiographs with the Use of a Diagnostic Flowchart?

Ante Prkić; Femke Claessen; Matthijs P. Somford; Bertram The; Michel P.J. van den Bekerom; Denise Eygendaal

Volume 7, Issue 5 , September 2019, , Pages 407-415

Abstract
  Background: Recognition of total elbow arthroplasties (TEAs) on plain radiographs is difficult due to a multitude ofdifferent types and models. Especially if surgery reports and documentation are not available, lost or when the primarysurgery was performed in another hospital the prosthesis type may ...  Read More

Pediatric
104. Transverse Anterior Approach to the Elbow for Pediatric Displaced Lateral Humeral Condyle Fractures

Francisco Soldado F.; Pedro Domenech-Fernandez; Sergi Barrera-Ochoa; Josep M. Bergua-Domingo; Paula Diaz-gallardo; Felipe Hodgson; Jorge Knorr

Volume 8, Issue 2 , March 2020, , Pages 142-146

Abstract
  Background: The anterior approach to the elbow for pediatric lateral condyle fractures (LCF) would provide a bettervisualization of the articular fracture resulting in better functional results, less complications and a more cosmeticallyappealingscar than usually seen with the lateral approach.Methods: ...  Read More

Hip
105. The Use of Antibiotic Impregnated Cement Spacers in the Treatment of Infected Total Joint Replacement: Challenges and Achievements

Omid Shahpari; Alireza Mousavian; Nafiseh Elahpour; Michael-Alexander Malahias; Mohammad H. Ebrahimzadeh; Ali Moradi PhD

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 11-20

Abstract
  Two stage total hip arthroplasty revision surgery includes foreign material debridment, insertion of antibiotic impregnatedcement spacer, and finally, reimplantation of the prosthesis. This review has aimed to evaluate the efficacy of antibioticimpregnated cement spacers in infection control and eradication ...  Read More

106. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Iranian Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures

Farzad Omidi Kashani; Ebrahim Ghayem Hasankhani; Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; Amir Reza Kachooei; Mohammad Hasani; Ali Moradi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , September 2013, , Pages 9-13

Abstract
  Background: Osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures are common clinical problems. In those with refractory fractures, percutaneous cement augmentation has been suggested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome of percutaneous vertebroplasty in Iranian patients with refractory ...  Read More

107. Nonspecific Arm Pain

Ali Moradi; Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh; David Ring

Volume 1, Issue 2 , December 2013, , Pages 53-58

Abstract
    Nonspecific activity-related arm pain is characterized by an absence of objective physical findings and symptoms that do not correspond with objective pathophysiology. Arm pain without strict diagnosis is often related to activity, work-related activity in particular, and is often seen in patients ...  Read More

108. Relapsing and Residual Clubfoot Deformities After the Application of the Ponseti Method:A Contemporary Review

Ali parsa; Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam; Mohammad H Taraz Jamshidi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2014, , Pages 7-10

Abstract
    The Ponseti method is a safe and effective treatment for congenital clubfoot, and radically decreases the need for extensive corrective surgery. But a group of patients will still present with under corrected residual equinovarus deformities despite the proper use of the Ponseti method. About ...  Read More

109. Comparison of Outcome of Femoral Shaft Fracture Fixation with Intramedullary Nail in Elderly Patient and Patients Younger than 60 Years Old

Asgar Elmi; Ali Reza Rohani; Ali Tabrizi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , June 2014, , Pages 103-105

Abstract
  Background:   Although intramedullary nailing (IMN) is an established and accepted operative treatment for femoral shaft fracture in patients younger than 60, there is a lack of data on the results of this treatment on those over 60. The purpose of this study was to determine if the outcome of IMN ...  Read More

110. Medial Unicompartmental Osteoarthritis (MUO) of the Knee: Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (UKR) or Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2014, , Pages 137-140

Abstract
  The aim of this review article is to analyze the clinical effectiveness of total knee replacement (TKR) compared to unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) in patients with medial unicompartmental osteoarthritis (MUO) in terms of survival rates, revision rates and postoperative complications. The search ...  Read More

111. Small Finger Metacarpal Shaft Wedged between Ring and Small Metacarpal Bases: a Report of 2 Cases

Frans J Mulder; Mariano E Menendez; David Ring

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 258-259

Abstract
  We present two patients with a displaced fracture of the small finger metacarpal base, where the shaft of the small finger metacarpal was wedged between the bases of the ring and small finger metacarpals. The striking appearance on radiographs led to initial recommendations for surgery, but both patients ...  Read More

112. Surgical Procedures of the Elbow: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Observational Study in the United States

Ahmet Kinaci; Valentin Neuhaus; David Ring

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 13-18

Abstract
  Background:  Elbow surgery is shared by several subspecialties. We were curious about the most common elbow surgeries and their corresponding diagnoses in the United States.   Methods:  We used the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) and the National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery ...  Read More

113. Radial Head Prosthesis Removal:a Retrospective Case Series of 14 Patients

Valentin Neuhaus; Dimitrios C. Christoforou; Amir Reza Kachooei; Jesse B. Jupiter; David C. Ring; Chaitanya S. Mudgal

Volume 3, Issue 2 , April 2015, , Pages 88-93

Abstract
  Background:  The purpose of this study was to report the preoperative complaints and postoperative outcome of patients after removal of the radial head prosthesis.   Methods:  This is a retrospective review of 14 adult patients (6 females and 8 males) from 2007 ...  Read More

114. Ultrasound-guided Percutaneous Medial Pinning of Pediatric Supracondylar Humeral Fractures to Avoid Ulnar Nerve Injury.

Francisco Soldado; Jorge Knorr; Sleiman Haddad; Paula Diaz-Gallardo; Jordi Palau-Gonzalez; Vasco Mascarenhas; Samir Karmali; Jerome Sales De Gauzay

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 169-172

Abstract
  Background:  Medial pinning is one of the most controversial aspects of the surgical treatment of supracondylar fractures (SHF) owing to the risk of ulnar nerve injury.  Aim: To evaluate the safety and usefulness of medial pinning for SHF using ultrasound imaging for ulnar nerve visualization.   ...  Read More

115. Correlation of Reconstructed Scaphoid Morphology with Clinical Outcomes

Ahmadreza Afshar; Afshin Mohammadi; Kian Zohrabi; Nasrin Navaeifar; Sam Sami; Hassan Taleb

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2015, , Pages 244-249

Abstract
    Background: Scaphoid malunion alters the carpal kinematics and impairs clinical outcome because of pain, weakness, restricted range of motion and predisposing the wrist joint to early osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the scaphoid morphological angles on clinical ...  Read More

116. A Chick Embryo in-Vitro Model of Knee Morphogenesis

Edward K. Rodriguez; Jeeva Munasinghe

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 109-115

Abstract
     Background: In this feasibility study, a mechanically loaded in-vitro tissue culture model of joint morphogenesis using the isolated lower extremity of the 8 day old chick embryo was developed to assess the effects of mechanical loading on joint morphogenesis. Methods: The developed in-vitro ...  Read More

117. The Effect of the Silicone Ring Tourniquet and Standard Pneumatic Tourniquet on the Motor Nerve Conduction, Pain and Grip Strength in Healthy Volunteers

Georgios Drosos; Georgios Kiziridis; Cristina Aggelopoulou; Dimitrios Galiatsatos; George Anastassopoulos; Athanasios Ververidis; Konstantinos Kazakos

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 16-22

Abstract
    Background: The pneumatic tourniquet (PT) is routinely used in upper and lower limb operations by most orthopaedic surgeons. The silicone ring tourniquet (SRT) was introduced in clinical practice the last decade. Clinical as well comparative studies in volunteers concerning its safety and efficacy ...  Read More

118. Unicompartmental Knee Osteoarthritis (UKOA): Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) or High Tibial Osteotomy (HTO)?

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 4, Issue 4 , October 2016, , Pages 307-313

Abstract
    Background: The aim of this review article is to analyze the results of high tibial osteotomy compared to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients with unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis.   Methods: The search engine used was PubMed. The keywords were: "high tibial osteotomy versus ...  Read More

119. The Radiological Prevalence of Incidental Kienböck Disease

Saroj K. Golay; Philippa Rust; David Ring

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, , Pages 220-223

Abstract
    Background:To determine the prevalence of incidental Kienböck disease.   Methods: A retrospective analysis of 150,912 radiological reports or images obtained over a five year period was performed of 76,174 patients who underwent a radiograph or computed tomography scan which included ...  Read More

Shoulder
120. Preliminary Results of a Consecutive Series of Large & Massive Rotator Cuff Tears Treated with Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repairs Augmented with Extracellular Matrix

Paolo Consigliere; Ioannis Polyzois; Tanaya Sarkhel; Rohit Gupta; Ofer Levy; A Ali Narvani

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 14-21

Abstract
   Background: Recurrence rate of rotator cuff tears is still high despite the improvements of surgical techniques, materials used and a better knowledge of the healing process of the rotator cuff tendons. Large to massive rotator cuff tears are particularly associated with a high failure rate, especially ...  Read More

Ankle
121. Gravity Reduction View: A Radiographic Technique for the Evaluation and Management of Weber B Fibula Fractures

Lauren k Ehrlichman; Tyler A Gonzalez; Alec A. Macaulay; Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini; John Y Kwon

Volume 5, Issue 2 , March 2017, , Pages 89-95

Abstract
  Background: While various radiographic parameters and application of manual/gravity stress have been proposed to elucidate instability for Weber B fibula fractures, the prognostic capability of these modalities remains unclear. Determination of anatomic positioning of the mortise is paramount. We propose ...  Read More

Trauma
122. Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPO) on Comminuted Tibial or Femoral Fractures

Ali Andalib; Erfan Sheikhbahaei; Zeynab Andalib; Mohammad A. Tahririan

Volume 5, Issue 5 , September 2017, , Pages 290-295

Abstract
  Background: Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site,known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), has recently become prevalent. This study has beendesigned to assess the outcomes of this treatment for tibial and femoral comminuted ...  Read More

General Orthopedics
123. A Comparison of Patients Absorption Doses with Bone Deformity Due to the EOS Imaging and Digital Radiology

Seyed Mohammad J. Abrisham; Fathollah Bouzarjomehri; Reza Nafisi-Moghadam; Mohammad R. Sobhan; Mahdie Gadimi; Fereshte Omidvar

Volume 5, Issue 3 , May 2017, , Pages 145-148

Abstract
    Background: This study has aimed to measure the patient dose in entire spine radiography by EOS system in comparison with the digital radiography. Methods: EOS stereo-radiography was used for frontal and lateral view spine imaging in 41 patients in a prospective analytical study. A calibrated ...  Read More

124. First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis: A Retrospective Comparison of Crossed-screws, Locking and Non-Locking Plate Fixation with Lag Screw

Leif Claassen; Christian Plaass; Marc-Frederic Pastor; Sarah Ettinger; Mathias Wellmann; Christina Stukenborg-Colsman; Hazibullah Waizy; Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian

Volume 5, Issue 4 , July 2017, , Pages 221-225

Abstract
  Background:Locking plate fixation is increasingly used for first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP-I) arthrodesis. Still there is few comparable clinical data regarding this procedure. Methods:We retrospectively evaluated 60 patients who received an arthrodesis of the MTP-I between January 2008 and June ...  Read More

125. Does a Previous High Tibial Osteotomy (HTO) Influence the Long-term Function or Survival of a Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA)?

E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 19-22

Abstract
   High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well established technique for the treatment of medial osteoarthritis ofthe knee with varus malalignment. The outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after HTO remains uncertain.The aim of this paper is to revise the literature with the aim of answering the following ...  Read More